Blackall, Queensland facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Blackall
Queensland
Blackall - Mitchell memorial.JPG
Memorial to Sir Thomas Mitchell
Population: 1,588
Established: 1868
Postcode: 4472
Elevation: 284 m (932 ft)
Location:
LGA: Blackall-Tambo Region
State District: Gregory
Federal Division: Flynn
Mean Max Temp Mean Min Temp Annual Rainfall
30.2 °C
86 °F
15.4 °C
60 °F
533.3 mm
21 in
Localities around Blackall:
Ilfracombe
Moombria
Home Creek
Evora
Narbethong
Mexico
Drummondslope
Isisford Blackall Windeyer
Mount Enniskillen
Adavale Adavale
Scrubby Creek
MacFarlane
Minnie Downs

Blackall is a small town and rural locality in the Blackall-Tambo Region in Central West Queensland, Australia. At the 2011 census had a population of 1,588. It is the service centre for the Blackall-Tambo Region. The dominant industry in the area is grazing.

Geography

Blackall is approximately 960 kilometres (600 mi) by road from the state capital, Brisbane. The town is situated on the Barcoo River and Landsborough Highway (Matilda Highway).

Blackall claims to be the home of the original Black Stump, which marks the original Astro Station established in 1887. Places west of this point are said to be 'beyond the black stump'. The Black Stump was moved from its original location to make it more accessible to tourists, and can now be found on the boundary of the Blackall State School grounds, Thistle Street, Blackall. Blackall has many attractions for public use and entertainment, including the Blackall showground, the local pool and the historic Blackall Woolscour.

History

The region was explored in 1846 by explorer Sir Thomas Mitchell and his party. In 1856, Augustus Gregory passed through the area noting that the landscape was a vast plain lacking vegetation in contrast to Mitchell's description of good country. Blackall was named by Surveyor Abraham H. May after Sir Samuel Blackall, the second Governor of Queensland. During the 1860s the town developed as a service centre for the surrounding pastoral properties. A survey of town allotments was conducted in 1868.

Barcoo Post Office opened on 1 April 1864. It was renamed Blackall in 1868.

Blackall State School opened on 10 September 1877. On 5 October 1964, the school was destroyed by fire, but was subsequently rebuilt.

On Tuesday 29 March 1881, following seven inches of rain, the river burst through the town embankment, completely washing away the stonework of the dam. On Wednesday 30 March, the still-rising river flooded the town's main street and many people in the town's lower-lying areas were forced to evacuate as their homes became fully submerged.

Blackall was one of the first Queensland towns to sink an artesian bore in 1885, which now supplies the town with water from the Great Artesian Basin. The water temperature is 58 degrees Celsius. There is an artesian spa bath at the aquatic centre and locally produced soft drinks are made from the artesian water.

In December 1890 the Australian Labor Party constitution and rules were drawn up at Blackall, during the founding of this party. In Australian folklore, the best known citizen of the town was the shearer Jack Howe. In 1892, he shore a total of 321 sheep at Alice Downs station in 7 hours and 40 minutes, a record for hand shearing that still stands, and was only broken by a shearer using a machine driven handpiece in 1950. A branch line from the Central Western railway reached Blackall in 1908.

St Joseph's Catholic Primary School was established in 1917 by the Sisters of St Joseph. The opening ceremonies were conducted on Saturday 21 July 1917 by Archbishop James Duhig.

The Blackall War Memorial commemorates those soldiers who died in World War I. The memorial was dedicated on the 25 April (Anzac Day) 1927 by James Charles Minnis (former mayor of Blackall and a former soldier). The honour roll of those who died in World War II was added later.

Blackall's population was more than 3,000 in 1965. A declining population has coincided with the decline in the wool industry in the district.

Heritage listings

Blackall has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:

  • Hawthorn Street: Blackall Masonic Temple
  • 4 kilometres (2.5 mi) northeast of Blackall: Blackall Woolscour

Transport

Sunstate Airlines, operating as QantasLink, has services connecting the town to Brisbane.

Facilities

Blackall has a public library, showground, racecourse, golf course, bowling club and aquatic centre, cultural centre and an historical association.

The Blackall Golf Club has an 18-hole golf course at Shamrock Street (24°25′18″S 145°27′10″E / 24.42172°S 145.45276°E / -24.42172; 145.45276 (Blackall Golf Club)).

Climate

The town has a semi-arid climate according to Köppen (BSh).


Climate data for Blackall
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 44.6
(112.3)
43.9
(111)
41.8
(107.2)
37.3
(99.1)
35.0
(95)
32.8
(91)
31.3
(88.3)
35.1
(95.2)
38.4
(101.1)
41.2
(106.2)
44.0
(111.2)
44.6
(112.3)
44.6
(112.3)
Average high °C (°F) 36.0
(96.8)
35.1
(95.2)
33.7
(92.7)
30.3
(86.5)
25.8
(78.4)
22.7
(72.9)
22.3
(72.1)
24.6
(76.3)
28.5
(83.3)
32.2
(90)
34.7
(94.5)
36.0
(96.8)
30.2
(86.4)
Average low °C (°F) 22.4
(72.3)
22.0
(71.6)
19.9
(67.8)
16.1
(61)
11.8
(53.2)
8.0
(46.4)
6.9
(44.4)
8.4
(47.1)
12.1
(53.8)
16.5
(61.7)
19.5
(67.1)
21.4
(70.5)
15.4
(59.7)
Record low °C (°F) 12.9
(55.2)
12.4
(54.3)
10.1
(50.2)
4.1
(39.4)
0.1
(32.2)
-0.7
(30.7)
-2.0
(28.4)
-1.8
(28.8)
1.4
(34.5)
3.0
(37.4)
8.2
(46.8)
10.7
(51.3)
-2.0
(28.4)
Rainfall mm (inches) 85.2
(3.354)
81.9
(3.224)
62.8
(2.472)
37.1
(1.461)
33.6
(1.323)
26.3
(1.035)
25.1
(0.988)
16.4
(0.646)
18.4
(0.724)
33.2
(1.307)
43.5
(1.713)
69.8
(2.748)
533.3
(20.996)
Avg. rainy days (≥ 0.2mm) 7.1 6.5 5.3 3.2 3.2 2.8 2.6 2.2 2.6 4.2 5.3 6.3 51.3
Source: Bureau of Meteorology

Gallery

Jack Howe's gravesite in Blackall cemetery 
Gravestone memorial for Jack Howe in Blackall cemetery 

Blackall, Queensland Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.