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Brierfield
Burnley Road in Brierfield - geograph.org.uk - 1859652.jpg
Burnley Road, Brierfield
Brierfield is located in Lancashire
Brierfield
Brierfield
Population 8,193 (2011)
OS grid reference SD850361
Civil parish
  • Brierfield
District
  • Pendle
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town NELSON
Postcode district BB9
Dialling code 01282
Police Lancashire
Fire Lancashire
Ambulance North West
EU Parliament North West England
UK Parliament
  • Pendle
List of places
UK
England
Lancashire
53°49′26″N 2°14′06″W / 53.824°N 2.235°W / 53.824; -2.235

Brierfield is a town and civil parish in the Borough of Pendle, in Lancashire, England. It is 2.5 miles (4.0 km) north east of Burnley, 1 mile (1.6 km) south west of Nelson, and 0.5 miles (0.8 km) north east of Reedley. The parish had a population of 8,193, at the census of 2011.

The parish adjoins the Pendle parishes of Reedley Hallows, Old Laund Booth and Nelson, the Burnley parish of Briercliffe, and the unparished area of the town of Burnley.

History

The building of the Leeds and Liverpool Canal, the Blackburn to Addingham turnpike road and the railway from Preston to Colne led to the town developing during the early 19th century.

Before the new transport links were constructed, the town was just a scattering of farmhouses forming part of the township of Little Marsden, which also covered a large part of what was to become Nelson. The construction of the first cotton mill in 1832 off Lob Lane (now Clitheroe Road) close to the Marsden coal pit, led to the massive growth of the settlement during the mid-19th century.

New mills were established along the banks of the canal and people flocked to the area to work in the cotton industry, many coming from the lead mining areas of the North Riding of Yorkshire as the lead seams were worked out.

In July 1997, the town's small cinema, Unit Four, closed down. It was showing Batman and Robin, The Fifth Element, Con Air, and Beavis and Butt-Head Do America. It was later replaced by an branch of Dixy Chicken, as well as Maria’s World Food Store.

The cotton industry continued to be the main employer until well into the 1960s, and in 2006 that BSN (formerly Smith & Nephew) ceased production of woven cloth at Brierfield Mills. After years of disuse, Pendle Council purchased the mills in 2012, intending to use it as a flagship regeneration project.

The town's war memorial features a large roaring bronze lion. The town is known for its part in the Quaker movement. A Friends meeting house is still in use on the south-eastern boundary of the town, and the bridge over Pendle Water at the foot of the town is called Quaker Bridge.

Facilities

The town is served by Brierfield railway station.

Pendle Community Radio commenced broadcasting on 103.1FM in September 2005. Licensed by Ofcom as a distinct community radio service, it aims to target the borough's Muslim population, a large number of which reside in Brierfield.

Demography

Houses in Brierfield
Houses in Brierfield and the Jamia Mosque Sultania Minaret which was built in 2013 and is the largest mosque in Lancashire
Railway View, Brierfield, Nelson, Lancashire - geograph.org.uk - 1379036
Terraced housing at Railway View

The United Kingdom Census 2011 showed a total resident population for Brierfield civil parish of 8,193. a marginal reduction from 8,199 in 2001. The town forms part of a wider urban area, which had a population of 149,796 in 2001, with 10,047 in a Brierfield subdivision . A similar but larger, Burnley Built-up area defined in the 2011 census had a population of 149,422.

The racial composition of the town in 2011 was 60.2% White (58.9% White British), 38.0% Asian, 0.4% Black, 0.2% Mixed and 1.2% Other. The largest religious groups were Christian (44.4%) and Muslim (36.2%). 59.5% of adults between the ages of 16 and 74 were classed as economically active and in work.

Year 1901 1911 1921 1931 1939 1951 1961 2001 2011
Population 7,288 8,259 8,341 7,696 6,862 7,009 7,018 8,199 8,193
UD (pre-1974) CP (2001 onwards)

Education

There are three primary schools, and one secondary school in Brierfield. The primary schools are Reedley Primary School, Pendle Primary Academy (formerly known as Walter Street) and Holy Trinity. The secondary school is Marsden Heights Community College. There is also one Nursery School (Woodfield Nursery School)

Notable people

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