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Aliquippa, Pennsylvania
City of Aliquippa
Downtown Aliquippa
Downtown Aliquippa
Nickname(s): 
Quip
Location in Beaver County and the U.S. state of Pennsylvania.
Location in Beaver County and the U.S. state of Pennsylvania.
Aliquippa, Pennsylvania is located in Pennsylvania
Aliquippa, Pennsylvania
Aliquippa, Pennsylvania
Location in Pennsylvania
Aliquippa, Pennsylvania is located in the United States
Aliquippa, Pennsylvania
Aliquippa, Pennsylvania
Location in the United States
Aliquippa, Pennsylvania is located in North America
Aliquippa, Pennsylvania
Aliquippa, Pennsylvania
Location in North America
Country United States
State Pennsylvania
County Beaver
Settled 1793
Incorporated 1894
  1928 (borough)
  1987 (city)
Government
 • Type City Council
Area
 • Total 4.60 sq mi (11.91 km2)
 • Land 4.20 sq mi (10.87 km2)
 • Water 0.40 sq mi (1.04 km2)
Elevation
850 ft (260 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total 9,238
 • Density 2,008.3/sq mi (775.7/km2)
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
ZIP Code
15001
FIPS code 42-00820
Website City of Aliquippa website

Aliquippa is a city in Beaver County in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania, located on the Ohio River in the western portion of the Greater Pittsburgh Region. The population was 9,238 at the 2020 census.

Formerly the location of a large Native American trading center, Aliquippa grew to become a center for steel manufacturing by the early 20th century, similar to other towns in the area. With the closure of most large employers by the 1980s, Aliquippa has since become an economically distressed community.

History

Aliquippa was founded by the merger of three towns: Aliquippa, Woodlawn, and New Sheffield. There is no evidence connecting the Seneca Queen Aliquippa with the location of the borough. This was one of several Indian names selected arbitrarily by the Pittsburgh and Lake Erie Railroad in 1878 for stations along the route. Aliquippa is best known as the location of a productive steel mill that the Jones and Laughlin Steel Company constructed there along the Ohio River beginning in 1905. Employment at the facility sustained a population of 27,023 in 1940.

The mill closed during the collapse of the steel industry during the 1980s. This major economic loss alongside suburbanization caused a major population loss through the end of the 20th century. The oldest church within the current boundaries of Aliquippa is Mt. Carmel Presbyterian Church (formerly White Oak Flats Presbyterian Church), established about 1793 in the New Sheffield region on Brodhead Road. Many of the city's businesses have left since the closing of the mill. This has left the city economically depressed, with the crime rate dramatically rising over time.

The B.F. Jones Memorial Library is a historical landmark of the community.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 620
1910 1,743 181.1%
1920 2,931 68.2%
1930 27,116 825.1%
1940 27,023 −0.3%
1950 26,132 −3.3%
1960 26,369 0.9%
1970 22,277 −15.5%
1980 17,094 −23.3%
1990 13,374 −21.8%
2000 11,734 −12.3%
2010 9,438 −19.6%
Sources:

As of the 2010 census, the city had 9,438 people. The city was 57.6% White, 38.6% Black or African American, 0.1% Native American, 0.4% Asian, and 2.8% were two or more races. 1.3% of the population was of Hispanic or Latino ancestry.

As of the census of 2000, there were 11,734 people, 5,124 households, and 3,176 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,867.7 people per square mile (1,107.7/km2). There were 5,843 housing units at an average density of 1,428.0 per square mile (551.6/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 62.59% White, 35.52% African American, 0.07% Native American, 0.18% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.18% from other races, and 1.43% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.00% of the population.

There were 5,124 households, out of which 24.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 35.7% were married couples living together, 21.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.0% were non-families. Of all households 35.0% were made up of individuals, and 17.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.27 and the average family size was 2.92.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 23.5% under the age of 18, 7.6% from 18 to 24, 25.5% from 25 to 44, 20.9% from 45 to 64, and 22.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 82.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 77.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $25,113, and the median income for a family was $34,003. Males had a median income of $27,954 versus $21,358 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,718. About 17.7% of families and 21.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 36.3% of those under age 18 and 10.9% of those age 65 or over.

Education

The city's residents are served by the Aliquippa School District, which includes Aliquippa Junior/Senior High School and Aliquippa Elementary School. Children may also choose to attend a public charter school: Beaver Area Academic Charter School or Lincoln Park Performing Arts Charter School.

Private schools

  • Bethel Christian School
  • Hope Christian Academy
  • Sylvania Hills Christian

Notable people

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