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South Georgia
South Georgia Island as seen by Sentinel-2.jpg
February 2018 ESA satellite photograph of South Georgia
Map of South Georgia Island
Location South Atlantic
Coordinates 54°24′S 36°42′W / 54.4°S 36.7°W / -54.4; -36.7
Archipelago South Georgia group
Area 3,528 km2 (1,362 sq mi)
Length 170 km (106 mi)
Width 35 km (21.7 mi)
Highest elevation 2,934 m (9,626 ft)
Highest point Mount Paget
Largest settlement King Edward Point
Population 32 (summer)
16 (winter)

South Georgia (Spanish: Isla San Pedro) is an island in the southern Atlantic Ocean that is part of the British Overseas Territory of South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands. It lies around 1,400 kilometres (870 mi) east of the Falkland Islands. Stretching in the east–west direction, South Georgia is around 170 kilometres (106 mi) long and has a maximum width of 35 kilometres (22 mi). The terrain is mountainous, with the central ridge rising to 2,935 metres (9,629 ft) at Mount Paget. The northern coast is indented with numerous bays and fjords, serving as good harbours.

Discovered by Europeans in 1675, South Georgia had no indigenous population due to its harsh climate and remoteness. Captain James Cook in HMS Resolution made the first landing, survey and mapping of the island, and on 17 January 1775 he claimed it a British possession, naming it "Isle of Georgia" after King George III. Through its history, it served as a whaling and seal hunting base, with intermittent population scattered in several whaling bases, the most important historically being Grytviken. The main settlement and the capital today is King Edward Point near Grytviken, a British Antarctic Survey research station, with a population of about 20 people.

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Isla San Pedro (Georgia del Sur) para niños

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