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For the submarine, see HMCS Corner Brook (SSK 878).
Corner Brook
City
City of Corner Brook
Overlooking City of Corner Brook
Overlooking City of Corner Brook
Coat of arms of Corner Brook
Coat of arms
Motto: "Our Spirit... Your Success"
Country  Canada
Province  Newfoundland and Labrador
Census division 5
Settled 1956
Area
 • City 148.26 km2 (57.24 sq mi)
 • Metro 255.10 km2 (98.49 sq mi)
Elevation 0 - 304 m (0 – 998 ft)
Population (2016)
 • City 19,806
 • Metro density 104.4/km2 (270/sq mi)
Time zone Newfoundland Time (UTC-3:30)
 • Summer (DST) Newfoundland Daylight (UTC-2:30)
Area code(s) 709
Website cornerbrook.com

Corner Brook (2011 population: 19,886 CA 26,623) is a city located on the west coast of the island of Newfoundland in Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada.

Located on the Bay of Islands at the mouth of the Humber River, the city is the largest population centre in the province after St. John's. As such, Corner Brook functions as a service centre for western and northern Newfoundland. It is located on the same latitude as Gaspé, Quebec, a city of similar size and landscape on the other side of the Gulf of St. Lawrence. Corner Brook is the most northern city in Atlantic Canada.

It is the administrative headquarters of the Qalipu Mi'kmaq First Nations band government. The Mi'kmaq name for the nearby Humber River is "Maqtukwek".

History

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1945 5,464 —    
1951 13,835 +153.2%
1956 23,225 +67.9%
1961 25,185 +8.4%
1971 26,309 +4.5%
1981 24,339 −7.5%
1986 22,719 −6.7%
1991 22,410 −1.4%
1996 21,893 −2.3%
2001 20,103 −8.2%
2006 20,083 −0.1%
2011 19,886 −1.0%
The 1945 and 1951 population figures have been adjusted to reflect the city's amalgamation on January 1, 1956.

The area was surveyed by Captain James Cook in 1767. The Captain James Cook Historic Site stands on Crow Hill overlooking the city. By the middle of the 19th century the population of Corner Brook was less than 100, and the inhabitants were engaged in fishing and lumber work.

The area was originally four distinct communities, each with unique commercial activities: Curling, with its fishery; Corner Brook West (also known as Humber West or Westside) with its retail businesses; Corner Brook East (also known as Humbermouth and the Heights) with its railway and industrial operations; and Townsite (known as Corner Brook), home to the employees of the pulp and paper mill. In 1956, these four communities were amalgamated to form the present-day City of Corner Brook.

Corner Brook Pulp and Paper NFLD4
The Corner Brook Pulp & Paper Mill

Corner Brook is home to the Corner Brook Pulp & Paper Mill (owned by Kruger Inc.), which is a major employer for the region. The city has the largest regional hospital in western Newfoundland. It also has a wide array of shopping and retail businesses and federal and provincial government offices. It is also home to Grenfell Campus, Memorial University, as well as campuses of Academy Canada and College of the North Atlantic. Corner Brook is also home to the province's newest high school, Corner Brook Regional High, which is an amalgamation of the former Regina and Herdman Collegiate high schools.

Arts and culture

Grenfell Campus Arts and Science Extension August 2013
The Arts and Science building of Grenfell Campus, Corner Brook

Corner Brook is home to Grenfell Campus, Memorial University where a strong and vivacious arts community exists both within the school and well into the public. Corner Brook Arts and Culture Centre among other institutions thrive in promoting the arts on all levels from visual arts to theatre and well beyond.

Corner Brook is home to Stage West Theatre Festival, a summer theatre festival running through the month of July, and Gros Morne Summer Music, a classical music festival that spans July and August.

The March Hare literary festival occurs every March and celebrates poetry and written works from around the world, featuring poets from around Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada, and the world. Atlantic Canada's largest poetry festival was founded in the late 1980s by poet and playwright Al Pittman, and Corner Brook author, historian Rex Brown.

In April, the April Rabbit showcases new and young writers.

Corner Brook is also home to the region's only community radio station, Bay of Islands Radio (CKVB-FM). Presently broadcasting through the internet only, on October 6, 2016 the station received its broadcast license from the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission to begin transmitting on 100.1 FM. The station is currently awaiting funding to proceed with the FM signal. The radio station is located on Brook Street, in the city's downtown district.

Transportation

NLW HumberArm1 tango7174
Along the Trans-Canada Highway

Route 1, the Trans-Canada Highway, passes the south side of the city on a high ridge before descending to the east, into the Humber Valley.

The city is accessed by air services at Stephenville International Airport, 65 km (40 mi) southwest, and Deer Lake Regional Airport, 55 km (34 mi) northeast.

Corner Brook Transit is a privately operated local bus service. The city is also served by four taxi cab companies.

Climate

Corner Brook

Corner Brook has a humid continental climate typical of most of Newfoundland. It is warmer in summer than St. John's due to less maritime exposure, whereas winters are colder than in the provincial capital. In terms of its overall climate, it is quite maritime, especially taking into account how the climate is in mainland Canada on similar latitudes. Precipitation is heavy year-round, resulting in heavy snowfall in winter.

Climate data for Corner Brook, 1981–2010 normals, extremes 1933–present
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 16.5
(61.7)
14.0
(57.2)
20.5
(68.9)
22.5
(72.5)
27.2
(81)
35.0
(95)
34.4
(93.9)
34.4
(93.9)
31.1
(88)
27.0
(80.6)
21.7
(71.1)
16.7
(62.1)
35.0
(95)
Average high °C (°F) -2.7
(27.1)
-3.0
(26.6)
0.8
(33.4)
6.4
(43.5)
12.4
(54.3)
17.4
(63.3)
22.0
(71.6)
21.6
(70.9)
17.1
(62.8)
10.8
(51.4)
5.0
(41)
0.4
(32.7)
9.0
(48.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) −6.1
(21)
−6.8
(19.8)
-3.2
(26.2)
2.6
(36.7)
8.0
(46.4)
12.8
(55)
17.3
(63.1)
17.3
(63.1)
13.0
(55.4)
7.5
(45.5)
2.3
(36.1)
-2.5
(27.5)
5.2
(41.4)
Average low °C (°F) -9.6
(14.7)
-10.6
(12.9)
-7.2
(19)
-1.2
(29.8)
3.4
(38.1)
8.2
(46.8)
12.6
(54.7)
12.9
(55.2)
8.8
(47.8)
4.0
(39.2)
-0.4
(31.3)
-5.3
(22.5)
1.3
(34.3)
Record low °C (°F) -31.7
(-25.1)
-31.7
(-25.1)
-29.4
(-20.9)
-18.5
(-1.3)
-7.5
(18.5)
-4.4
(24.1)
1.1
(34)
0.0
(32)
-2.8
(27)
-7.8
(18)
-16.1
(3)
-20.6
(-5.1)
-31.7
(-25.1)
Precipitation mm (inches) 144.8
(5.701)
105.6
(4.157)
93.3
(3.673)
80.4
(3.165)
86.3
(3.398)
87.0
(3.425)
91.8
(3.614)
107.2
(4.22)
105.5
(4.154)
112.2
(4.417)
122.4
(4.819)
149.2
(5.874)
1,285.8
(50.622)
Snowfall cm (inches) 105.5
(41.54)
77.6
(30.55)
51.6
(20.31)
24.3
(9.57)
5.2
(2.05)
0.2
(0.08)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.1
(0.04)
6.2
(2.44)
36.7
(14.45)
94.0
(37.01)
401.3
(157.99)
Source: Environment Canada

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