Washington, Georgia facts for kids
Quick facts for kids
|City of Washington|
|Founded by||Stephen Heard|
|Named for||George Washington|
|• Total||7.75 sq mi (20.08 km2)|
|• Land||7.70 sq mi (19.94 km2)|
|• Water||0.05 sq mi (0.14 km2)|
|Elevation||607 ft (185 m)|
|• Density||487.66/sq mi (188.29/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (EDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||0356620|
Washington is the county seat of Wilkes County, Georgia, United States. Under its original name Heard's Fort, it was briefly designated as the state capital during the American Revolutionary War. It is noted as the place where the Confederacy voted to dissolve itself, effectively ending the American Civil War.
The population was 4,134 as of the 2010 census. The city is often referred to as Washington-Wilkes, to distinguish it from other places named Washington.
The Battle of Kettle Creek, one of the most important battles of the American Revolutionary War to be fought in Georgia, was fought on February 14, 1779 in Wilkes County, about eight miles (13 km) from present day Washington. The battle resulted in a victory for the American Patriots who took 75 prisoners, and killed roughly 70 Loyalists, while losing 32 men.
Washington in the Civil War
Although no major battles of the Civil War were fought in or near Washington, the city has the distinction of being the location where Jefferson Davis held the last meeting with the Confederate cabinet. On April 3, 1865, with Union troops under Ulysses S. Grant poised to capture Richmond, Jefferson Davis escaped for Danville, Virginia, together with the Confederate cabinet. After leaving Danville, and continuing south, Davis met with his Confederate Cabinet for the last time on May 5, 1865 in Washington, along with a hand-picked escort led by Given Campbell, including his personal Body Guard Sgt. Joseph A Higgenbotham, Jr., of Amherst/Nelson County, Virginia. The meeting took place at the Heard house (the Georgia Branch Bank Building), with fourteen officials present.
One of Washington's most lingering mysteries is that of the lost Confederate gold. As the last recorded location of the remaining Confederate gold, the Washington area is thought to be the site where it is buried. Worth roughly $100,000 when it disappeared in 1865, at 2016 prices it's value would be around $3.6 million. The cable television channel A&E produced a documentary focusing on this legend.
Washington's list of "firsts"
The city of Washington claims to be first in many historical events:
- First Catholic parish 1790
- First city in the nation to be established in the name of George Washington, 1780
- First Baptist church in upper Georgia at Fishing Creek, 1783
- First Methodist church in Georgia was organized at Grant's Meeting House in Wilkes County, 1787
- First Presbyterian minister ordained in Georgia was John Springer in Wilkes County, 1790
- First Episcopal conference not under the Church of England, 1788
- First successful cotton gin perfected and set up by Eli Whitney in Wilkes county, 1795.
- First woman newspaper editor in U.S. was Sarah Porter Hillhouse who became the editor of the Monitor in 1804 (inducted into Georgia Women of Achievement in 2006).
- First cotton mill in Georgia erected on Upton Creek in Wilkes County, 1811
- First stamp mill for gold in the world was invented and put into use near Washington by Jeremiah Griffin, 1831–32.
- One of the first plastic garments ever cut in the world was in Wilkes County by Margo and Alfred Moses in February 1946.
- First seat of government of the State of Georgia, 1780.
- In 1777, Wilkes County became the first county in Georgia. Washington is the county seat of Wilkes County.
Washington is located at(33.735394, −82.741420).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 7.9 square miles (20 km2), of which 7.8 square miles (20 km2) is land and 0.04 square miles (0.10 km2) (0.25%) is water.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
|Black or African American||2,277||60.66%|
|Hispanic or Latino||93||2.48%|
As of the 2020 United States Census, there were 3,754 people, 1,646 households, and 904 families residing in the city.
As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 4,134 people living in the city. The racial makeup of the city was 60.4% Black, 35.3% White, 0.1% Native American, 0.7% Asian, 0.2% from some other race and 1.7% from two or more races. 1.5% were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
Heard's Fort was built as a stockade in 1774 by Stephen Heard. Heard's Fort was designated the Seat of Government for Georgia on February 3, 1780, a position it held until 1781.
The Wilkes County School District holds pre-school to grade twelve, and consists of one primary school, one elementary school, a middle school, and a high school. The district has 116 full-time teachers and over 1,858 students.
- Washington-Wilkes Elementary School
- Washington-Wilkes Primary School
- Washington-Wilkes Middle School
- Washington-Wilkes Comprehensive High School
Dr. Rosemary Caddell is the Superintendent of Schools.
- Edward Porter Alexander – officer in the U.S. Army, Confederate general in the American Civil War, railroad executive
- James Osgood Andrew – bishop
- Edward McKendree Bounds – clergyman and author
- Lloyd D. Brown – United States Army major general who commanded the 28th Infantry Division in World War II
- Ernie Harwell – broadcaster for Major League Baseball, "The Voice of the Tigers"
- Hillary Lindsey – Grammy Award–winning songwriter
- Tom Nash – professional football and baseball player
- Robert Toombs – first Secretary of State of the Confederacy, slaveholder, Confederate general in the Civil War
- William Henry Pope – Texas politician
- Fred Thomas– guitarist for James Brown
Washington, Georgia Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.