Carroll County, Mississippi facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Carroll County, Mississippi
Map
Map of Mississippi highlighting Carroll County
Location in the state of Mississippi
Map of the USA highlighting Mississippi
Mississippi's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded 1833
Seat Carrollton (Northern District)
Vaiden (Southern District)
Largest City Vaiden
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

635 sq mi (1,645 km²)
628 sq mi (1,627 km²)
6.3 sq mi (16 km²), 1.0%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

10,597
17/sq mi (7/km²)
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Named for: Charles Carroll of Carrollton

Carroll County is a county located in the U.S. state of Mississippi. As of the 2010 census, the population was 10,597. Its county seats are Carollton and Vaiden. The county is named for Charles Carroll of Carrollton, the last surviving signatory of the U.S. Declaration of Independence.

Carroll County is part of the Greenwood, MS Micropolitan Statistical Area. Bordered by the Yazoo River on the west and the Big Black River to the east, it is considered within the Mississippi Delta region. Most of its land is in the hill country.

The Porter Wagoner song "The Carroll County Accident" was set here. The county is referred to in the third verse of Bobbie Gentry's 1967 hit song, "Ode to Billie Joe".

History

This area was developed by European Americans for cotton plantations near the rivers. After the American Civil War, many freedmen worked as sharecroppers or tenant farmers on the plantations. Other areas were used for timber. In 1890 the state legislature disenfranchised most blacks, who were a majority in the state, by creating barriers to voter registration; it also passed Jim Crow laws, treating freedmen and their descendants as second-class citizens.

From 1877 to 1950, there were 19 lynchings of blacks in Carroll County. It was a form of racial terrorism that was at its height at the turn of the 20th century.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 635 square miles (1,640 km2), of which 628 square miles (1,630 km2) is land and 6.3 square miles (16 km2) (1.0%) is water.

Major highways

  • I-55.svg Interstate 55
  • US 51.svg U.S. Route 51
  • US 82.svg U.S. Route 82
  • Circle sign 17.svg Mississippi Highway 17
  • Circle sign 35.svg Mississippi Highway 35

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 10,481
1850 18,491 76.4%
1860 22,035 19.2%
1870 21,047 −4.5%
1880 17,795 −15.5%
1890 18,773 5.5%
1900 22,116 17.8%
1910 23,139 4.6%
1920 20,324 −12.2%
1930 19,765 −2.8%
1940 20,651 4.5%
1950 15,499 −24.9%
1960 11,177 −27.9%
1970 9,397 −15.9%
1980 9,776 4.0%
1990 9,237 −5.5%
2000 10,769 16.6%
2010 10,597 −1.6%
Est. 2015 10,243 −3.3%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013
CarrollCountySwamp
Swamp in Carroll County in winter

As of the census of 2000, there were 10,769 people, 4,071 households, and 3,069 families residing in the county. The population density was 17 people per square mile (7/km²). There were 4,888 housing units at an average density of 8 per square mile (3/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 62.67% White, 36.61% Black or African American, 0.07% Native American, 0.16% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.13% from other races, and 0.36% from two or more races. 0.73% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 4,071 households out of which 32.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.20% were married couples living together, 15.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.60% were non-families. 22.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.01.

According to the census of 2000, the largest ancestry groups in Carroll County were English 51%, African 38.6% and Scots-Irish 12.1%

In the county, the population was spread out with 24.50% under the age of 18, 9.60% from 18 to 24, 26.70% from 25 to 44, 25.70% from 45 to 64, and 13.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 99.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $28,878, and the median income for a family was $35,711. Males had a median income of $28,459 versus $19,695 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,744. About 13.70% of families and 16.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.30% of those under age 18 and 23.50% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Towns

Unincorporated places

Notable people

  • Henry Pinckney McCain - born in Carroll County, 1861
  • John S. McCain, Sr. - born in Carroll County, 1894; became admiral in US Navy, served during World War II
  • Mississippi John Hurt - born in Carroll County, ca. 1893, blues musician

Carroll County, Mississippi Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.