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Central New York facts for kids

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Central New York is the central region of New York State, roughly including the following counties and cities:

Cayuga County Auburn
Cortland County Cortland
Madison County Oneida
Onondaga County Syracuse (largest city in the region)
Oswego County Fulton and Oswego

Under this definition, the region has a population of about 773,606 (2009), and includes the Syracuse metropolitan area. The total area of the above counties is 3,715 square miles (9,620 km2).

Definitions

Note: Cortland County and Tompkins County are often considered part of the New York State region called the Southern Tier; the ski country demarcation line runs through Cortland County. Tompkins County, which features Ithaca at the end of Cayuga Lake, is also considered part of the Finger Lakes. Oneida County and Herkimer County are often considered part of the New York State region called the Mohawk Valley, although the "Central New York" and "Mohawk Valley" definitions overlap, and neither definition is mutually exclusive. Therefore, Tompkins County, Cortland County, Oneida County, and Herkimer County are only Central New York in the broader sense of the phrase "Central New York".

Only Onondaga County, Cayuga County, Oswego County and Madison County are always considered "Central New York".

The New York State Department of Transportation's definition of the Central/Eastern region includes the counties of Albany, Broome, Chenango, Columbia, Cortland, Delaware, Fulton, Greene, Herkimer, Madison, Montgomery, Oneida, Onondaga, Oswego, Otsego, Rensselaer, Saratoga, Schenectady, Schoharie, Sullivan, Ulster, and Washington, but does not commit itself to a definition of Central New York per se.

History

During the early historic period, the Iroquois (Haudenosaunee, Five Nations) successfully excluded Algonquian tribes from the region.

The Central New York Military Tract (land reserved from soldiers of the American Revolution) was located here. Many towns derived from the tracts have classical names.

Speech patterns

Many Central New Yorkers pronounce elementary as instead of the General American pronunciations of and. The r-colored vowels in documentary and complimentary follow suit.

Higher education

The major colleges and universities in the region include Syracuse University, SUNY Upstate Medical University, Colgate University, Hamilton College, Le Moyne College, SUNY Oswego, SUNY Cortland, Utica College, SUNY ESF, Cazenovia College, Morrisville State College, Wells College and SUNY Polytechnic Institute.

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