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Clay County, Texas facts for kids

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Clay County
Clay County Courthouse in Henrietta
Clay County Courthouse in Henrietta
Map of Texas highlighting Clay County
Location within the U.S. state of Texas
Map of the United States highlighting Texas
Texas's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 610: attempt to index field 'wikibase' (a nil value).
Country  United States
State  Texas
Founded 1860
Named for Henry Clay
Seat Henrietta
Largest city Henrietta
 • Total 1,117 sq mi (2,890 km2)
 • Land 1,089 sq mi (2,820 km2)
 • Water 28 sq mi (70 km2)  2.5%%
 • Total 10,752
 • Density 9.9/sq mi (3.8/km2)
Time zone UTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district 13th
The Clay County Leader, Henrietta, Texas IMG 6824
The Clay County Leader newspaper office in Henrietta

Clay County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 10,752. The county seat is Henrietta. The county was founded in 1857 and later organized in 1860. It is named in honor of Henry Clay, famous American statesman, Kentucky Senator and United States Secretary of State.

Clay County is part of the Wichita Falls, Metropolitan Statistical Area in North Texas.

Several railroads once served Clay County, including the Wichita Falls Railway, one of the properties of Joseph A. Kemp and his brother-in-law Frank Kell, along with twenty-nine other stockholders. The Wichita Falls Railway linked Henrietta with Wichita Falls. Built in 1894–1895, it was sold in 1911 to the Missouri-Kansas-Texas Railroad, also known as the Katy. The original eighteen miles of track was abandoned in 1970.

The Wichita Falls rancher, oilman, and philanthropist Joseph Sterling Bridwell owned a ranch in Clay County, among his multiple holdings.

Clay County is represented in the Texas House of Representatives by the Republican James Frank, a businessman from Wichita Falls.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,117 square miles (2,890 km2), of which 1,089 square miles (2,820 km2) is land and 28 square miles (73 km2) (2.5%) is water.

Lake Arrowhead State Park, a 524-acre (212 ha) development on Lake Arrowhead in Clay County, encompasses 14,390-acre (5,820 ha) acres. The lakeshore extends 106 miles; the park offers bicycling, birding, boating, camping, canoeing, fishing, hiking, horseback riding, nature study, picnicking, swimming, and wildlife observation.

Adjacent counties


Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 109
1880 5,045
1890 7,503 48.7%
1900 9,231 23.0%
1910 17,043 84.6%
1920 16,864 −1.1%
1930 14,545 −13.8%
1940 12,524 −13.9%
1950 9,896 −21.0%
1960 8,351 −15.6%
1970 8,079 −3.3%
1980 9,582 18.6%
1990 10,024 4.6%
2000 11,006 9.8%
2010 10,752 −2.3%
2019 (est.) 10,471 −2.6%
U.S. Decennial Census
1850–2010 2010–2014

As of the census of 2000, there were 11,006 people, 4,323 households, and 3,181 families residing in the county. The population density was 10 people per square mile (4/km2). There were 4,992 housing units at an average density of 4 per square mile (2/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 95.35% White, 0.42% Black or African American, 1.03% Native American, 0.10% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 1.68% from other races, and 1.42% from two or more races. 3.67% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. At 89.4% of the county's population, Clay County has the highest percentage of Non-Hispanic Whites in the state of Texas.

There were 4,323 households, out of which 30.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.20% were married couples living together, 7.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.40% were non-families. 23.50% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 24.90% under the age of 18, 6.80% from 18 to 24, 26.40% from 25 to 44, 25.90% from 45 to 64, and 16.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $35,738, and the median income for a family was $41,514. Males had a median income of $28,914 versus $20,975 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,361. About 8.10% of families and 10.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.70% of those under age 18 and 11.00% of those age 65 or over.


Major highways

  • US 82.svg U.S. Highway 82
  • US 287.svg U.S. Highway 287
  • Texas 79.svg State Highway 79
  • Texas 148.svg State Highway 148

Farm to Market Roads

  • Texas FM 171.svg FM 171
  • Texas FM 172.svg FM 172
  • Texas FM 173.svg FM 173
  • Texas FM 174.svg FM 174
  • Texas FM 175.svg FM 175
  • Texas FM 1177.svg FM 1177
  • Texas FM 1197.svg FM 1197
  • Texas FM 1288.svg FM 1288
  • Texas FM 1740.svg FM 1740
  • Texas FM 1883.svg FM 1883
  • Texas FM 1954.svg FM 1954
  • Texas FM 2332.svg FM 2332
  • Texas FM 2393.svg FM 2393
  • Texas FM 2606.svg FM 2606
  • Texas FM 2847.svg FM 2847




Unincorporated communities

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