|An Adélie penguin|
(Hombron and Jacquinot, 1841)
The Adélie penguin (Pygoscelis adeliae) is a penguin that is all black except for a white chest and belly, and a white ring around their eyes. There are about 2.5 million Adélie penguins in the Southern Ocean around Antarctica. Adélie penguins travel the furthest to breed because they build their nests from stones and need to find stones. Adélies come ashore to breed in the summer. In the winter, they live on ice that floats off the Antarctic shore.
Chicks and eggs
Adélie parents take turns keeping their chicks warm and fed. While one watches the nest, the other goes into the ocean to catch krill. The penguins carry the krill back to the nest in their stomachs. Then they regurgitate it to feed their chicks.
Adélie penguins are the smallest penguins in Antarctica. They weigh only about 8.5 pounds (the weight of a house cat). They are about 28 inches tall.
Images for kids
Adélie penguin chicks in Antarctica, with MS Explorer and an iceberg in the background
Adélie penguin Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.