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Corner Brook
City
City of Corner Brook
Overlooking City of Corner Brook
Overlooking City of Corner Brook
Flag of Corner Brook
Flag
Coat of arms of Corner Brook
Coat of arms
Motto(s): 
"Our Spirit... Your Success"
Corner Brook is located in Newfoundland
Corner Brook
Corner Brook
Location in Newfoundland
Corner Brook is located in Newfoundland and Labrador
Corner Brook
Corner Brook
Location in Newfoundland and Labrador
Country Canada
Province Newfoundland and Labrador
Census division 5
Settled 1956
Government
 • Type Municipal
Area
 • City 148.26 km2 (57.24 sq mi)
 • Metro
255.10 km2 (98.49 sq mi)
Elevation
0 - 304 m (0 – 998 ft)
Population
 (2021)
 • City 19,333
 • Metro
29,762
Time zone UTC-3:30 (Newfoundland Time)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-2:30 (Newfoundland Daylight)
Area code(s) 709
Website cornerbrook.com

Corner Brook (2021 population: 19,333 CA 29,762) is a city located on the west coast of the island of Newfoundland in the province of Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada. Corner Brook is the fifth largest settlement in Newfoundland and Labrador.

Located on the Bay of Islands at the mouth of the Humber River, the city is the second-largest population centre in the province behind St. John's, and smallest of three cities behind St. John's and Mount Pearl. As such, Corner Brook functions as a service centre for western and northern Newfoundland. It is located on the same latitude as Gaspé, Quebec, a city of similar size and landscape on the other side of the Gulf of St. Lawrence. Corner Brook is the most northern city in Atlantic Canada.

It is the administrative headquarters of the Qalipu Mi'kmaq First Nations band government. The Mi'kmaq name for the nearby Humber River is "Maqtukwek".

History

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1945 5,464 —    
1951 13,835 +153.2%
1956 23,225 +67.9%
1961 25,185 +8.4%
1971 26,309 +4.5%
1981 24,339 −7.5%
1986 22,719 −6.7%
1991 22,410 −1.4%
1996 21,893 −2.3%
2001 20,103 −8.2%
2006 20,083 −0.1%
2011 19,886 −1.0%
The 1945 and 1951 population figures have been adjusted to reflect the city's amalgamation on January 1, 1956.

The area was surveyed by Captain James Cook in 1767. The Captain James Cook Historic Site stands on Crow Hill overlooking the city. By the middle of the 19th century the population of Corner Brook was less than 100, and the inhabitants were engaged in fishing and lumber work.

The area was originally four distinct communities, each with unique commercial activities: Curling, with its fishery; Corner Brook West (also known as Humber West or Westside) with its retail businesses; Corner Brook East (also known as Humbermouth and the Heights) with its railway and industrial operations; and Townsite (known as Corner Brook), home to the employees of the pulp and paper mill. In 1956, these four communities were amalgamated to form the present-day City of Corner Brook.

Corner Brook Pulp and Paper NFLD4
The Corner Brook Pulp & Paper Mill

Corner Brook is home to the Corner Brook Pulp & Paper Mill (owned by Kruger Inc.), which is a major employer for the region. The city has the largest regional hospital in western Newfoundland. It also has a wide array of shopping and retail businesses and federal and provincial government offices. It is also home to Grenfell Campus, Memorial University, as well as campuses of Academy Canada and College of the North Atlantic. Corner Brook is also home to the province's newest high school, Corner Brook Regional High, which is an amalgamation of the former Regina and Herdman Collegiate high schools.

Arts and culture

Grenfell Campus Arts and Science Extension August 2013
The Arts and Science building of Grenfell Campus, Corner Brook

Corner Brook is home to Grenfell Campus, Memorial University where a strong and vivacious arts community exists both within the school and well into the public. Corner Brook Arts and Culture Centre among other institutions thrive in promoting the arts on all levels from visual arts to theatre and well beyond.

Corner Brook is home to Stage West Theatre Festival, a summer theatre festival running through the month of July, and Gros Morne Summer Music, a classical music festival that spans July and August.

The March Hare literary festival occurs every March and celebrates poetry and written works from around the world, featuring poets from around Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada, and the world. Atlantic Canada's largest poetry festival was founded in the late 1980s by poet and playwright Al Pittman, and Corner Brook author, historian Rex Brown.

In April, the April Rabbit showcases new and young writers.

Corner Brook is also home to the region's only community radio station, Bay of Islands Radio (CKVB-FM). Presently broadcasting through the internet only, on October 6, 2016 the station received its broadcast license from the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission to begin transmitting on 100.1 FM. The station is currently awaiting funding to proceed with the FM signal. The radio station is located on Brook Street, in the city's downtown district.

Transportation

NLW HumberArm1 tango7174
Along the Trans-Canada Highway

Route 1, the Trans-Canada Highway, passes the south side of the city on a high ridge before descending to the east, into the Humber Valley.

The city is accessed by air services at Deer Lake Regional Airport, 55 km (34 mi) northeast.

Corner Brook Transit is a privately operated local bus service. The city is also served by four taxi cab companies.

Climate

Corner Brook

Corner Brook has a humid continental climate typical of most of Newfoundland. It is warmer in summer than St. John's due to less maritime exposure, whereas winters are colder than in the provincial capital. In terms of its overall climate, it is quite maritime, especially taking into account how the climate is in mainland Canada on similar latitudes. Precipitation is heavy year-round, resulting in heavy snowfall in winter.

Climate data for Corner Brook, 1981–2010 normals, extremes 1933–present
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 16.5
(61.7)
14.0
(57.2)
20.5
(68.9)
22.5
(72.5)
27.2
(81)
35.0
(95)
34.4
(93.9)
34.4
(93.9)
31.1
(88)
27.0
(80.6)
21.7
(71.1)
16.7
(62.1)
35.0
(95)
Average high °C (°F) -2.7
(27.1)
-3.0
(26.6)
0.8
(33.4)
6.4
(43.5)
12.4
(54.3)
17.4
(63.3)
22.0
(71.6)
21.6
(70.9)
17.1
(62.8)
10.8
(51.4)
5.0
(41)
0.4
(32.7)
9.0
(48.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) −6.1
(21)
−6.8
(19.8)
-3.2
(26.2)
2.6
(36.7)
8.0
(46.4)
12.8
(55)
17.3
(63.1)
17.3
(63.1)
13.0
(55.4)
7.5
(45.5)
2.3
(36.1)
-2.5
(27.5)
5.2
(41.4)
Average low °C (°F) -9.6
(14.7)
-10.6
(12.9)
-7.2
(19)
-1.2
(29.8)
3.4
(38.1)
8.2
(46.8)
12.6
(54.7)
12.9
(55.2)
8.8
(47.8)
4.0
(39.2)
-0.4
(31.3)
-5.3
(22.5)
1.3
(34.3)
Record low °C (°F) -31.7
(-25.1)
-31.7
(-25.1)
-29.4
(-20.9)
-18.5
(-1.3)
-7.5
(18.5)
-4.4
(24.1)
1.1
(34)
0.0
(32)
-2.8
(27)
-7.8
(18)
-16.1
(3)
-20.6
(-5.1)
-31.7
(-25.1)
Precipitation mm (inches) 144.8
(5.701)
105.6
(4.157)
93.3
(3.673)
80.4
(3.165)
86.3
(3.398)
87.0
(3.425)
91.8
(3.614)
107.2
(4.22)
105.5
(4.154)
112.2
(4.417)
122.4
(4.819)
149.2
(5.874)
1,285.8
(50.622)
Snowfall cm (inches) 105.5
(41.54)
77.6
(30.55)
51.6
(20.31)
24.3
(9.57)
5.2
(2.05)
0.2
(0.08)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.1
(0.04)
6.2
(2.44)
36.7
(14.45)
94.0
(37.01)
401.3
(157.99)
Source: Environment Canada

Demographics

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1945 5,464 —    
1951 13,835 +153.2%
1956 23,225 +67.9%
1961 25,185 +8.4%
1971 26,309 +4.5%
1981 24,339 −7.5%
1986 22,719 −6.7%
1991 22,410 −1.4%
1996 21,893 −2.3%
2001 20,103 −8.2%
2006 20,083 −0.1%
2011 19,886 −1.0%
2016 19,806 −0.4%
2021 19,333 −2.4%
The 1945 and 1951 population figures have been adjusted to reflect the city's amalgamation on January 1, 1956.
Source: Statistics Canada

In the 2021 Census of Population conducted by Statistics Canada, Corner Brook had a population of 19,333 living in 8,868 of its 9,552 total private dwellings, a change of -2.4% from its 2016 population of 19,806. With a land area of 147.88 km2 (57.10 sq mi), it had a population density of 130.7/km2 (339/sq mi) in 2021.

Ethnic origin

Canada 2016 Census Population  % of Total population
Visible minority group
Source:
South Asian 85 0.3
Chinese 40 0.1
Black 65 0.2
Filipino 100 0.3
Latin American 0 0.0
Southeast Asian 0 0.0
Other visible minority 45 0.1
Total visible minority population 330 1.0
Aboriginal group
Source:
First Nations 8,670 27.7
Métis 525 1.7
Inuit 265 0.8
Total Aboriginal population 9,240 29.5
White 21,720 69.4
Total population 31,290 100.0

Sports

Near Corner Brook is Marble Mountain Ski Resort, a downhill skiing resort, and Blow-Me-Down trails, a cross country ski area.

The Corner Brook Royals currently play in the West Coast Senior Hockey League and were the winners of the 1986 National Title, the Allan Cup. The Royals play their home games at the Corner Brook Civic Centre, formerly the Canada Games Centre. The arena was built in 1997 and was one of the main venues used when the city of Corner Brook hosted the 1999 Canada Games.

Corner Brook was host of the Special Olympics Provincial Winter Games in February, 2011. The city also twice hosted Raid the North Extreme, a televised 6-day multi-sport expedition race held in wilderness locations across Canada, and was a leg of the ITU World Cup Triathlon.

In 2004, Corner Brook hosted the annual World Broomball Championship.

Notable people

  • Ian Arthur, politician
  • Keith Brown, National Hockey League player
  • Brian Byrne, former lead singer of rock band I Mother Earth
  • Frank Coleman, businessman
  • Allison Crowe, musician
  • Donald B. Dingwell, scientist
  • Gary Graham, music teacher, Order of NL recipient
  • Doug Grant, National Hockey League goaltender
  • Bruce Grobbelaar, former professional association football goalkeeper
  • Susan Kent, actress
  • Jason King, National Hockey League player
  • Joe Lundrigan, National Hockey League player
  • Trent McClellan, comedian
  • Dick Nolan, musician
  • Al Pittman, poet and playwright
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