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Sheffield, Vermont facts for kids

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Sheffield, Vermont
Town
Sheffield, Vermont
Sheffield, Vermont
Country United States
State Vermont
County Caledonia
Area
 • Total 32.8 sq mi (84.9 km2)
 • Land 32.5 sq mi (84.2 km2)
 • Water 0.3 sq mi (0.7 km2)
Elevation 1,480 ft (451 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 703
 • Density 21/sq mi (8.3/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 05866
Area code(s) 802
FIPS code 50-64075
GNIS feature ID 1462205

Sheffield is a town in Caledonia County, Vermont, United States. The population was 703 at the 2010 census.

Geography

Sheffield is located in northwestern Caledonia County. It is bordered by the town of Barton to the north, Sutton to the east, Wheelock to the south, and Glover to the west. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 32.8 square miles (84.9 km2), of which 32.5 square miles (84.2 km2) is land and 0.27 square miles (0.7 km2), or 0.79%, is water.

The town is crossed by Interstate 91, leading north to Newport and south to St. Johnsbury. There are no exits within the town. Vermont Route 122 roughly parallels I-91, leading northwest to Glover and Barton and southeast to Lyndonville.

The highest point in Sheffield is an unnamed summit in the northeast corner of town, with an elevation of 2,543 feet (775 m) above sea level, between Granby Mountain and Norris Mountain.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1800 170
1810 388 128.2%
1820 581 49.7%
1830 720 23.9%
1840 821 14.0%
1850 797 −2.9%
1860 836 4.9%
1870 811 −3.0%
1880 884 9.0%
1890 750 −15.2%
1900 724 −3.5%
1910 691 −4.6%
1920 594 −14.0%
1930 543 −8.6%
1940 465 −14.4%
1950 451 −3.0%
1960 342 −24.2%
1970 307 −10.2%
1980 435 41.7%
1990 541 24.4%
2000 727 34.4%
2010 703 −3.3%
Est. 2014 699 −0.6%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census of 2000, there were 727 people, 272 households, and 202 families residing in the town. The population density was 22.3 people per square mile (8.6/km2). There were 399 housing units at an average density of 12.2 per square mile (4.7/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 97.52% White, 0.55% Native American, 0.28% from other races, and 1.65% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.51% of the population.

There were 272 households out of which 37.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.3% were married couples living together, 8.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.7% were non-families. 16.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.67 and the average family size was 2.99.

In the town, the population was spread out with 27.8% under the age of 18, 5.8% from 18 to 24, 31.9% from 25 to 44, 24.5% from 45 to 64, and 10.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 107.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 105.9 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $28,125, and the median income for a family was $31,591. Males had a median income of $27,727 versus $21,500 for females. The per capita income for the town was $13,277. About 19.0% of families and 22.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 33.1% of those under age 18 and 15.0% of those age 65 or over.

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