Vianden facts for kids

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Vianden and the Castle of Vianden
Vianden and the Castle of Vianden
Coat of arms of Vianden
Coat of arms
Map showing, in orange, the Vianden commune
Map showing, in orange, the Vianden commune
Country  Luxembourg
Canton Vianden
Commune Vianden
 • Total 9.7 km2 (3.7 sq mi)
Highest elevation 515 m (1,690 ft)
Lowest elevation 198 m (650 ft)
Population (2016)
 • Total 1,918
 • Density 197.7/km2 (512.1/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
LAU2 LU00004003
Website Official website

Vianden (Luxembourgish: Veianen) is a commune with city status in north-eastern Luxembourg, capital of the canton Vianden.


The name of the town of Vianden is derived from the Gallic word vien which means "rocky". Already in the year 1256, Vianden is cited as a city, but it is only since 1308 that legally holds the title of city.


The commune is in the Oesling, a region within the greater Ardennes area. Vianden is in the valley of the river Our, a tributary of the Sauer river, near the border between Luxembourg and Germany.

It has an area of 9.7 km2 (3.7 sq mi). The altitude is 198–515 m (650–1,690 ft) high. At the church, the altitude is 224 m (735 ft) high.

Vianden is surrounded by two communes of Luxembourg: Tandel to the south and west; and Putscheid to the northwest. To the north, west and southwest,Vianden borders with four municipalities of the Eifelkreis Bitburg-Prüm district of the German state of Rhineland-Palatinateː Waldhof-Falkenstein and Bauler to the north, Körperich to the east and Roth an der Our to the southeast.


As of 1 January  2016 (2016 -01-01), there are 1,918 persons living in the commune, for a population density of 197.7 inhabitants/km².

Places of interest

Some historic buildings in the commune areː

  • The Vianden Castle (French: Château de Vianden, German: Burg Vianden Luxembourgish: Buerg Veianen) is one of the largest fortified castles west of the Rhine river. With origins dating from the 10th century, the castle was built in the Romanesque style from the 11th to 14th centuries.
  • The Church of the Trinitarians, built in 1248 with its Gothiccloister.
  • The City Hall, built in 1679.
  • The St. Nicolas Church, built in the thirteenth century.

People from or related to Vianden

  • Yolanda of Vianden, (1231–83), youngest daughter of Count Henry I, who joined the Convent of Marienthal.
  • Victor Hugo (1802–85), the famous French author, who stayed in Vianden on several occasions between 1862 and 1871.
  • Edmond de la Fontaine (1823–91) otherwise known as Dicks, Luxembourg's national poet, who also wrote Vianden's first travel guide.
  • René Engelmann (1880–1915), a linguist and novelist, who established the basic grammar of the Luxembourgish dialect, later to become a national language.

Twinned and partner towns

Vianden is twinned with:


Related pages

Images for kids

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