Ada, Oklahoma facts for kids

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Ada, Oklahoma
City
Pontotoc County Courthouse in Ada
Pontotoc County Courthouse in Ada
Location in the state of Oklahoma
Location in the state of Oklahoma
Country United States
State Oklahoma
County Pontotoc
Post Office 1891
Area
 • Total 15.8 sq mi (40.8 km2)
 • Land 15.7 sq mi (40.7 km2)
 • Water .1 sq mi (.2 km2)  0%
Elevation 1,010 ft (308 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 17,140
 • Density 1,077.2/sq mi (417.1/km2)
 • Demonym Adan
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes 74820-74821
Area code(s) 580
FIPS code 40-00200
GNIS feature ID 1089523
Website adaok.com

Ada is a city in and the county seat of Pontotoc County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 16,810 at the 2010 census, an increase of 7.1 percent from 15,691 at the 2000 census. The city was named for Ada Reed, the daughter of an early settler, and was incorporated in 1901. Ada is home to East Central University, and is the headquarters of the Chickasaw Nation.

Ada is an Oklahoma Main Street City, an Oklahoma Certified City, and a Tree City USA member.

History

In the late 1880s, the Daggs family (by way of Texas) became the first white family to settle what is now known as Ada, which was formerly known as Daggs Prairie. In April 1889, Jeff Reed (a native Texan, and relative of the Daggs family) was appointed to carry the mail from Stonewall to Center (which was later combined with Pickett), two small communities in then Indian Territory. With his family and his stock, he sought a place for a home on a prairie midway between the two points, where he constructed a log house and started Reed's Store. Other settlers soon built homes nearby. In 1891, a post office was established and named after Reed's oldest daughter, Ada. Ada incorporated as a city in 1901 and grew rapidly with the arrival of the St. Louis and San Francisco Railway line. Within a decade the Santa Fe Railroad and the Oklahoma Central Railway also served the town.

In 1909, the women of Ada organized an effort to build a normal school in their city. It resulted in the founding of East Central College (now East Central University).

On April 19, 1909, an organized mob hanged four men set to be tried for the murder of a former U.S. marshal and member of the local freemason lodge. The town had a population of about 5,000 at the time, and 38 murders a year at the time of the lynching. The Daily Ardmoreite reported that the four lynched men were "one of the bloodiest band of murderers in the state of Oklahoma and an organization of professional assassins, that for a record of blood crimes, probably has no equal in the annals of criminal history in the entire southwest."

The first manufacturing company in Ada, the Portland Cement Company, installed the first cement clinker in Oklahoma in 1910. American Glass Casket Company began manufacturing glass caskets in 1916, but the business failed. Hazel Atlas Glass bought the plant in 1928 and produced glass products until 1991.

Geography

Ada is located in the rolling hills of southeastern Oklahoma. Ada is 88 miles (142 km) from Oklahoma City, 122 mi (196 km) from Tulsa, and 133 mi (214 km) from Dallas, Texas.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 15.8 square miles (40.9 km2), of which 15.7 square miles (40.7 km2) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.3 km2) (0.44%) is water.

Climate

Climate data for Ada, Oklahoma
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 84
(28.9)
90
(32.2)
96
(35.6)
99
(37.2)
100
(37.8)
106
(41.1)
109
(42.8)
116
(46.7)
109
(42.8)
98
(36.7)
88
(31.1)
85
(29.4)
116
(-17.8)
Average high °F (°C) 51
(10.6)
56
(13.3)
65
(18.3)
75
(23.9)
80
(26.7)
89
(31.7)
94
(34.4)
94
(34.4)
87
(30.6)
76
(24.4)
64
(17.8)
54
(12.2)
74
(23.3)
Average low °F (°C) 30
(-1.1)
34
(1.1)
41
(5)
50
(10)
59
(15)
67
(19.4)
71
(21.7)
70
(21.1)
63
(17.2)
52
(11.1)
40
(4.4)
33
(0.6)
51
(10.6)
Record low °F (°C) −10
(-23.3)
1
(-17.2)
3
(-16.1)
23
(-5)
34
(1.1)
42
(5.6)
55
(12.8)
50
(10)
34
(1.1)
19
(-7.2)
11
(-11.7)
-10
(-17.8)
Precipitation inches (mm) 2.1
(53)
2.1
(53)
2.7
(69)
4
(102)
5.9
(150)
4.4
(112)
2.8
(71)
3.2
(81)
3.4
(86)
3.6
(91)
2.4
(61)
2.3
(58)
38.8
(986)
Snowfall inches (cm) 2.7
(6.9)
1.3
(3.3)
0.8
(2)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.6
(1.5)
5.4
(13.7)
Source: Weatherbase'

Demographics

Chickasaw stop
Chickasaw language stop sign, with Chickasaw word "Hika" ("stop"), in Ada, Oklahoma.
Broadway - Watertower
Picture taken on Broadway of the former Stout family residence with one of the city's water towers behind it.
Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 4,349
1920 8,012 84.2%
1930 11,261 40.6%
1940 15,143 34.5%
1950 15,995 5.6%
1960 14,347 −10.3%
1970 14,859 3.6%
1980 15,902 7.0%
1990 15,820 −0.5%
2000 15,691 −0.8%
2010 16,810 7.1%
Est. 2015 17,303 2.9%
Sources:
Chickasawlanguageaudiotour
Language offerings for audio tours at the Chickasaw Cultural Center, including Chickasaw, English, and Spanish.

As of the 2010 census, Ada's 16,810 residents consisted of 6,697 households and 3,803 families. The population density was 999.3 people per square mile (385.9/km²). The 7,862 housing units were dispersed at an average density of 475.9 per square mile (183.8/km²). Ada's 2006 racial makeup was 73.81% White, 3.54% African American, 15.10% Native American, 0.83% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.89% from other races, and 5.81% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 2.89% of the population.

Of Ada's 6,697 households, 25.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.6% were married couples living together, 12.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 43.2% were non-families. The 15.8% of those 65 years or older living alone made up a substantial portion of the 37.1% single-person households. Average household size was 2.20 persons; average family size was 2.91.

The age breakdown in 2006 was 22.3% under the age of 18, 17.5% from 18 to 24, 24.4% from 25 to 44, 18.9% from 45 to 64, and 17.0% aged 65 or older. The median age was 33 years. The disparity between the number of males and the number of females seems to be decreasing: for every 100 females aged 18 or over, there were only 84.5 males, but when all females and males were taken into account, there were 100 females for every 88.4 males.

Median household income was $22,977, while median family income was $31,805. Males had a median income of $25,223 versus $17,688 for females. Ada's per capita income was $14,666. Some 14.8% of families and 21.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.8% of those under 18 and 11.4% of those 65 or over.

Perhaps 2,000-3,000 residents speak the Chickasaw language.

National Register of Historic Places

The following sites in Ada are listed on the National Register of Historic Places:

  • Ada Public Library
  • Bebee Field Round House
  • East Central State Normal School
  • Mijo Camp Industrial District
  • Pontotoc County Courthouse
  • Sugg Clinic
  • Wintersmith Park Historic District

Images for kids


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