Choctaw County, Mississippi facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Choctaw County, Mississippi
Map

Location in the state of Mississippi
Map of the USA highlighting Mississippi
Mississippi's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded 1833
Seat Ackerman
Largest town Ackerman
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

420 sq mi (1,088 km²)
418 sq mi (1,083 km²)
1.7 sq mi (4 km²), 0.4%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

8,547
20/sq mi (8/km²)
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Named for: Choctaw people

Choctaw County is a county located in the central part of U.S. state of Mississippi. As of the 2010 census, the population was 8,547. Its northern border is the Big Black River, which flows southwest into the Mississippi south of Vicksburg. The county seat is Ackerman. The county is named after the Choctaw tribe of Native Americans who long occupied this territory as their homeland before being forced out by federal troops under the Indian Removal Act of 1830.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 420 square miles (1,100 km2), of which 418 square miles (1,080 km2) is land and 1.7 square miles (4.4 km2) (0.4%) is water. The Big Black River forms the county's northern border.

Adjacent counties

National protected areas

  • Natchez Trace Parkway (part)
  • Tombigbee National Forest (part)

Demographics

The table to the right reflects major decreases in population from 1910 to 1920, and from 1940 to 1960. These were periods of the Great Migration from the South by African Americans, who first moved to jobs in industrial cities in the North and Midwest. In the 1940s and after, they moved to the West Coast for jobs in the defense industry. Farm work declined with mechanization of agriculture. But blacks also migrated to escape the violence and social repression of Mississippi, where they had been essentially disenfranchised since 1890 and lived under Jim Crow laws.

Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 6,010
1850 11,402 89.7%
1860 15,722 37.9%
1870 16,988 8.1%
1880 9,036 −46.8%
1890 10,847 20.0%
1900 13,036 20.2%
1910 14,357 10.1%
1920 12,491 −13.0%
1930 12,339 −1.2%
1940 13,548 9.8%
1950 11,009 −18.7%
1960 8,423 −23.5%
1970 8,440 0.2%
1980 8,996 6.6%
1990 9,071 0.8%
2000 9,758 7.6%
2010 8,543 −12.5%
Est. 2015 8,299 −2.9%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 8,543 people residing in the county. 68.1% were White, 30.2% African American, 0.3% U.S. Census, 0.2% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.1% from some other race and 1.1% of two or more races. 1.4% were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

As of the census of 2000, there were 9,758 people, 3,686 households, and 2,668 families residing in the county. The population density was 23 people per square mile (9/km²). There were 4,249 housing units at an average density of 10 per square mile (4/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 68.03% White, 30.68% Black or African American, 0.31% Native American, 0.13% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.42% from other races, and 0.42% from two or more races. 0.81% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 3,686 households out of which 32.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.30% were married couples living together, 14.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.60% were non-families. 25.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 3.06.

In the county, the population was spread out with 27.80% under the age of 18, 8.80% from 18 to 24, 24.90% from 25 to 44, 23.50% from 45 to 64, and 15.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 91.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $27,020, and the median income for a family was $31,095. Males had a median income of $26,966 versus $17,798 for females. The per capita income for the county was $13,474. About 17.70% of families and 24.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 33.80% of those under age 18 and 21.30% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Towns

Unincorporated communities

Ghost towns


Choctaw County, Mississippi Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.