Bibb County, Alabama facts for kids

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Bibb County, Alabama

Location in the state of Alabama
Map of the USA highlighting Alabama
Alabama's location in the U.S.
Founded February 7, 1818
Seat Centreville
Largest City Brent
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

626 sq mi (1,621 km²)
623 sq mi (1,614 km²)
3.6 sq mi (9 km²), 0.6%
 - (2016)
 - Density

37/sq mi (14/km²)
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Named for: William W. Bibb
  • County Number 07 on Alabama Licence Plates

Bibb County is a county in the U.S. state of Alabama. As of the 23rd Decennial 2010 United States Census its population was 22,915. The county seat is Centreville. Its name is in honor of William W. Bibb, (1781-1820), the Governor of Alabama Territory, (1817-1819), and the first Governor of Alabama, (1819-1820, when he died), who is also the namesake for Bibb County, Georgia where he began his political career. It is a "prohibition" or dry county; however, the cities of West Blocton, Brent, and Centreville have all become "wet", by allowing the sale of alcoholic beverages.

The Bibb County Courthouse is located in the county seat of Centreville.


Cahawba County was established ("erected") on February 7, 1818, named for the Cahawba River, (now more commonly spelled as Cahaba River). This name came from the Choctaw language word meaning "water above." On December 4, 1820, it was renamed as Bibb County.

With a large population of slaves before the American Civil War, during and after Reconstruction whites worked to dominate and establish white supremacy. In addition to laws that the state legislature passed, creating a new constitution that raised barriers to voter registration and excluding freedmen from the political process, this county ranked with two others: Dallas and Pickens, as having the third-highest number of lynchings in the state. These extrajudicial murders were a form of racial terrorism by the whites against blacks.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 626 square miles (1,620 km2), of which 623 square miles (1,610 km2) is land and 3.6 square miles (9.3 km2) (0.6%) is water.

Adjacent counties

National protected areas

  • Cahaba River National Wildlife Refuge
  • Talladega National Forest (part)


Major highways

  • US 11.svg U.S. Highway 11
  • US 82.svg U.S. Highway 82
  • Alabama 5.svg State Route 5
  • Alabama 25.svg State Route 25
  • Alabama 58.svg State Route 58
  • Alabama 139.svg State Route 139
  • Alabama 209.svg State Route 209
  • Alabama 219.svg State Route 219


  • Norfolk Southern Railway


From 1920 to 1970, the population of the rural county declined considerably. Many African Americans joined the Great Migration to northern and western cities, to escape the violence and racial oppression of Jim Crow.

Historical population
Census Pop.
1820 3,676
1830 6,306 71.5%
1840 8,284 31.4%
1850 9,969 20.3%
1860 11,894 19.3%
1870 7,469 −37.2%
1880 9,487 27.0%
1890 13,824 45.7%
1900 18,498 33.8%
1910 22,791 23.2%
1920 23,144 1.5%
1930 20,780 −10.2%
1940 20,155 −3.0%
1950 17,987 −10.8%
1960 14,357 −20.2%
1970 13,812 −3.8%
1980 15,723 13.8%
1990 16,576 5.4%
2000 20,826 25.6%
2010 22,915 10.0%
Est. 2016 22,643 −1.2%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790–1960 1900–1990
1990–2000 2010–2015

As of the census of 2010, there were 22,915 people, 7,953 households, and 5,748 families residing in the county. The population density was 37 people per square mile (14/km2). There were 8,981 housing units at an average density of 14.3 per square mile (5.5/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 75.8% White, 22.0% Black or African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.1% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.8% from other races, and 0.9% from two or more races. 1.8% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 7,953 households out of which 29.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.5% were married couples living together, 14.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.7% were non-families. 24.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.09.

In the county, the population was spread out with 22.7% under the age of 18, 9.0% from 18 to 24, 28.9% from 25 to 44, 26.7% from 45 to 64, and 12.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37.8 years. For every 100 females there were 115.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 127.5 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $41,770, and the median income for a family was $51,956. Males had a median income of $40,219 versus $28,085 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,918. About 9.4% of families and 12.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.4% of those under age 18 and 11.3% of those age 65 or over.




Unincorporated communities

Ghost towns

Places of interest

Bibb County is home to the Talladega National Forest supervised by the United States Forestry Service (of the U.S. Department of Agriculture), and a section of the Cahaba River which draws visitors to view the unique "Cahaba Lily", or (known by its scientific Latinized name: Hymenocallis coronaria).

Bibb County, Alabama Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.