Copper Harbor, Michigan facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Copper Harbor, Michigan
Unincorporated community
Looking east in downtown Copper Harbor
Looking east in downtown Copper Harbor
Motto: Where the road ends and adventure begins
Country United States
State Michigan
County Keweenaw
Township Grant Township
Area
 • Land 2.831 sq mi (7.33 km2)
Elevation 605 ft (184 m)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 49918
Area code(s) 906
FIPS code 26-18100
Website www.copperharbor.org/

Copper Harbor is a small unincorporated community in northeastern Keweenaw County in the U.S. state of Michigan. It is within Grant Township on the Keweenaw Peninsula which juts out from the Upper Peninsula of Michigan into Lake Superior.

History

The town's name alludes to the former use of its harbor as a port for shipping copper mined from local deposits during the mid-19th century.

The Pittsburgh and Boston Mining Company, formed by John Hays of Cleveland, Ohio, began operating in Copper Harbor in 1844. It was a small development at first, but its mine was modern for its time, and the company struck it rich in 1845. A few years later, the Central and other mines opened and became successful. By 1870, the copper resources had been largely worked out.

Mining activity no longer exists, and the town's harbor is mostly used for recreational purposes such as snowmobiling and for a ferry that connects Isle Royale National Park to northern Michigan.

Parks and recreation

The Copper Harbor Lighthouse is situated at the opening of the harbor. Nearby is Fort Wilkins Historic State Park, a restored 1844 frontier army base originally built to protect the port in the early years of the copper mining boom.

Transportation

The town is the northern terminus of US 41 (both in Michigan and nationally) and the eastern terminus of M-26. Both approaches to Copper Harbor, the shore-hugging M-26 from Eagle Harbor and the more inland, rugged US 41 offer dramatic views, as does the Brockway Mountain Drive overlook. Also, one can follow Manganese Road from the town's center to Manganese Falls and the Estivant Pines, among the oldest and tallest remaining strands of virgin white pines in Michigan.

Copper Harbor
Copper Harbor as seen from the harbor in 2012
CopperHarborMI GiftShop
A gift shop in Copper Harbor

Geography

Copper Harbor is at 47°28′08″N 87°53′18″W / 47.4687939°N 87.8884416°W / 47.4687939; -87.8884416Coordinates: 47°28′08″N 87°53′18″W / 47.4687939°N 87.8884416°W / 47.4687939; -87.8884416; this puts it further north than anywhere in the state of Maine. The ZIP code is 49918 and the FIPS place code is 18100.

Climate

Copper Harbor has a humid continental climate. Summers are warm but rarely hot due to the moderating influence of Lake Superior, whilst winters are cold and snowy, albeit milder than areas on similar parallels to the west, due to the low-scale maritime moderation. Although winter temperatures are similar to those in nearest large metropolitan city Minneapolis a couple of degrees latitude south-west, the main difference being that March is also a winter month in Copper Harbor, since the marine effects delay spring.

Climate data for Copper Harbor, Michigan (1981–2010 normals, extremes 1972–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 46
(7.8)
55
(12.8)
70
(21.1)
83
(28.3)
89
(31.7)
94
(34.4)
99
(37.2)
94
(34.4)
95
(35)
81
(27.2)
67
(19.4)
56
(13.3)
99
(-17.8)
Average high °F (°C) 23.1
(-4.94)
25.9
(-3.39)
34.7
(1.5)
46.0
(7.78)
58.9
(14.94)
67.5
(19.72)
74.0
(23.33)
74.0
(23.33)
66.0
(18.89)
52.3
(11.28)
39.1
(3.94)
27.8
(-2.33)
49.11
(9.505)
Average low °F (°C) 9.8
(-12.33)
10.1
(-12.17)
18.2
(-7.67)
29.8
(-1.22)
39.4
(4.11)
47.0
(8.33)
54.9
(12.72)
56.9
(13.83)
50.5
(10.28)
39.1
(3.94)
28.0
(-2.22)
17.1
(-8.28)
33.4
(0.778)
Record low °F (°C) −18
(-27.8)
−22
(-30)
−23
(-30.6)
−2
(-18.9)
22
(-5.6)
32
(0)
42
(5.6)
44
(6.7)
30
(-1.1)
21
(-6.1)
6
(-14.4)
−8
(-22.2)
-23
(-17.8)
Precipitation inches (mm) 2.65
(67.3)
1.44
(36.6)
1.71
(43.4)
2.18
(55.4)
3.11
(79)
2.69
(68.3)
2.18
(55.4)
2.63
(66.8)
2.96
(75.2)
3.28
(83.3)
2.83
(71.9)
2.33
(59.2)
29.99
(761.7)
Snowfall inches (cm) 42.9
(109)
22.5
(57.2)
13.1
(33.3)
6.6
(16.8)
0.5
(1.3)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.3
(0.8)
9.9
(25.1)
28.9
(73.4)
124.7
(316.7)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 15.9 11.5 8.0 7.8 10.0 8.7 8.7 7.4 10.3 11.9 10.7 12.9 123.8
Avg. snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 18.1 12.3 6.8 3.1 0.2 0 0 0 0 0.5 5.9 12.5 59.4
Source: NOAA

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Copper Harbor, Michigan Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.