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United States House of Representatives
116th United States Congress
Seal of the U.S. House of Representatives
Seal of the House
Flag of the United States House of Representatives
Flag of the U.S. House of Representatives
Type
Type
Term limits
None
History
New session started
January 3, 2019 (2019-01-03)
Leadership
Nancy Pelosi (D)
Since January 3, 2019
Steny Hoyer (D)
Since January 3, 2019
Kevin McCarthy (R)
Since January 3, 2019
Jim Clyburn (D)
Since January 3, 2019
Steve Scalise (R)
Since January 3, 2019
Don Young (R)
Since December 5, 2017
Structure
Seats 435 voting members
6 non-voting members
in total ≤441 members
218 for a majority
Political groups

Majority (232)

     Democratic (232)

Minority (196)

     Republican (196)

Other (1)

     Libertarian (1)

Vacant (6)

     Vacant (6)
Length of term
2 years
Elections
Last election
November 6, 2018
Next election
November 3, 2020
Redistricting State legislatures or redistricting commissions, varies by state
Meeting place
United States House of Representatives chamber.jpg
House of Representatives Chamber
United States Capitol
Washington, D.C.
United States of America


The United States House of Representatives is a part of the United States (U. S.) Congress. Congress is the legislature of the U. S. government and makes federal laws. The other part of Congress is the U. S. Senate. There are maximum 435 members in the United States House of Representatives. These members are called U. S. Representatives or just representatives.

The number of representatives from each state depends on the number of people in that state, the population, but there is at least one U. S. representative from each of the 50 states. Every 10 years, the United States Census Bureau counts the population of the United States. States gain or lose Representatives based on the count. The House of Representatives is in one of the two wings in the U.S. Capitol building. The other wing is for the Senate. Sometimes the House of Representatives is informally called the House. The chairman/chairperson in the U.S. House of Representatives is called the Speaker of the House. The current Speaker is Nancy Pelosi.

According to the U.S. Constitution, all bills about raising revenue, which includes taxes, must start in the House of Representatives. Also, the House of Representatives has the sole power to impeach certain officials, such as the president or federal judges. According to the U.S. Constitution, the House of Representatives can expel, or impeach, one of its representatives by a vote of at least two-thirds of its members.

The House currently has 233 Democrats, 196 Republicans, 1 Libertarian and 5 undecided seats.

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