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Taylor County, Texas facts for kids

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Taylor County
New Taylor County Courthouse in Abilene
New Taylor County Courthouse in Abilene
Map of Texas highlighting Taylor County
Location within the U.S. state of Texas
Map of the United States highlighting Texas
Texas's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 610: attempt to index field 'wikibase' (a nil value).
Country  United States
State  Texas
Founded 1878
Named for Edward, George, and James Taylor
Seat Abilene
Largest city Abilene
 • Total 919.3 sq mi (2,381 km2)
 • Land 915.6 sq mi (2,371 km2)
 • Water 3.8 sq mi (10 km2)  0.4%%
 • Total 131,506
 • Density 144/sq mi (56/km2)
Time zone UTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district 19th
Patriot exhibit, Taylor County Courthouse, Abilene, TX IMG 6321
A uniformed soldier on duty next to a bald eagle show eternal vigilance in an exhibit at the Taylor County Courthouse
1915 Taylor County Courthouse in 2015
The Old Taylor County Courthouse has limited use.

Taylor County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 131,506. Its county seat is Abilene. The county was created in 1858 and later organized in 1878. It is named for Edward Taylor, George Taylor, and James Taylor, three brothers who died at the Battle of the Alamo.

Taylor County is included in the Abilene, TX metropolitan statistical area, and is considered part of West Texas.


  • Among first inhabitants were the Penteka.
  • 1849 Capt. Randolph Marcy, U. S. Army engineer passes through scouting out West Texas to California routes.
  • 1858 The Texas legislature establishes Taylor County from Bexar and Travis counties. The county is named for Alamo defenders Edward, James, and George Taylor. Butterfield Overland Mail establishes the Mountain Pass Station at Merkel, in continual use until 1861.
  • 1872 First cattlemen venture into present Taylor County.
  • 1878 Taylor County is organized. Buffalo Gap is named county seat.
  • 1880 Texas & Pacific Railroad signs an agreement to run tracks through the future city of Abilene.
  • 1881 Abilene is established and named after Abilene, Kansas.
  • 1883 Abilene becomes the county seat. Wagon train of ten Baptist families arrives in the county.
  • 1890 Abilene Board of Trade is organized.There are 587 farms and ranches in the county.
  • 1891 Hardin-Simmons University is established as Abilene Baptist College by the Sweetwater Baptist Association.
  • 1897 Lytle Lake is created.
  • 1904 State Epileptic Colony opens in Abilene.
  • 1906 Abilene Christian University opens its doors as Childers Classical Institute.
  • 1924 Hendricks Medical Center opens in Abilene as West Texas Baptist Sanitarium. West Texas Historical Association is chartered in Abilene.
  • 1926 The first senior class of McMurry University graduates.
  • 1929 Oil is discovered in the county.
  • 1933 Abilene donates land for use by the Civilian Conservation Corps.
  • 1942 Dyess Air Force Base is established as Abilene AFB. It is named in honor of Texas native and Bataan Death March survivor Lieutenant Colonel William Dyess.
  • 1950 The Abilene Philharmonic Orchestra is created, with Jay Dietzer as the first conductor.
  • 1956 Buffalo Gap Historic Village opens.
  • 1998 The Ranch Horse Association of America is formed in Abilene.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 919 square miles (2,380 km2), of which 916 square miles (2,370 km2) is land and 3.8 square miles (9.8 km2) (0.4%) is water.

Major highways

  • I-20 (TX).svg Interstate 20
  • Business Loop 20.svg Interstate 20 Business
  • US 83.svg U.S. Highway 83
  • US 84.svg U.S. Highway 84
  • US 277.svg U.S. Highway 277
  • Texas 36.svg State Highway 36
  • Texas 153.svg State Highway 153
  • Texas 351.svg State Highway 351
  • Texas Loop 322.svg Loop 322

Adjacent counties


Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 1,736
1890 6,957 300.7%
1900 10,499 50.9%
1910 26,293 150.4%
1920 24,081 −8.4%
1930 41,023 70.4%
1940 44,147 7.6%
1950 63,370 43.5%
1960 101,078 59.5%
1970 97,853 −3.2%
1980 110,932 13.4%
1990 119,655 7.9%
2000 126,555 5.8%
2010 131,506 3.9%
2019 (est.) 138,034 5.0%
U.S. Decennial Census
1850–2010 2010–2019

As of the census of 2000, 126,555 people, 47,274 households, and 32,524 families resided in the county. The population density was 138 people per square mile (53/km2). The 52,056 housing units averaged 57 per mi2 (22/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 80.61% White, 6.73% Black or African American, 0.58% Native American, 1.25% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 8.35% from other races, and 2.42% from two or more races. About 17.64% of the population was Hispanic or Latino of any race.

Of the 47,274 households, 34.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.80% were married couples living together, 11.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.20% were not families. About 25.70% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 3.07.

In the county, the age distribution was as 26.60% under 18, 13.80% from 18 to 24, 27.80% from 25 to 44, 19.30% from 45 to 64, and 12.40% who were 65 or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $34,035, and for a family was $40,859. Males had a median income of $28,964 versus $21,021 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,176. About 10.40% of families and 14.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.60% of those under age 18 and 9.20% of those age 65 or over.




Census-designated place

Unincorporated communities

Military base

  • Dyess AFB
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