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Colbert County, Alabama facts for kids

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Colbert County
Colbert County Courthouse in Tuscumbia
Colbert County Courthouse in Tuscumbia
Map of Alabama highlighting Colbert County
Location within the U.S. state of Alabama
Map of the United States highlighting Alabama
Alabama's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 610: attempt to index field 'wikibase' (a nil value).
Country  United States
State  Alabama
Founded February 6, 1867
Named for George and Levi Colbert
Seat Tuscumbia
Largest city Muscle Shoals
 • Total 622 sq mi (1,610 km2)
 • Land 593 sq mi (1,540 km2)
 • Water 30 sq mi (80 km2)  4.7%
 • Total 57,227
 • Density 92.00/sq mi (35.523/km2)
Time zone UTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district 4th
  • County Number 20 on Alabama Licence Plates
Colbert County Courthouse Square District Marker
Colbert County Courthouse Square District Historic Marker, September 2007

Colbert County is a county located in the northwestern part of the U.S. state of Alabama. As of the 2020 census the county's population was 57,227. The county seat is Tuscumbia. The largest city is Muscle Shoals. The county is named in honor of brothers George and Levi Colbert, Chickasaw Indian chiefs.

Colbert County is part of the Florence-Muscle Shoals, AL Metropolitan Statistical Area, also known as "The Shoals".


Colbert County was originally established on February 6, 1867 after it split from Franklin County over political issues after the American Civil War. It was abolished eight months later on November 29, 1867 by an Alabama constitutional convention and then reestablished on February 24, 1870. It is also the location of Ivy Green, the birthplace of noted author Helen Keller. Colbert County is also home of the towns Sheffield and Muscle Shoals where many popular musicians such as Aretha Franklin and the Rolling Stones recorded music. Colbert County is the home of the Key Underwood Coon Dog Memorial Graveyard established in 1937.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 622 square miles (1,610 km2), of which 593 square miles (1,540 km2) is land and 30 square miles (78 km2) (4.7%) is water.

National protected area

  • Natchez Trace Parkway (part)


Adjacent Counties


Major Highways

  • US 43.svg U.S. Highway 43
  • US 72.svg U.S. Highway 72
  • Alabama 20.svg State Route 20
  • Alabama 133.svg State Route 133
  • Alabama 157.svg State Route 157
  • Alabama 184.svg State Route 184
  • Alabama 247.svg State Route 247
  • Natchez Trace Parkway


  • Norfolk Southern Railway - freight lines going South, East, and West.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 12,537
1880 16,153 28.8%
1890 20,189 25.0%
1900 22,341 10.7%
1910 24,802 11.0%
1920 31,997 29.0%
1930 29,860 −6.7%
1940 34,093 14.2%
1950 39,561 16.0%
1960 46,506 17.6%
1970 49,632 6.7%
1980 54,519 9.8%
1990 51,666 −5.2%
2000 54,984 6.4%
2010 54,428 −1.0%
2020 57,227 5.1%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2020

As of the census of 2000, there were 54,984 people, 22,461 households, and 16,037 families residing in the county. The population density was 92 people per square mile (36/km2). There were 24,980 housing units at an average density of 42 per square mile (16/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 78.52% White or European American (non-Hispanic), 16.62% Black or African American, 0.37% Native American, 0.24% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.34% from other races, and 0.89% from two or more races. 1.12% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.


According to the 2010 United States Census Bureau:

There were 22,461 households, out of which 30.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.00% were married couples living together, 12.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.60% were non-families. 26.10% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 2.92.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 23.80% under the age of 18, 8.10% from 18 to 24, 27.80% from 25 to 44, 24.90% from 45 to 64, and 15.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 91.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $31,954, and the median income for a family was $39,294. Males had a median income of $32,112 versus $20,107 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,533. About 11.10% of families and 14.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.40% of those under age 18 and 11.90% of those age 65 or over.




Unincorporated communities

In popular culture

  • Colbert County was featured in a three-part comedy feature on Comedy Central's The Colbert Report from November 28–30, 2006.
  • Colbert County is the setting for the Drive-by Truckers song, "Putting People on the Moon"
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