Gloversville, New York facts for kids

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Gloversville, New York
City
City of Gloversville
Country United States
State New York
County Fulton
Incorporated (village) 1853
Incorporated (city) March 19, 1890
Area
 • Total 5.15 sq mi (13.33 km2)
 • Land 5.14 sq mi (13.31 km2)
 • Water 0.008 sq mi (0.02 km2)
Elevation 820 ft (250 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 15,665
 • Density 3,048/sq mi (1,176.9/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 12078
Area code(s) 518 Exchanges: 725,773,775
FIPS code 36-29443
GNIS feature ID 0951265
Website www.cityofgloversville.com

Gloversville, a city in Fulton County, New York, was once the hub of the United States' glovemaking industry, with over two hundred manufacturers in Gloversville and the adjacent city of Johnstown. In 2010, Gloversville had a population of 15,665.

History

The region, historically known as "Kingsborough", was acquired by Sir William Johnson, 1st Baronet. In 1752, Arent Stevens bought land. Puritans from New England settled there at the end of the 18th century. The proximity of hemlock forests to supply bark for tanning made the community a center of leather production early in its history. It earned its name for being the center of the American glovemaking industry for many years. Upon the establishment of a United States post office in 1828, "Gloversville" became the official name of the community. Prior to that Gloversville had been known as "Stump City" because of the large number of trees that had been cut down. In 1890–1950, 90 percent of all gloves sold in the United States were made in Gloversville.

Large tanneries and glove shops employed nearly 80% of the residents of Gloversville and environs. Home workers sewed the gloves from leather that had been cut in factories. Related businesses, such as box makers, sewing machine repairmen, and thread dealers opened to serve the industry.

In 1853, Gloversville incorporated as a village. In 1890, it incorporated as a city.

Until 1936, Gloversville had a very active electric interurban line, the Fonda, Johnstown and Gloversville Railroad. It ran from Gloversville, through Johnstown, along the Mohawk River to Amsterdam, then to Scotia, then across the Mohawk River, and into downtown Schenectady to the New York Central station. In 1932 in a bold move during the Great Depression it acquired unique Bullet cars in an attempt to revive business. Passenger service ended in 1936, but freight operation continued.

Gloversville was the main headquarters for the Schine movie industry. The Glove Theatre was the Schines' favorite movie house. Hollywood movies sometimes premiered in Gloversville before they opened in California.

The decline of the glove industry left the city financially depressed, with many downtown storefronts abandoned and store windows covered with plywood. Many of the houses were abandoned when people moved out of town to find jobs elsewhere.

Geography and climate

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 5.1 square miles (13.3 km2), of which 0.0077 square miles (0.02 km2), or 0.17%, is water. New York State Route 29A (Fulton Street) is an east-west road through the city. New York State Route 30A is a north-south highway along the east edge of the city, leading south 4 miles (6 km) into Johnstown and northeast 5 miles (8 km) to Mayfield at the southwest end of Great Sacandaga Lake. Another north-south highway, New York State Route 309 (Bleecker Street), has its southern terminus at NY-29A in the center of Gloversville.

Cayadutta Creek, a tributary of the Mohawk River, flows southward through the city.

The city sits in the foothills of the Adirondack Mountains and therefore is within a climatic transition zone. Gloversville experiences the warmer summer temperatures common throughout the Capital Region's Hudson and Mohawk Valleys while experiencing generally more copious precipitation throughout the year than the Capital Region. This manifests in commonplace rolling thunderstorms throughout the summer months and snowfall amounts more akin to the lake-pocked higher elevations of the Adirondacks in the winter months.

Climate data for Gloversville, New York (12078)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 68
(20)
62
(16.7)
83
(28.3)
90
(32.2)
90
(32.2)
96
(35.6)
98
(36.7)
96
(35.6)
99
(37.2)
87
(30.6)
77
(25)
66
(18.9)
99
(37.2)
Average high °F (°C) 28
(-2.2)
32
(0)
41
(5)
55
(12.8)
68
(20)
76
(24.4)
80
(26.7)
79
(26.1)
71
(21.7)
58
(14.4)
46
(7.8)
34
(1.1)
55.7
(13.15)
Average low °F (°C) 10
(-12.2)
11
(-11.7)
21
(-6.1)
33
(0.6)
44
(6.7)
54
(12.2)
58
(14.4)
57
(13.9)
48
(8.9)
36
(2.2)
28
(-2.2)
17
(-8.3)
34.8
(1.53)
Record low °F (°C) −29
(-33.9)
−26
(-32.2)
−14
(-25.6)
5
(-15)
24
(-4.4)
34
(1.1)
40
(4.4)
34
(1.1)
22
(-5.6)
17
(-8.3)
0
(-17.8)
−23
(-30.6)
−28
(-33.3)
Precipitation inches (mm) 3.20
(81.3)
2.89
(73.4)
3.88
(98.6)
3.95
(100.3)
4.16
(105.7)
4.65
(118.1)
4.35
(110.5)
4.57
(116.1)
3.70
(94)
4.53
(115.1)
3.10
(78.7)
3.51
(89.2)
46.49
(1,180.8)
Snowfall inches (cm) 24.2
(61.5)
16.5
(41.9)
13.4
(34)
1.7
(4.3)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.1
(0.3)
3.7
(9.4)
17.4
(44.2)
77.0
(195.6)
Source: The Weather Channel

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 4,518
1880 7,133 57.9%
1890 13,864 94.4%
1900 18,349 32.3%
1910 20,642 12.5%
1920 22,075 6.9%
1930 23,099 4.6%
1940 23,329 1.0%
1950 23,634 1.3%
1960 21,741 −8.0%
1970 19,677 −9.5%
1980 17,836 −9.4%
1990 16,656 −6.6%
2000 15,413 −7.5%
2010 15,665 1.6%
Est. 2015 15,023 −4.1%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census of 2010, there were 15,665 people, 6,486 households, and 3,763 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,047.7 people per square mile (1,176.9/km²). There were 7,477 housing units at an average density of 1,454.7 per square mile (561.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 93.4% White, 2.8% African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 0.9% some other race, and 2.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.4% of the population.

In the city, the population was spread out with 24.9% under the age of 18, 9.3% from 18 to 24, 26.1% from 25 to 44, 25.8% from 45 to 64, and 14.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37.1 years. For every 100 females there were 92.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.9 males.

For the period 2010-14, the estimated median annual income for a household in the city was $35,317, and the median income for a family was $47,114. Male full-time workers had a median income of $39,682 versus $30,288 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,949. About 20.7% of families and 25.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 36.4% of those under age 18 and 15.2% of those age 65 or over.


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