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Carroll County, Mississippi facts for kids

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Carroll County
Carroll County Courthouse
Carroll County Courthouse
Map of Mississippi highlighting Carroll County
Location within the U.S. state of Mississippi
Map of the United States highlighting Mississippi
Mississippi's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  Mississippi
Founded 1833
Named for Charles Carroll of Carrollton
Seat Carrollton (Northern District)
Vaiden (Southern District)
Largest town Vaiden
 • Total 635 sq mi (1,640 km2)
 • Land 628 sq mi (1,630 km2)
 • Water 6.3 sq mi (16 km2)  1.0%
 • Total 10,597
 • Estimate 
 • Density 16.688/sq mi (6.443/km2)
Time zone UTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district 2nd

Carroll County is a county in the U.S. state of Mississippi. As of the 2010 census, the population was 10,597. Its county seats are Carrollton and Vaiden. The county is named for Charles Carroll of Carrollton, the last surviving signatory of the Declaration of Independence.

Carroll County is part of the Greenwood, Micropolitan Statistical Area. Bordered by the Yazoo River on the west and the Big Black River to the east, it is considered within the Mississippi Delta region. Most of its land is in the hill country.

The Porter Wagoner song "The Carroll County Accident" was set here. The county is referred to in the third verse of Bobbie Gentry's 1967 hit song, "Ode to Billie Joe".


This area was developed by European Americans for cotton plantations near the rivers. After the American Civil War, many freedmen worked as sharecroppers or tenant farmers on the plantations. Other areas were used for timber. In 1890 the state legislature disenfranchised most blacks, who were a majority in the state, by creating barriers to voter registration; it also passed Jim Crow laws, treating freedmen and their descendants as second-class citizens.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 635 square miles (1,640 km2), of which 628 square miles (1,630 km2) is land and 6.3 square miles (16 km2) (1.0%) is water.

Major highways

  • I-55.svg Interstate 55
  • US 51.svg U.S. Route 51
  • US 82.svg U.S. Route 82
  • Circle sign 17.svg Mississippi Highway 17
  • Circle sign 35.svg Mississippi Highway 35

Adjacent counties


Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 10,481
1850 18,491 76.4%
1860 22,035 19.2%
1870 21,047 −4.5%
1880 17,795 −15.5%
1890 18,773 5.5%
1900 22,116 17.8%
1910 23,139 4.6%
1920 20,324 −12.2%
1930 19,765 −2.8%
1940 20,651 4.5%
1950 15,499 −24.9%
1960 11,177 −27.9%
1970 9,397 −15.9%
1980 9,776 4.0%
1990 9,237 −5.5%
2000 10,769 16.6%
2010 10,597 −1.6%
2018 (est.) 9,911 −6.5%
US Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013
Swamp in Carroll County in winter

From 1940 to 1970, the county population declined markedly, as many African Americans left in the Great Migration to West Coast cities that had a growing defense industry. Others went North to Chicago and other industrial cities. Rural whites also moved to cities to find work.

2020 census

Carroll County racial composition
Race Num. Perc.
White (non-Hispanic) 6,529 65.3%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 3,030 30.31%
Native American 15 0.15%
Asian 29 0.29%
Other/Mixed 241 2.41%
Hispanic or Latino 154 1.54%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 9,998 people, 3,827 households, and 2,685 families residing in the county.



Unincorporated places

Notable people


Carroll County School District is the area public school district. It operates one high school, J. Z. George High School, and formerly operated Vaiden High School.

Carroll Academy is an area private school that is financially supported by the Council of Conservative Citizens, a white supremacist group.

Pillow Academy in unincorporated Leflore County, near Greenwood, enrolls some students from Carroll County. It originally was a segregation academy.

Notable people

Black History Month on Kiddle
Famous African-American Scientists:
Dorothy Vaughan
Charles Henry Turner
Hildrus Poindexter
Henry Cecil McBay
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