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Tumwater, Washington
Panoramic view of the upper falls and the former Olympia Brewery, 2011
Panoramic view of the upper falls and the former Olympia Brewery, 2011
Location of Tumwater, Washington
Location of Tumwater, Washington
Coordinates: 47°0′28″N 122°54′40″W / 47.00778°N 122.91111°W / 47.00778; -122.91111Coordinates: 47°0′28″N 122°54′40″W / 47.00778°N 122.91111°W / 47.00778; -122.91111
Country United States
State Washington
County Thurston
Incorporated November 25, 1869
Government
 • Type Mayor–council
Area
 • Total 17.76 sq mi (46.00 km2)
 • Land 17.50 sq mi (45.32 km2)
 • Water 0.26 sq mi (0.67 km2)
Elevation
174 ft (53 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total 17,371
 • Estimate 
(2019)
24,024
 • Density 1,372.80/sq mi (530.04/km2)
Time zone UTC-8 (Pacific (PST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-7 (PDT)
ZIP codes
98501, 98511, 98512
Area code 360
FIPS code 53-72905
GNIS feature ID 1512742
Tumwater Falls
Tumwater Falls of the Deschutes River

Tumwater is a city in Thurston County, Washington, United States. The population was 17,371 at the 2010 census. It is situated near where the Deschutes River enters Budd Inlet, the southernmost point of Puget Sound; it also borders the state capital of Olympia to the north. Tumwater is the oldest permanent Anglo-American settlement on Puget Sound.

Geography

Tumwater is located at 47°0′28″N 122°54′40″W / 47.00778°N 122.91111°W / 47.00778; -122.91111 (47.007768, -122.911074). The city that borders Tumwater is Olympia.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 14.49 square miles (37.53 km2), of which, 14.32 square miles (37.09 km2) is land and 0.17 square miles (0.44 km2) is water.

Climate

This region experiences warm and dry summers, with average monthly temperatures between 71.6 °F (22° C) and 98.1 °F (36.7° C). According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Tumwater has a Very warm-summer Mediterranean climate, abbreviated "Csb" on climate maps.

Demographics

Based on per capita income, one of the more reliable measures of affluence, Tumwater ranks 89th of 522 areas in the state of Washington to be ranked. It is also the highest rank in Thurston County.

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 354
1880 171 −51.7%
1890 410 139.8%
1900 270 −34.1%
1910 490 81.5%
1920 472 −3.7%
1930 793 68.0%
1940 955 20.4%
1950 2,725 185.3%
1960 3,885 42.6%
1970 5,373 38.3%
1980 6,705 24.8%
1990 9,976 48.8%
2000 12,698 27.3%
2010 17,371 36.8%
2019 (est.) 24,024 38.3%
U.S. Decennial Census
2018 Estimate

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 17,371 people, 7,566 households, and 4,460 families living in the city. The population density was 1,213.1 inhabitants per square mile (468.4/km2). There were 8,064 housing units at an average density of 563.1 per square mile (217.4/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 85.0% White, 1.7% African American, 1.2% Native American, 4.8% Asian, 0.5% Pacific Islander, 1.6% from other races, and 5.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.2% of the population.

There were 7,566 households, of which 28.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.9% were married couples living together, 13.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.9% had a male householder with no wife present, and 41.1% were non-families. 31.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.27 and the average family size was 2.83.

The median age in the city was 35 years. 27% of residents were under the age of 18, 10% from 18 to 24; 31.7% were between the ages of 25 and 44; 26.8% from 45 to 64; and 13% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.7% male and 52.3% female.

Education

The Tumwater School District is home to numerous schools including Tumwater High School and Black Hills High School.

Old Olympia Brewery as seen from Tumwater, WA park
The original brewery that produced Olympia Beer, pictured in 2012
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