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Big Stone County, Minnesota facts for kids

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Big Stone County
Big Stone County Courthouse in Ortonville, Minnesota.
Big Stone County Courthouse in Ortonville, Minnesota.
Map of Minnesota highlighting Big Stone County
Location within the U.S. state of Minnesota
Map of the United States highlighting Minnesota
Minnesota's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  Minnesota
Founded February 20, 1862 (created)
1874 (organized)
Named for Big Stone Lake
Seat Ortonville
Largest city Ortonville
Area
 • Total 528 sq mi (1,370 km2)
 • Land 499 sq mi (1,290 km2)
 • Water 29 sq mi (80 km2)  5.5%%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total 5,166
 • Density 10.1/sq mi (3.9/km2)
Time zone UTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district 7th

Big Stone County is a county in the U.S. state of Minnesota. As of the 2020 United States Census, the population was 5,166. Its county seat is Ortonville.

History

The county was formed in 1862 and organized in 1874.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 528 square miles (1,370 km2), of which 499 square miles (1,290 km2) is land and 29 square miles (75 km2) (5.5%) is water.

Native vegetation based on NRCS soils information

Lakes

  • Artichoke Lake - south edge in Akron Township, vast majority in Artichoke Township
  • Barry Lake - Toqua Township
  • Bentsen Lake - east half in Otrey Township, west half in Big Stone Township
  • Big Stone Lake - Ortonville Township, Browns Valley Township, Foster Township, Prior Township, Big Stone Township
  • Clear Lake - Toqua Township
  • Cup Lake - Almond Township
  • Deep Lake - Big Stone Township
  • East Toqua Lake - Graceville Township
  • Eli Lake - south three-quarters in Almond Township, west quarter in Clinton
  • Fogarty Lake - Toqua Township
  • Horseshoe Lake - Odessa Township
  • Lannon Lake - Graceville Township
  • Lindgren Lake - Ortonville Township
  • Lake Leo - Graceville Township
  • Lone Tree Lake - east three-quarters in Malta Township, west quarter in Almond Township
  • Long Lake - Artichoke Township
  • Long Tom Lake - northeast edge in Otrey Township, vast majority in Odessa Township
  • Lysing Lake - vast majority in Almond Township, south edge in Big Stone Township
  • Marsh Lake - Akron Township
  • Moonshine Lake - Moonshine Township
  • Moulton Lake - Big Stone Township
  • Mundweiler Lake - Big Stone Township
  • Munnwyler Lake - Ortonville Township
  • Olson Lake - Big Stone Township
  • Olson Lake - Otrey Township
  • Otrey Lake - Otrey Township
  • Peterson Lake - Odessa Township
  • South Rothwell Lake - north edge in Graceville Township, vast majority in Almond Township
  • Smithwicks Lake - Graceville Township
  • Swenson Lake - Big Stone Township
  • Twin Lakes - Big Stone Township
  • West Toqua Lake - Graceville Township
  • Walter Lake - Ortonville Township

Source: United States Census Bureau 2007 TIGER/Line Shapefiles

Major highways

  • US 12.svg U.S. Highway 12
  • US 75.svg U.S. Highway 75
  • MN-7.svg Minnesota State Highway 7
  • MN-28.svg Minnesota State Highway 28

Adjacent counties

National protected area

  • Big Stone National Wildlife Refuge (part)

Climate and weather

Weather chart for Ortonville, Minnesota
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
0.6
 
23
1
 
 
0.6
 
27
7
 
 
1.4
 
39
19
 
 
2.6
 
56
32
 
 
2.5
 
69
45
 
 
3.6
 
78
56
 
 
3.9
 
84
60
 
 
2.7
 
82
58
 
 
2.6
 
73
47
 
 
2.2
 
59
34
 
 
1
 
41
21
 
 
0.4
 
25
7
temperatures in °F
precipitation totals in inches
source: The Weather Channel

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Ortonville have ranged from a low of 1 °F (−17 °C) in January to a high of 84 °F (29 °C) in July, although a record low of −44 °F (−42 °C) was recorded in February 1994 and a record high of 108 °F (42 °C) was recorded in July 1966. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 0.43 inches (11 mm) in December to 3.85 inches (98 mm) in July.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 24
1880 3,688 15,266.7%
1890 5,722 55.2%
1900 8,731 52.6%
1910 9,367 7.3%
1920 9,766 4.3%
1930 9,838 0.7%
1940 10,447 6.2%
1950 9,607 −8.0%
1960 8,954 −6.8%
1970 7,941 −11.3%
1980 7,716 −2.8%
1990 6,285 −18.5%
2000 5,820 −7.4%
2010 5,269 −9.5%
2020 5,166 −2.0%
US Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2020
USA Big Stone County, Minnesota age pyramid
Age pyramid of county residents based on 2000 U.S. census data

Communities

Cities

Townships

  • Akron Township
  • Almond Township
  • Artichoke Township
  • Big Stone Township
  • Browns Valley Township
  • Foster Township
  • Graceville Township
  • Malta Township
  • Moonshine Township
  • Odessa Township
  • Ortonville Township
  • Otrey Township
  • Prior Township
  • Toqua Township

Unincorporated communities

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