Wheelock, Vermont facts for kids

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Wheelock, Vermont
Wheelock, Vermont
Wheelock, Vermont
Country United States
State Vermont
County Caledonia
 • Total 39.8 sq mi (103.1 km2)
 • Land 39.5 sq mi (102.3 km2)
 • Water 0.3 sq mi (0.8 km2)
Elevation 1,581 ft (482 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 811
 • Density 20/sq mi (7.9/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 05851
Area code(s) 802
FIPS code 50-83500
GNIS feature ID 1462259

Wheelock is a town in Caledonia County, Vermont, United States. The population was 811 at the 2010 census.


Wheelock is located in northwestern Caledonia County and is bordered by the town of Sheffield to the north, Sutton to the northeast, Lyndon to the east, Danville to the south, Stannard to the southwest, and Greensboro to the west. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 39.8 square miles (103.1 km2), of which 39.5 square miles (102.3 km2) is land and 0.31 square miles (0.8 km2), or 0.80%, is water.

The highest point in town is Wheelock Mountain, with an elevation of 2,782 feet (848 m).


Historical population
Census Pop.
1790 33
1800 568 1,621.2%
1810 964 69.7%
1820 906 −6.0%
1830 834 −7.9%
1840 881 5.6%
1850 855 −3.0%
1860 832 −2.7%
1870 822 −1.2%
1880 829 0.9%
1890 596 −28.1%
1900 567 −4.9%
1910 500 −11.8%
1920 526 5.2%
1930 412 −21.7%
1940 293 −28.9%
1950 287 −2.0%
1960 246 −14.3%
1970 238 −3.3%
1980 444 86.6%
1990 481 8.3%
2000 621 29.1%
2010 811 30.6%
Est. 2014 806 −0.6%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census of 2000, there were 621 people, 238 households, and 178 families residing in the town. The population density was 15.7 people per square mile (6.1/km2). There were 321 housing units at an average density of 8.1 per square mile (3.1/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 97.58% White, 0.32% Native American, 0.16% Asian, 1.29% from other races, and 0.64% from two or more races.

There were 238 households out of which 32.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.3% were married couples living together, 5.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.8% were non-families. 19.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 2.96.

In the town, the population was spread out with 25.9% under the age of 18, 6.0% from 18 to 24, 28.0% from 25 to 44, 30.4% from 45 to 64, and 9.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 98.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.0 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $35,750, and the median income for a family was $40,625. Males had a median income of $30,417 versus $21,667 for females. The per capita income for the town was $15,440. About 4.9% of families and 8.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.4% of those under age 18 and 18.3% of those age 65 or over.


The town is named for Eleazar Wheelock, founder of Dartmouth College in Hanover, New Hampshire. Through an old provision of the college, any full-time resident of Wheelock who is accepted as an undergraduate at Dartmouth may attend the school free of tuition. Between the 1890s and 2013, nine Wheelock Scholars attended Dartmouth College, including Ozias D. Mathewson (class of 1890), Harland Deos (class of 1939), Winston Shorey (class of 1941), Neil Barber (class of 1942), Arthur Bailey Jr. (class of 1956), Robert St. Louis (finished all requirements for graduation but died in an accident a week before commencement), Maura Nolan (class of 1988), George Hill (class of 2005), and Noah Manning (class of 2017).

Standing in the center of the village for many years was the old brick hotel, known as the Caledonia Spring House. In 1893, Myron D. Park, who served four years as a Wheelock selectman, sold the Caledonia Spring House to Marshall Way. The hotel was the site of a notorious murder on May 20, 1896, when owner Marshall Way killed his 44-year-old wife, Ellen Sheldon Way, in the dooryard. According to the St. Johnsbury Caledonian of May 22, 1896, "The little town of Wheelock was thrown into a state of wild excitement last Wednesday evening when the cry went around that Marshall Way had killed his wife. It was a terrible shock to the people of the quiet town, and it may be many days before they recover sufficiently to converse to any length upon another subject."

After the murder, the Caledonia Spring House was sold to Alden J. Rennie, owner of several mills in Sutton, Sheffield, and Wheelock. The building was dismantled during the 1990s after falling into disrepair. It was moved to Peacham where it is being restored on private property.

Wheelock, Vermont Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.