Comal County, Texas facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Comal County, Texas
Seal of Comal County, Texas
Map
Map of Texas highlighting Comal County
Location in the state of Texas
Map of the USA highlighting Texas
Texas's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded 1846
Seat New Braunfels
Largest City New Braunfels
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

575 sq mi (1,489 km²)
559 sq mi (1,448 km²)
15 sq mi (39 km²), 2.7%
PopulationEst.
 - (2014)
 - Density

123,694
221/sq mi (85/km²)
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website: www.co.comal.tx.us

Comal County (/ˈkmæl/ KOH-mal) is a county located on the Edwards Plateau in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 108,472. Its county seat is New Braunfels.

Comal County is part of the San Antonio-New Braunfels, TX Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Along with Hays and Kendall counties, Comal was listed in 2017 of the nation's ten fastest-growing large counties with a population of at least ten thousand. From 2015 to 2016, Comal County, sixth on the list, grew by 5,675 newcomers, or 4.4 percent. Kendall County, the second-fastest-growing county in the nation, grew by 5.16 percent. Hays County, third on the national list, had nearly ten thousand new residents during the year. As a result of this growth, the counties have experienced new home construction, traffic congestion, and greater demand for public services. Bexar County. which includes San Antonio, grew by 1.75 percent during the year, but its sheer number of new residents exceeded 33,000.

History

  • Early native American inhabitants include Tonkawa, Waco, Karankawa and Lipan Apache.
  • 1700-1758 The area becomes known as “Comal”, Spanish for “flat dish”. Nuestra Senora de Guadalupe Mission at Comal Springs.
  • 1825 Coahuila y Tejas issues land grant for Comal Springs to Juan Martín de Veramendi.
  • 1842 Adelsverein organized in Germany to promote emigration to Texas. Fisher-Miller Land Grant sets aside three million acres (12,000 km²) to settle 600 families and single men of German, Dutch, Swiss, Danish, Swedish, and Norwegian ancestry in Texas.
  • 1844, June 26 - Henry Francis Fisher sells interest in land grant to Adelsverein
  • 1845 Prince Carl of Solms-Braunfels secures title to 1,265 acres (5.12 km2) of the Veramendi grant, including the Comal Springs and River, for the Adelsverein. Thousands of German immigrants are stranded at port of disembarkation Indianaola on Matagorda Bay. With no food or shelters, living in holes dug into the ground, an estimated 50% die from disease or starvation. The living begin to walk to their destinations hundreds of miles away. 200 German colonists who walked from Indianola found the town of New Braunfels at the crossing of the San Antonio-Nacogdches Road on the Guadalupe River. John O. Meusebach arrives in Galveston.
  • 1846 March - Texas legislature forms Comal County from the Eighth Precinct of Bexar County. New Braunfels is the county seat.
  • 1850 Survey of 130 German farms in Comal reveals no slave laborers.
  • 1852 Neu-Braunfelser Zeitung begins publication, initially only in German, deriving its name 16th Century Germany's prototype of a newspaper titled Zeitung.
  • 1854 County is divided into eight public school districts. The Texas State Convention of Germans meet in San Antonio and adopt a political, social and religious platform, including: 1) Equal pay for equal work; 2) Direct election of the President of the United States; 3) Abolition of capital punishment; 4) “Slavery is an evil, the abolition of which is a requirement of democratic principles..”; 5) Free schools – including universities - supported by the state, without religious influence; and 6) Total separation of church and state.
  • 1858 Final county boundaries determination with the separation of part of western Comal County to Blanco and Kendall counties. New Braunfels votes in a school tax.
  • 1861 Comal County votes for secession from the Union. Contributes three all-German volunteer companies-to the Confederate cause.
  • 1887 Faust Street Bridge built over the Guadalupe River.
  • 1898 Comal County limestone courthouse erected. Romanesque Revival style. Architect James Riely Gordon.
  • 1920s - County establishes itself as a manufacturing and shipping center for textiles, garments, flour, and construction materials.
  • 1960 Four students at St. Mary’s University San Antonio discover Natural Bridge Caverns, the largest known commercial caverns in the state of Texas.
  • 1961 Comal’s first Wurstfest draws a crowd of 2,000.
  • 1964 Canyon Lake impoundment, boosting tourism and related industries.

Darmstadt Society of Forty

Count Castell of the Adelsverein negotiated with the separate Darmstadt Society of Forty to colonize two hundred families on the Fisher-Miller Land Grant territory in Texas. In return, they were to receive $12,000 in money, livestock, equipment and provisions for a year. After the first year, the colonies were expected to support themselves. The colonies attempted were Castell, Leiningen, Bettina, Schoenburg and Meerholz in Llano County; Darmstädler Farm in Comal County; and Tusculum in Kendall County. Of these, only Castell survives. The colonies failed after the Adelsverein funding expired, and also due to conflict of structure and authorities. Some members moved to other Adelsverein settlements in Texas. Others moved elsewhere, or returned to Germany.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 575 square miles (1,490 km2), of which 559 square miles (1,450 km2) is land and 15 square miles (39 km2) (2.7%) is water.

The Balcones Escarpment runs northeastward through the county, generally just west of Interstate 35. West of the escarpment are the rocky hills and canyons of the Texas Hill Country; to the east are the rolling grasslands of the coastal plains.

The Guadalupe River flows generally southeastward through the county, and is impounded by Canyon Lake. The Comal River rises from the Comal Springs in New Braunfels, and quickly joins the Guadalupe River.

Major highways

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 1,723
1860 4,030 133.9%
1870 5,283 31.1%
1880 5,546 5.0%
1890 6,398 15.4%
1900 7,008 9.5%
1910 8,434 20.3%
1920 8,824 4.6%
1930 11,984 35.8%
1940 12,321 2.8%
1950 16,357 32.8%
1960 19,844 21.3%
1970 24,165 21.8%
1980 36,446 50.8%
1990 51,832 42.2%
2000 78,021 50.5%
2010 108,472 39.0%
Est. 2015 129,048 19.0%
U.S. Decennial Census
1850–2010 2010–2014

As of the census of 2010, there were 108,472 people, 29,066 households, and 21,886 families residing in the county. The population density was 139 people per square mile (54/km²). There were 32,718 housing units at an average density of 58 per square mile (22/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 89.08% White, 0.95% Black or African American, 0.53% Native American, 0.46% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 6.98% from other races, and 1.96% from two or more races. 22.57% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 29,066 households out of which 33.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.80% were married couples living together, 9.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.70% were non-families. 20.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.64 and the average family size was 3.05.

A Williams Institute analysis of 2010 census data found there were about 4.4 same-sex couples per 1,000 households in the county.

In the county, the population was spread out with 25.50% under the age of 18, 7.00% from 18 to 24, 27.50% from 25 to 44, 25.20% from 45 to 64, and 14.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 96.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $46,147, and the median income for a family was $52,455. Males had a median income of $36,048 versus $25,940 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,914. About 6.40% of families and 8.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.50% of those under age 18 and 7.30% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Cities (multiple counties)

Cities

Towns

Census-designated place

  • Canyon Lake

Other unincorporated communities

Ghost towns

In popular culture

  • The Jason Boland song "Comal County Blue" is about the county.
  • The Bleu Edmondson song "No Room For Mercy" takes place in the county.

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