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Taylor, Texas
City
Moody Museum is the home of former Governor Dan Moody
Moody Museum is the home of former Governor Dan Moody
Motto: "The Zest of Texas"
Location of Taylor, Texas
Location of Taylor, Texas
Country United States
State Texas
County Williamson
Area
 • Total 13.6 sq mi (35.1 km2)
 • Land 13.5 sq mi (35.0 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.1 km2)
Elevation 564 ft (172 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 15,191
 • Density 1,117/sq mi (432.8/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 76574
Area code(s) 512 & 737
FIPS code 48-71948
GNIS feature ID 1369631
Website Taylor, Texas
Downtown Taylor on TX Hwy. 95, TX IMG 2227
Downtown Taylor on Main Street (Texas State Highway 95) as it heads south to intersect U.S. Highway 79.
Taylor, TX sign IMG 2214
Howard Theatre, Taylor, TX IMG 2235
Howard Theatre, owned by Georgetown attorney William Bryan Farney and his wife, Marsha Farney, the District 20 member of the Texas House of Representatives from Williamson County

Taylor is a city in Williamson County, Texas, United States. The population was 13,575 at the 2000 census; it was 15,191 at the 2010 census.

History

In 1876 the Texas Land Company auctioned lots in anticipation of the arrival of the International-Great Northern Railroad when Taylor was founded that year. The city was named after Edward Moses Taylor, a railroad official, under the name Taylorsville which officially became Taylor in 1892. Immigrants from Moravia and Bohemia (now the Czech Republic) and other Slavic states, as well as from Germany and Austria, helped establish the town. It soon became a busy shipping point for cattle, grain, and cotton.

By 1878 the town had 1,000 residents and thirty-two businesses, twenty-nine of which were destroyed by fire in 1879. Recovery was rapid, however, and more substantial buildings were constructed. In 1882 the Taylor, Bastrop and Houston Railway (later part of the Missouri-Kansas-Texas Railroad) reached the community, and machine shops and a roundhouse serviced both rail lines. In 1882 the town was incorporated with a mayor-council form of city government, and in 1883 a public school system replaced a number of private schools.

By 1890 Taylor had two banks and the first savings and loan institution in Texas. An electric company, a cotton compress, and several newspapers were among the new enterprises. A water line from the San Gabriel River, a 100-man volunteer fire department, imported and local entertainment, and an annual fair made noteworthy news items by 1900.

Since 1900, Taylor's population growth has averaged approximately 128 new residents per year, based on an estimated population of 1100 in the year 1900, and the population in 2010 of 15191, according to the U.S. Census Bureau. Between the years 2000 and 2010, the population grew 11.9%, from 13575 to 15191, about 1.2% per year.

Geography

Taylor is located at 30°34′21″N 97°25′00″W / 30.572371°N 97.416546°W / 30.572371; -97.416546Coordinates: 30°34′21″N 97°25′00″W / 30.572371°N 97.416546°W / 30.572371; -97.416546 (30.572371, -97.416546), about 9 miles east of Hutto and 8 miles south of Granger. Taylor is about 29 miles northeast of Austin.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 13.6 square miles (35.1 km²), of which, 13.5 square miles (35.0 km²) of it is land and 0.04 square miles (0.1 km²) of it (0.22%) is water.

Climate

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Taylor has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890 2,584
1900 4,211 63.0%
1910 5,314 26.2%
1920 5,965 12.3%
1930 7,463 25.1%
1940 7,875 5.5%
1950 9,071 15.2%
1960 9,434 4.0%
1970 9,616 1.9%
1980 10,619 10.4%
1990 11,472 8.0%
2000 13,575 18.3%
2010 15,191 11.9%
Est. 2015 16,702 9.9%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census of 2010, there were 15,191 people and approximately 5,300 households in the city. The population change between 2000 and 2010 was 11.9% (while the overall population change for the State of Texas was 20.6%).

The racial makeup of the city was 71.7% White, 10.2% African American, 1.2% Native American, 0.7% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, and 3.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 42.8% of the population.

7.7% of the population was under 5 years old, 27.5% were under 18 years old, and 11.9% were 65 years old or older.

The percent of high school graduates at age 25+ between the years 2005 and 2009 was 75.9%. The percentage of the population having a bachelor's degree or higher, age 25 or more, between the years of 2005 and 2009 was 17.6%. This is somewhat lower than the 25.4% Statewide average.

The Per-Capita Income of $18,859 was lower than the State average of $24,318, and the Median Household Income of $41,814 was lower than the State average of $48,199. The percentage of persons living at or below the poverty level in 2009 was 15.4%.

Transportation

  • Taylor (Amtrak station) The Amtrak station offers connectivity across the U.S. on the Texas Eagle rail line, that also connects with the Capital Area Rural Transportation System (CARTS) and Greyhound. The Amtrak station at Taylor is a platform only, with no restrooms, no ticket office, no lounge, no ATM and no WiFi.
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