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Saint John, New Brunswick facts for kids

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City of Saint John
City
Saint John, NB, skyline at dusk8.jpg
Nickname(s): Fundy City, Loyalist City, Port City, Original City
Motto: "O Fortunati Quorum Jam Moenia Surgunt"
(Latin for, "O Fortunate Ones Whose Walls Are Now Rising."
or "O Happy They, Whose Promised Walls Already Rise")
Location of Saint John in New Brunswick
Country Canada
Province New Brunswick
County Saint John County
Parish Simonds Parish
Established 1604
Major Settlement Started 1783
Incorporation May 18, 1785 (1785-05-18)
Founded by Gov. Thomas Carlton
Named for St. John the Baptist
Area
 • Urban 326 km2 (126 sq mi)
 • Metro 3,362.95 km2 (1,298.44 sq mi)
Highest elevation 80.8 m (265.1 ft)
Lowest elevation 0 m (0 ft)
Population (2011)
 • City 70,063 (CSD)
 • Density 215.7/km2 (559/sq mi)
 • Metro 127,761
 • Metro density 38.0/km2 (98/sq mi)
  source: Statistics Canada
Time zone Atlantic (AST) (UTC-4)
 • Summer (DST) Atlantic (ADT) (UTC-3)
Canadian Postal code E2K, E2L And E2P
Area code(s) 506
Telephone Exchanges 202, 214, 333, 343, 557 -8, 592, 608, 631 -640, 642 -654, 657 -8, 663, 672, 674, 693-4, 696, 721, 977
NTS Map 021G08
GNBC Code DAEGW
Website City of Saint John

Saint John is a port city on the Bay of Fundy in the Canadian province of New Brunswick. The port is Canada's third largest port by tonnage with a cargo base that includes dry and liquid bulk, break bulk, containers, and cruise. In 2016, after more than 40 years of population decline, the city became the second most populous city in the province for the first time, with a population of 67,575 over an area of 315.82 km2 (121.94 sq mi). Greater Saint John covers a land area of 3,362.95 km2 (1,298.44 sq mi) across the Caledonia Highlands, with a population (as of 2016) of 126,202. Saint John is the oldest incorporated city in Canada. During the reign of George III, the municipality was created by royal charter in 1785.

Saint John is the oldest of five chartered cities in Canada along with Montreal, Winnipeg, Vancouver, and Lloydminster (a city that straddles both Alberta and Saskatchewan).

French colonist Samuel de Champlain landed at Saint John Harbour on June 24, 1604 (the feast of St. John the Baptist) and is where the Saint John River gets its name although Mi'kmaq and Maliseet peoples lived in the region for thousands of years prior calling the river Wolastoq. After over a century of ownership disputes over the land surrounding Saint John between the French and English, the English deported the French colonists in 1755 and constructed Fort Howe above the harbour in 1779. In 1785, the City of Saint John was established by uniting the two towns of Parrtown and Carleton on each side of the harbour after the arrival of thousands of refugees from the American Revolution who wished to remain British and were forced to leave their U.S. homes. Over the next century, waves of immigration via Partridge Island, especially during the Great Famine, would fundamentally change the city's demographics and culture.

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