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Archer County, Texas facts for kids

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Archer County
The Archer County courthouse in Archer City. The Romanesque style structure was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1977.
The Archer County courthouse in Archer City. The Romanesque style structure was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1977.
Map of Texas highlighting Archer County
Location within the U.S. state of Texas
Map of the United States highlighting Texas
Texas's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  Texas
Founded 1880
Named for Branch Tanner Archer
 • Total 925 sq mi (2,400 km2)
 • Land 903 sq mi (2,340 km2)
 • Water 22 sq mi (60 km2)  2.4%%
 • Total 9,054
 • Density 10/sq mi (4/km2)
Time zone UTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district 13th

Archer County is a county located in the US state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 9,054. Its county seat is Archer City. The county was formed in 1858 and later organized in 1880. It is named for Branch Tanner Archer, a commissioner for the Republic of Texas.

Archer County is part of the Wichita Falls, TX Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Archer County is represented in the Texas House of Representatives by the Republican James Frank, a businessman from Wichita Falls.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 925 square miles (2,400 km2), of which 903 square miles (2,340 km2) is land and 22 square miles (57 km2) (2.4%) is water.

Major highways

  • US 82.svg U.S. Highway 82
  • US 277.svg U.S. Highway 277
  • US 281.svg U.S. Highway 281
  • Texas 25.svg State Highway 25
  • Texas 79.svg State Highway 79
  • Texas 114.svg State Highway 114

Adjacent counties


Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 596
1890 2,101 252.5%
1900 2,508 19.4%
1910 6,525 160.2%
1920 5,254 −19.5%
1930 9,684 84.3%
1940 7,599 −21.5%
1950 6,816 −10.3%
1960 6,110 −10.4%
1970 5,759 −5.7%
1980 7,266 26.2%
1990 7,973 9.7%
2000 8,854 11.0%
2010 9,054 2.3%
Est. 2015 8,715 −3.7%
U.S. Decennial Census
1850–2010 2010–2014

As of the census of 2000, there were 8,854 people, 3,345 households, and 2,515 families residing in the county. The population density was 10 people per square mile (4/km²). There were 3,871 housing units at an average density of 4 per square mile (2/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 95.54% White, 0.08% Black or African American, 0.62% Native American, 0.12% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 2.28% from other races, and 1.32% from two or more races. 4.87% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 3,345 households out of which 37.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.00% were married couples living together, 7.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.80% were non-families. Of all unmarried partner households, 89.8% were heterosexual, 1.9% were same-sex male, and 8.3% were same-sex female.

21.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.63 and the average family size was 3.08.

In the county, the population was spread out with 28.20% under the age of 18, 7.00% from 18 to 24, 27.40% from 25 to 44, 23.50% from 45 to 64, and 13.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 100.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $38,514, and the median income for a family was $45,984. Males had a median income of $31,386 versus $22,119 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,300. About 6.80% of families and 9.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.90% of those under age 18 and 10.80% of those age 65 or over.

Ranching industry

The Seymour Division of the sprawling 320,000 deeded acre (1400 km²) La Escalera Ranch is located north of Seymour, Texas in Baylor County and part of Archer County. The Seymour Division consists of 34,000 acres (120 km²) which was formally known as the Cross Bar Ranch when it was owned by the Claude Cowan Sr. Trust. The ranch was purchased in January, 2005 by the Gerald Lyda family and La Escalera Limited Partnership and is managed by partner Jo Lyda Granberg and her husband K. G. Granberg of Seymour. La Escalera Ranch extends over much of Pecos County and portions of Reeves, Brewster, Archer and Baylor Counties. It is known for its reputation herd of Black Angus cattle and its abundant wildlife.

Joseph Sterling Bridwell, the Wichita Falls philanthropist and oilman, also owned a ranch in Archer County.




Unincorporated communities

Ghost towns

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