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Caroga, New York
Hamlet of Caroga Lake
Hamlet of Caroga Lake
Caroga, New York is located in New York
Caroga, New York
Caroga, New York
Location in New York
Country United States
State New York
County Fulton
 • Type Town Council
 • Total 54.28 sq mi (140.58 km2)
 • Land 50.63 sq mi (131.12 km2)
 • Water 3.65 sq mi (9.46 km2)
1,637 ft (499 m)
 • Total 1,205
 • Estimate 
 • Density 22.95/sq mi (8.86/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
Area code(s) 518
FIPS code 36-035-12573
GNIS feature ID 0978794

Caroga is a town in Fulton County, New York, United States. The population was 1,205 at the 2010 census. The town was named after a local creek.

Caroga is in the northern part of the county, northwest of Gloversville and Johnstown.


The town was first settled around 1783.

The town was created in 1842 from parts of the towns of Bleecker, Johnstown, and Stratford.

The name of the town is an altered spelling of Garoga [Creek], which flows south out of the town towards the Mohawk River.

The industry of the early town was based on lumber and tanning. By 1890 the population was 624.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 54.3 square miles (140.6 km2), of which 50.6 square miles (131.1 km2) is land and 3.7 square miles (9.5 km2), or 6.73%, is water.

Caroga is inside the Adirondack Park. The north town line is the border of Hamilton County.

New York State Route 10 is a north-south highway in Caroga. It leads north to Piseco Lake in the town of Arietta and south to Canajoharie on the Mohawk River. New York State Route 29A is an east-west highway intersecting NY-10 near Pine Lake and then running southward as a conjoined highway to Caroga Lake. NY 29A leads southeast to Gloversville and west to Salisbury. New York State Route 10A branches off NY-10 to the southeast near Bradtville, providing a route to Johnstown, the Fulton County seat.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 589
1860 629 6.8%
1870 828 31.6%
1880 855 3.3%
1890 624 −27.0%
1900 470 −24.7%
1910 441 −6.2%
1920 332 −24.7%
1930 306 −7.8%
1940 408 33.3%
1950 462 13.2%
1960 568 22.9%
1970 822 44.7%
1980 1,177 43.2%
1990 1,337 13.6%
2000 1,407 5.2%
2010 1,205 −14.4%
2016 (est.) 1,162 −3.6%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census of 2000, there were 1,407 people, 588 households, and 392 families residing in the town. The population density was 27.7 people per square mile (10.7/km2). There were 1,794 housing units at an average density of 35.3 per square mile (13.6/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 98.86% White, 0.07% Native American, 0.14% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, and 0.85% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.21% of the population.

There were 588 households, out of which 27.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.7% were married couples living together, 7.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.2% were non-families. 26.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 2.87.

In the town, the population was spread out, with 22.9% under the age of 18, 5.0% from 18 to 24, 27.1% from 25 to 44, 28.4% from 45 to 64, and 16.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females, there were 105.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 107.9 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $34,911, and the median income for a family was $36,852. Males had a median income of $26,452 versus $22,067 for females. The per capita income for the town was $18,048. About 6.7% of families and 9.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.1% of those under age 18 and 9.7% of those age 65 or over.

Communities and locations in Caroga

  • Bradtville – A location near the south town line on NY-10.
  • Canada Lake – A hamlet north of the water body of the same name.
  • Canada Lake – A lake located south of the community of Canada Lake and north of Caroga Lake, near the center of the town.
  • Garoga Creek – A stream flowing southward through the town.
  • Caroga Lake – A hamlet between East Caroga Lake and West Caroga Lake on NY-10.
  • East Caroga Lake – A lake in the south-central part of the town, linked to West Caroga Lake.
  • Glasgow Mills – A hamlet in the southwest part of the town.
  • Newkirk (formerly "Newkirks Mills") – A hamlet southwest of Caroga Lake hamlet on NY-10. It was once the principal settlement in the town.
  • North Bush – A hamlet in the south part of the town on County Road 137 and the location of the first school in the town.
  • Pine Lake – A lake north of Canada Lake and east of NY-10.
  • Royal Mountain – A skiing area near the south town line.
  • Stoner Lakes – Three linked lakes by the north town line.
  • West Caroga Lake – A lake in the south central part of the town linked to East Caroga Lake.
  • Wheelerville – A hamlet north of Caroga Lake hamlet on NY-10.

See also

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