Waltham Cross facts for kids

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Waltham Cross
Waltham Cross.JPG
The Eleanor Cross
Waltham Cross shown within Hertfordshire
Population 7,407 {2011 Census.Ward}
OS grid reference TL360003
• London 12 mi (19 km) SSW
District
  • Broxbourne
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town WALTHAM CROSS
Postcode district EN8
Dialling code 01992
Police Hertfordshire
Fire Hertfordshire
Ambulance East of England
EU Parliament East of England
UK Parliament
  • Broxbourne
List of places
UK
England
HertfordshireCoordinates: 51°41′10″N 0°01′59″W / 51.686°N 0.0331°W / 51.686; -0.0331

Waltham Cross is a suburban dormitory town in the Borough of Broxbourne, Hertfordshire. It is 12 miles NNE of central London, immediately north of the London Borough of Enfield and located within the Greater London Urban Area and London Metropolitan Area. The Waltham Cross post town additionally includes the neighbouring town of Cheshunt and a small part of Enfield.

Geography

The town falls within the Borough of Broxbourne, Hertfordshire, but is also considered part of the metropolitan area of London, and the Greater London Urban Area. Waltham Abbey lies to the east, Cheshunt to the north, and Enfield to the south. The M25 motorway runs immediately south of the town, bordering the area of Freezywater. The Waltham Cross post town includes the neighbouring town of Cheshunt, and some northern sections of Enfield, including the Holmesdale Estate. Waltham Cross is the most southeasterly town within the county of Hertfordshire, and has been part of the Borough of Broxbourne since 1974.

History

Waltham Cross formed part of the ancient parish of Cheshunt in the Hertford hundred of Hertfordshire. It formed part of Cheshunt Urban District from 1894 to 1974. In April 1974 the town together with Cheshunt and the Hoddesdon urban district councils merged to form the Borough of Broxbourne. The town takes its name from the Eleanor Cross which stands in its centre.

The Eleanor Cross

At the centre of the town is one of the three surviving medieval Eleanor crosses, a memorial commemorating the over-night resting place of the coffin of Eleanor of Castile, wife of King Edward I, on its processional journey from Lincoln to Westminster Abbey in 1290.

In the early 18th century the monument was surveyed by the Society of Antiquaries of London who, advocating its conservation, printed and illustrated the results in the pages of Vetusta Monumenta in 1721. However, restoration did not take place until 1832, when extensive rebuilding was carried out under WB Clarke. A further major restoration was carried out in 1885–92, and yet another in 1950–53.

The cross is hexagonal in plan, in three stages. The main stage has three statues of the Queen, each standing in a niche under a canopy, while the other three faces have a niche bisected by a buttress. The original sculptures were by Alexander of Abingdon. These have been replaced in the course of restoration, but one of the originals can be seen on display at the Victoria and Albert Museum.

Four Swannes sign

The High Street is spanned by a gantry sign supporting four sculpted swans. It was originally the sign of the now-demolished Four Swans (or "Swannes") public house. The present sign is a replica erected in 2007. The original signs are now kept at Lowewood Museum, Hoddesdon.

Transport

The area is served by two railway stations, on different lines in London fare zone 7. The main Waltham Cross railway station has services to south to London Liverpool Street and Stratford railway station via Tottenham Hale railway station with links to the Victoria line. To the north services run to Hertford East railway station or Bishops Stortford railway station.

Preceding station National Rail National Rail Following station
Tottenham Hale   Abellio Greater Anglia
West Anglia Main Line
  Cheshunt
Enfield Lock   Abellio Greater Anglia
Lea Valley Lines
  Cheshunt
    Future Development    
Preceding station   Crossrail   Following station
toward [[Template:S-line/LCR left/Line 2 railway station|Template:S-line/LCR left/Line 2]]
Crossrail
toward [[Template:S-line/LCR right/Line 2 railway station|Template:S-line/LCR right/Line 2]]

Theobalds Grove railway station to the north of the town centre also provides services to London Liverpool street via Seven Sisters station which also provides links to the Victoria line.

The station and its services are run by London Overground.

Preceding station   London Overground National Rail London Overground   Following station
towards [[Template:S-line/LOG left/Enfield & Cheshunt railway station|Template:S-line/LOG left/Enfield & Cheshunt]]
Enfield & Cheshunt Line
Cheshunt
towards [[Template:S-line/LOG right/Enfield & Cheshunt railway station|Template:S-line/LOG right/Enfield & Cheshunt]]

There is a large bus station in the town centre where many London Buses routes terminate and link with services further out of London. It is served by London Buses routes 217, 242, 250, 279, 310, 317, 327, 491, night bus N279 and commercial bus services.

Nearest Places


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