St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador facts for kids
|Provincial capital city|
|City of St. John's|
|Nickname(s): "City of Legends", "Newfiejohn", "Sin Jawns", "Town"|
|Motto: Avancez (English: "Go forward")|
St John's (red), in relation to nearby communities.
|Province||Newfoundland and Labrador|
|Historic countries||Kingdom of England
Kingdom of Great Britain
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland
Dominion of Newfoundland
|Founded||24 June 1497|
|Established||5 August 1583 by Royal Charter of Queen Elizabeth I|
|Incorporated||1 May 1888|
|• Provincial capital city||445.88 km2 (172.2 sq mi)|
|• Urban||166.0 km2 (64.1 sq mi)|
|• Metro||804.63 km2 (310.7 sq mi)|
|Elevation||0–192 m (0–630 ft)|
|Population (2016 census)|
|• Provincial capital city||108,860|
|• Density||244.1/km2 (632.1/sq mi)|
|• Urban density||1,074.9/km2 (2,784/sq mi)|
|• Metro density||255.9/km2 (663/sq mi)|
|20th Largest metropolitan area in Canada|
|Time zone||NST (UTC−03:30)|
|• Summer (DST)||NDT (UTC−02:30)|
|Postal code||A1A–A1H, A1S|
|Total Dwellings||52,410 (2016)|
|Median total household income||$69,455 CAD|
St. John's is the capital and largest city of the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador. It is on the eastern tip of the Avalon Peninsula on the large Canadian island Newfoundland. The city spans 446.04 square kilometres (172.22 sq mi) and is North America's easternmost city, excluding Greenland.
Its name has been attributed to the Nativity of John the Baptist, when John Cabot was believed to have sailed into the harbour in 1497 and to a Basque fishing town with the same name. Existing on maps as early as 1519, it is one of the oldest cities in North America. It was officially incorporated as a city in 1888. With a metropolitan population of approximately 219,207 (as of 1 July 2017), the St. John's Metropolitan Area is Canada's 20th largest metropolitan area and the second largest Census Metropolitan Area (CMA) in Atlantic Canada, after Halifax.
The city has a rich history, having played a role in the French and Indian War, the American Revolutionary War, and the War of 1812. Italian inventor Guglielmo Marconi received the first transatlantic wireless signal in St. John's. Its history and culture have made it into an important tourist destination.
Images for kids
The Colonial Building was the seat of the Newfoundland Government between 1850 and 1959
St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.