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Woburn Sands Formation facts for kids

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Woburn Sands Formation
Stratigraphic range: Late Aptian- Early Albian
Type Geological formation
Unit of Lower Greensand Group
Underlies Gault Formation
Overlies Jurassic or older rocks, usually mudstones of the Ancholme Group like the Oxford Clay, Kimmeridge Clay and Ampthill Clay
Thickness up to 120 metres (390 ft)
Primary Sandstone
Other Clay
Region Europe
Country  England
Extent Bedfordshire, Buckinghamshire, Cambridgeshire
Type section
Named for Woburn, Bedfordshire
Location Disused fuller's earth workings between Woburn Sands and Woburn

The Woburn Sands Formation is a geological formation in England. Part of the Lower Greensand Group, it is the only unit of the group where it occurs, and thus is sometimes simply referred to as the 'Lower Greensand' in these areas. It was deposited during the late Aptian to early Albian stages of the Early Cretaceous. The lithology consists of sandstone or loose sand with rare wisps or thin seams of clay. The formation was extensively exploited in the 19th century for the "coprolite industry", with coprolite being a local term referring to phosphate nodules of varying origins (often the internal moulds of shells), named due to their resemblance to real coprolites. The formation contains reworked fossils of late Tithonian-Berriasian age from deposits that are no longer found locally, equivalent in age to the Sandringham Sand Formation in Norfolk and the Spilsby Sandstone of Lincolnshire, these include Dicranodonta and the ammonite Subcraspedites. Reworked dinosaur material is known from the Potton locality within the formation.

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