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Atlantic Canada facts for kids

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Atlantic Provinces
Provinces de l'Atlantique (Fr)
The Atlantic Provinces
Country  Canada
Area 500,531 km² (193,256 sq mi)
Population 2,333,322 (2016)
Density 5 /km² (13 /sq mi)
Atlantic Canada (green) within the rest of Canada (tan)
Atlantic Canada (green) within the rest of Canada (tan)

Atlantic Canada is the region of Canada comprising the four provinces located on the Atlantic coast, excluding Quebec: the three Maritime provinces – New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island, and Nova Scotia – and the easternmost province of Newfoundland and Labrador. The population of the four Atlantic provinces in 2016 was about 2,300,000 on half a million km2. The provinces combined had an approximate GDP of $110.308 billion in 2011.


The first Premier of Newfoundland, Joey Smallwood, coined the term "Atlantic Canada" when Newfoundland joined the Dominion of Canada in 1949. He believed that it would have been presumptuous for Newfoundland to assume that it could include itself within the existing term "Maritime Provinces", used to describe the cultural similarities shared by New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island, and Nova Scotia. The three Maritime provinces entered into confederation during the 19th century: New Brunswick and Nova Scotia were founding members of the Dominion of Canada in 1867, and Prince Edward Island joined in 1873. Today Atlantic Canada is a culturally distinct region of Canada, with the original founding cultures of Celtic, English and French remaining strong and vibrant to this day.

Although Quebec has physical Atlantic coasts on the Gulf of St. Lawrence, Ungava Bay, and the Hudson Strait, it is generally not considered an Atlantic Province.


Flag of New Brunswick.svg
Flag of Prince Edward Island.svg
Flag of Nova Scotia.svg
Flag of Newfoundland and Labrador.svg

2016 census figures for "Metropolitan Areas" (broadest definition, includes entire municipalities and all commuter municipalities) and "Population Centres" (limited to actual continuously-built-up area) in Atlantic Canada. The list includes communities above 15,000, by Metropolitan Area population, or 10,000 by Population Centre population.

Community Province Population (Metropolitan) Population (Pop. Centre)
Halifax Nova Scotia 403,390 316,701
St. John's Newfoundland and Labrador 205,955 178,427
Moncton New Brunswick 144,810 108,620
Saint John New Brunswick 126,202 58,341 - Saint John
24,445 - Quispamsis-Rothesay
Fredericton New Brunswick 101,760 59,405
Cape Breton Nova Scotia 98,722 29,904 - Sydney
17,556 - Glace Bay
12,823 - Sydney Mines
Charlottetown Prince Edward Island 69,325 44,739
Truro Nova Scotia 45,753 22,954
New Glasgow Nova Scotia 34,487 18,665
Corner Brook Newfoundland and Labrador 31,917 19,547
Bathurst New Brunswick 31,110 15,557
Miramichi New Brunswick 27,523 11,329 - Chatham-Douglastown
Kentville Nova Scotia 26,222 12,088
Edmundston New Brunswick 23,524 12,086
Summerside Prince Edward Island 16,587 13,814
Grand Falls-Windsor Newfoundland and Labrador 14,171 12,046
Gander Newfoundland and Labrador 13,234 10,220
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