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Wolf Point, Montana
City
Roosevelt County Courthouse in Wolf Point
Roosevelt County Courthouse in Wolf Point
Location of Wolf Point, Montana
Location of Wolf Point, Montana
Country United States
State Montana
County Roosevelt
Incorporated (city) 1915
Area
 • City 0.88 sq mi (2.28 km2)
 • Land 0.88 sq mi (2.28 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 2,000 ft (609 m)
Population (2010)
 • City 2,621
 • Estimate (2015) 2,850
 • Density 2,978.4/sq mi (1,150.0/km2)
 • Urban 3,427
 • Urban density 3,909.6/sq mi (1,509.5/km2)
Time zone Mountain Standard Time (MST) (UTC−7)
 • Summer (DST) Mountain Daylight Time (MDT) (UTC−6)
ZIP code 59201
Area code(s) 406
FIPS code 30-81475
GNIS feature ID 0778652
Website http://ci.wolf-point.mt.us/

Wolf Point is a city in and the county seat of Roosevelt County, Montana, United States. The population was 2,621 at the 2010 census. It is the largest community on the Fort Peck Indian Reservation. Wolf Point is the home of the annual Wild Horse Stampede, held every year during the second weekend of July. Wolf Point's Wild Horse Stampede is the oldest rodeo in Montana, and has been called the "Grandaddy of Montana Rodeos".

Geography

Topography

Wolf Point is located in north-eastern Montana in the wide, shallow valley of the Missouri River, just below its confluence with Wolf Creek. Wolf Point is situated on the High Plains of eastern Montana. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.88 square miles (2.28 km2), all of it land.

The city is located on the north bank of the Missouri River, the southern part occupying the ancestral floodplain of that river. The northern part occupies south facing, low-lying hills overlooking a terrace. The central business district is located in the described southern portion.

Climate

Wolf Point experiences a semi-arid steppe climate (BSkw), with generally cold, dry winters and hot summers. Late spring and early summer is on average the wettest period of the year. During the summer warm, humid air masses more typical of a warm summer continental climate (Dfb) may move into the area from the south or east. Summertime thunderstorms commonly occur and sometimes can be severe featuring hail and, infrequently, funnel clouds or tornados.

Cold waves may cover the area 6 to 12 times per winter, with temperatures well below 0 °F (−17.8 °C). Between cold waves there are sometimes periods of longer than 10 days of mild, but often windy weather caused by chinook winds. These winds cause temperatures to rise rapidly, often giving relief in the form of mild temperatures in the coldest months of the year.

Climate data for Wolf Point, extremes 1974-present
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 57
(13.9)
71
(21.7)
80
(26.7)
95
(35)
102
(38.9)
112
(44.4)
107
(41.7)
109
(42.8)
105
(40.6)
93
(33.9)
74
(23.3)
66
(18.9)
112
(44.4)
Average high °F (°C) 23.1
(-4.94)
31.9
(-0.06)
44.7
(7.06)
60.6
(15.89)
72.2
(22.33)
81.2
(27.33)
88.0
(31.11)
87.4
(30.78)
74.9
(23.83)
61.1
(16.17)
41.4
(5.22)
27.7
(-2.39)
57.85
(14.361)
Daily mean °F (°C) 11.4
(-11.44)
19.9
(-6.72)
32.0
(0)
46.0
(7.78)
57.7
(14.28)
66.4
(19.11)
72.2
(22.33)
71.4
(21.89)
58.8
(14.89)
46.6
(8.11)
29.4
(-1.44)
15.9
(-8.94)
43.98
(6.653)
Average low °F (°C) −0.4
(-18)
7.8
(-13.44)
19.3
(-7.06)
31.4
(-0.33)
43.1
(6.17)
51.6
(10.89)
56.4
(13.56)
55.3
(12.94)
42.6
(5.89)
32.0
(0)
17.3
(-8.17)
4.1
(-15.5)
30.04
(-1.088)
Record low °F (°C) −42
(-41.1)
−38
(-38.9)
−31
(-35)
0
(-17.8)
17
(-8.3)
33
(0.6)
35
(1.7)
34
(1.1)
8
(-13.3)
−10
(-23.3)
−22
(-30)
−44
(-42.2)
−44
(-42.2)
Precipitation inches (mm) 0.45
(11.4)
0.25
(6.4)
0.50
(12.7)
0.79
(20.1)
1.69
(42.9)
2.55
(64.8)
1.87
(47.5)
1.21
(30.7)
1.23
(31.2)
0.70
(17.8)
0.40
(10.2)
0.34
(8.6)
11.98
(304.3)
Source #1: NOAA (normals, 1971–2000)
Source #2: xMACIS2 (records)

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1920 2,098
1930 1,539 −26.6%
1940 1,960 27.4%
1950 2,557 30.5%
1960 3,585 40.2%
1970 3,095 −13.7%
1980 3,074 −0.7%
1990 2,880 −6.3%
2000 2,663 −7.5%
2010 2,621 −1.6%
Est. 2015 2,850 8.7%
U.S. Decennial Census
2015 Estimate

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 2,621 people, 952 households, and 635 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,978.4 inhabitants per square mile (1,150.0/km2). There were 1,080 housing units at an average density of 1,227.3 per square mile (473.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 42.5% White, 0.2% African American, 50.5% Native American, 1.2% Asian, and 5.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.6% of the population.

There were 952 households of which 38.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.4% were married couples living together, 18.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 6.8% had a male householder with no wife present, and 33.3% were non-families. 27.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.65 and the average family size was 3.25.

The median age in the city was 33.7 years. 29.1% of residents were under the age of 18; 9.3% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 22.7% were from 25 to 44; 26.2% were from 45 to 64; and 12.5% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 46.9% male and 53.1% female.

2000 census

As of the census of 2000, there were 2,663 people, 981 households, and 685 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,024.8 people per square mile (1,168.4/km²). There were 1,091 housing units at an average density of 1,239.2 per square mile (478.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 55.73% White, 0.04% African American, 40.52% Native American, 1.01% Asian, 0.34% from other races, and 2.37% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.61% of the population.

There were 981 households out of which 37.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.5% were married couples living together, 15.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.1% were non-families. 26.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.63 and the average family size was 3.14.

In the city, the age distribution of the population shows 31.0% under the age of 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 25.5% from 25 to 44, 20.0% from 45 to 64, and 15.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 90.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $27,962, and the median income for a family was $33,681. Males had a median income of $26,325 versus $23,333 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,605. About 17.0% of families and 17.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.1% of those under age 18 and 5.7% of those age 65 or over.

Culture

Street in Wolf Point Montana (1941)
Street in Wolf Point, 1941. Photo by Marion Post Wolcott.

Media

Wolf Point is served by two weekly newspapers, the Wolf Point Herald-News, and the Poplar, Montana, based Fort Peck Journal. A third paper funded by Fort Peck tribal government, the Wotanin Wowapi, ceased publication on January 28, 2008.

Locally owned radio stations are KVCK (AM) 1450 and KVCK-FM 92.7.

Wolf Point and Roosevelt County are part of the Minot-Bismark-Dickinson local television media market (DMA). Broadcast television can be received, either directly or via translator, from KWSE 4 (PBS), KUMV 8 (NBC), and KXMD 11 (CBS) all based in Williston, North Dakota; and KFBB 5 (ABC/FOX) based in Great Falls, Montana.

Attractions and recreation

Wolf Point Montana Park
Park in Wolf Point

The Wolf Point Area Museum provides a glimpse into local history. Open seasonally from May to September, the museum is located in a renovated farm implement sales building on U.S. Highway 2 which allows for extensive display of the museum's collections. The Wolf Point Area Historical Society purchased the Hansen Implement building in July, 2007, and after a fund raising campaign opened in the new location in June, 2010.

The historic Lewis and Clark Bridge (Wolf Point Bridge) crosses the Missouri River six miles southeast of the city on Montana Highway 13. The adjacent 40-acre (16 ha) Lewis and Clark Fishing Access Site also known as Bridge Park provides access to fishing, boating, rafting, wildlife viewing, and picnicking on the Missouri River. The boat access ramp, damaged during the 2011 Missouri River floods, was replaced during the summer of 2012.

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