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Archer County, Texas facts for kids

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Archer County
The Archer County Courthouse in Archer City: The Romanesque style structure was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1977.
The Archer County Courthouse in Archer City: The Romanesque style structure was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1977.
Map of Texas highlighting Archer County
Location within the U.S. state of Texas
Map of the United States highlighting Texas
Texas's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  Texas
Founded 1880
Named for Branch Tanner Archer
Seat Archer City
Largest city Archer City
 • Total 925 sq mi (2,400 km2)
 • Land 903 sq mi (2,340 km2)
 • Water 22 sq mi (60 km2)  2.4%
 • Total 8,560
 • Density 9.254/sq mi (3.573/km2)
Time zone UTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district 13th
This Edaphosaurus boanerges fossil skeleton from Archer County is on display in Harvard Museum of Natural History.
Edaph boanerg2
Edaphosaurus boanerges life restoration

Archer County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2020 census, its population was 8,560. Its county seat is Archer City. It is part of the Wichita Falls metropolitan statistical area.

Archer County is represented in the Texas House of Representatives by Republican James Frank, a businessman from Wichita Falls.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 925 square miles (2,400 km2), of which 903 square miles (2,340 km2) is land and 22 square miles (57 km2) (2.4%) is water.

Major highways

  • US 82.svg U.S. Highway 82
  • US 277.svg U.S. Highway 277
  • US 281.svg U.S. Highway 281
  • Texas 25.svg State Highway 25
  • Texas 79.svg State Highway 79
  • Texas 114.svg State Highway 114

Adjacent counties


Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 596
1890 2,101 252.5%
1900 2,508 19.4%
1910 6,525 160.2%
1920 5,254 −19.5%
1930 9,684 84.3%
1940 7,599 −21.5%
1950 6,816 −10.3%
1960 6,110 −10.4%
1970 5,759 −5.7%
1980 7,266 26.2%
1990 7,973 9.7%
2000 8,854 11.0%
2010 9,054 2.3%
2020 8,560 −5.5%
U.S. Decennial Census
1850–2010 2010 2020

2020 census

Archer County, Texas - Demographic Profile
(NH = Non-Hispanic)
Race / Ethnicity Pop 2010 Pop 2020 % 2010 % 2020
White alone (NH) 8,182 7,356 90.37% 85.93%
Black or African American alone (NH) 34 30 0.38% 0.35%
Native American or Alaska Native alone (NH) 47 71 0.52% 0.83%
Asian alone (NH) 18 18 0.20% 0.21%
Pacific Islander alone (NH) 3 0 0.03% 0.00%
Some Other Race alone (NH) 4 21 0.04% 0.25%
Mixed Race/Multi-Racial (NH) 91 322 1.01% 3.76%
Hispanic or Latino (any race) 675 742 7.46% 8.67%
Total 9,054 8,560 100.00% 100.00%

Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.

Ranching industry

The Seymour Division of the sprawling 320,000 deeded acre (1400 km²) La Escalera Ranch is located north of Seymour, Texas in Baylor County and part of Archer County. The Seymour Division consists of 34,000 acres (120 km²) which was formally known as the Cross Bar Ranch when it was owned by the Claude Cowan Sr. Trust. The ranch was purchased in January, 2005 by the Gerald Lyda family and La Escalera Limited Partnership and is managed by partner Jo Lyda Granberg and her husband K. G. Granberg of Seymour. La Escalera Ranch extends over much of Pecos County and portions of Reeves, Brewster, Archer and Baylor Counties. It is known for its reputation herd of Black Angus cattle and its abundant wildlife.

Joseph Sterling Bridwell, the Wichita Falls philanthropist and oilman, also owned a ranch in Archer County.




Unincorporated communities

Ghost towns


These school districts serve Archer County:

  • Archer City Independent School District
  • Holliday Independent School District
  • Iowa Park Consolidated Independent School District (partial)
  • Jacksboro Independent School District (partial)
  • Olney Independent School District (partial)
  • Windthorst Independent School District

Megargel Independent School District once served portions of Archer County, but it closed after the fall of 2006.

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