kids encyclopedia robot

Montgomery County, Mississippi facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Quick facts for kids
Montgomery County
U.S. Post Office in Winona.
U.S. Post Office in Winona.
Map of Mississippi highlighting Montgomery County
Location within the U.S. state of Mississippi
Map of the United States highlighting Mississippi
Mississippi's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  Mississippi
Founded 1871
Seat Winona
Largest city Winona
 • Total 408 sq mi (1,060 km2)
 • Land 407 sq mi (1,050 km2)
 • Water 0.9 sq mi (2 km2)  0.2%
 • Total 10,925
 • Estimate 
 • Density 26.78/sq mi (10.339/km2)
Time zone UTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district 2nd

Montgomery County is a county located in the U.S. state of Mississippi. As of the 2010 census, the population was 10,925. Its county seat is Winona.

The county is said to be named in honor either of Richard Montgomery, an American Revolutionary War general killed in 1775 while attempting to capture Quebec City, Canada, or for Montgomery County, Tennessee, from which an early settler came. In the latter case, it would have been indirectly named after John Montgomery, a settler in Montgomery County, Tennessee, who founded the city of Clarksville, Tennessee, in the same county.

The Big Black River passes through the southern part of the county, flowing southwest to its confluence with the Mississippi River south of Vicksburg.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 408 square miles (1,060 km2), of which 407 square miles (1,050 km2) is land and 0.9 square miles (2.3 km2) (0.2%) is water. It is the fourth-smallest county in Mississippi by total area.

Major highways

Adjacent counties


This area was occupied in historic times by the Choctaw people. Their ancestors had inhabited the area for thousands of years. Under the Indian Removal Act of 1830, the United States forced most of the Native Americans west of the Mississippi River in order to open their lands to settlement by European Americans.

Much of the area of Montgomery County was developed for cotton plantations before and after the Civil War, where most of the labor was supplied by African Americans, enslaved before the war and freed afterward. The county was organized in 1871, during the Reconstruction era. The eastern hilly areas became a center of timber industry.

As was the case across much of rural Mississippi, population in this county declined markedly from 1910 to 1920, and from 1940 to 1970. The peak of population in the county was in 1910. In addition to labor changes because of mechanization of agriculture, the periods of decline are related to the Great Migration of blacks out of the rural and small town South seeking jobs, education and other opportunities in other regions. As a result, Mississippi changed from majority black (56%) in 1910 to majority white (63%) by 1970.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 13,348
1890 14,459 8.3%
1900 16,536 14.4%
1910 17,706 7.1%
1920 13,805 −22.0%
1930 15,009 8.7%
1940 15,703 4.6%
1950 14,470 −7.9%
1960 13,320 −7.9%
1970 12,918 −3.0%
1980 13,366 3.5%
1990 12,388 −7.3%
2000 12,189 −1.6%
2010 10,925 −10.4%
2018 (est.) 10,023 −8.3%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013

2020 census

Montgomery County racial composition
Race Num. Perc.
White (non-Hispanic) 5,094 51.86%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 4,364 44.43%
Native American 9 0.09%
Asian 24 0.24%
Other/Mixed 225 2.29%
Hispanic or Latino 106 1.08%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 9,822 people, 4,539 households, and 3,064 families residing in the county.

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 10,925 people living in the county. 53.0% were White, 45.5% Black or African American, 0.4% Asian, 0.1% Native American, 0.5% of some other race and 0.5% of two or more races. 0.9% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race).




Unincorporated communities

Ghost town


  • Public School Districts
    • Winona - Montgomery Consolidated School District
  • Private Schools
    • Winona Christian School

Notable residents

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Condado de Montgomery (Misisipi) para niños

Black History Month on Kiddle
Renowned African-American Artists:
Selma Burke
Pauline Powell Burns
Frederick J. Brown
Robert Blackburn
kids search engine
Montgomery County, Mississippi Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.