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St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador facts for kids

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St. John's
Provincial capital city
City of St. John's
St John's Newfoundland Collage.jpg
Flag of St. John's
Official logo of St. John's
"City of Legends", "Newfiejohn", "Sin Jawns", "Town"
Avancez (English: "Go forward")
St John's (red), in relation to nearby communities.
St John's (red), in relation to nearby communities.
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Country Canada
Province Newfoundland and Labrador
Census division 1
Historic countries Kingdom of England
Kingdom of Great Britain
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland
Dominion of Newfoundland
Founded 24 June 1497
Established 5 August 1583 by Royal Charter of Queen Elizabeth I
Incorporated 1 May 1888
 • Type City Council
 • Provincial capital city 445.88 km2 (172.2 sq mi)
 • Urban
166.0 km2 (64.1 sq mi)
 • Metro
804.63 km2 (310.7 sq mi)
0–192 m (0–630 ft)
 (2016 census)
 • Provincial capital city 108,860
 • Density 244.1/km2 (632.1/sq mi)
 • Urban
 • Urban density 1,074.9/km2 (2,784/sq mi)
 • Metro
 • Metro density 255.9/km2 (663/sq mi)
  20th Largest metropolitan area in Canada
Time zone UTC−03:30 (NST)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−02:30 (NDT)
Postal code
A1A–A1H, A1S
Area code(s) 709
NTS Map 001N10
Total Dwellings 52,410 (2016)
Median total household income $69,455 CAD

St. John's is the capital and largest city of the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador. It is on the eastern tip of the Avalon Peninsula on the large Canadian island Newfoundland. The city spans 446.04 square kilometres (172.22 sq mi) and is North America's easternmost city, excluding Greenland.

Its name has been attributed to the Nativity of John the Baptist, when John Cabot was believed to have sailed into the harbour in 1497 and to a Basque fishing town with the same name. Existing on maps as early as 1519, it is one of the oldest cities in North America. It was officially incorporated as a city in 1888. With a metropolitan population of approximately 219,207 (as of 1 July 2017), the St. John's Metropolitan Area is Canada's 20th largest metropolitan area and the second largest Census Metropolitan Area (CMA) in Atlantic Canada, after Halifax.

The city has a rich history, having played a role in the French and Indian War, the American Revolutionary War, and the War of 1812. Italian inventor Guglielmo Marconi received the first transatlantic wireless signal in St. John's. Its history and culture have made it into an important tourist destination.

St. John's is home to the IceCaps which is a professional ice hockey team that plays in the American Hockey League.

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