Cottonwood Falls, Kansas facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Cottonwood Falls, Kansas
City
Chase County Courthouse designed by Kansas State Capitol architect John G. Haskell
Chase County Courthouse designed by Kansas State Capitol architect John G. Haskell
Location within Chase County and Kansas
Location within Chase County and Kansas
KDOT map of Chase County (legend)
KDOT map of Chase County (legend)
Country United States
State Kansas
County Chase
Township Falls
Area
 • Total 0.60 sq mi (1.55 km2)
 • Land 0.59 sq mi (1.53 km2)
 • Water 0.01 sq mi (0.03 km2)
Elevation 1,204 ft (367 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 903
 • Estimate (2015) 872
 • Density 1,505/sq mi (582.6/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 66845
Area code 620
FIPS code 20-15900
GNIS feature ID 0477262
Website cwfks.org

Cottonwood Falls is the largest city and county seat of Chase County, Kansas. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 903.

History

Cottonwood falls overlook 2009
Looking northward toward the business district, as seen from Courthouse steps (2009)

Early history

See also: History of Kansas

For many millennia, the Great Plains of North America was inhabited by nomadic Native Americans. From the 16th century to 18th century, the Kingdom of France claimed ownership of large parts of North America. In 1762, after the French and Indian War, France secretly ceded New France to Spain, per the Treaty of Fontainebleau.

19th century

Map elk chase kansas
1893 Railroad Map

In 1802, Spain returned most of the land to France. In 1803, most of the land for modern day Kansas was acquired by the United States from France as part of the 828,000 square mile Louisiana Purchase for 2.83 cents per acre.

In 1854, the Kansas Territory was organized, then in 1861 Kansas became the 34th U.S. state. In 1859, Chase County was established within the Kansas Territory, which included the land for modern day Cottonwood Falls.

The first settlement in the area of Cottonwood Falls was in 1854, when an Indian trader named Seth Hayes founded a cattle ranch on the Cottonwood River close to the mouth of Diamond Spring Creek. The area around the town was organized as Chase County in 1859, and Cottonwood Falls was designated the temporary county seat. Other early settlers arrived in Cottonwood and surrounding lands in 1856 to 1858.

The first post office in Cottonwood Falls was established in 1858. In 1873 the city's French Renaissance style Chase County courthouse was built; at roughly the same time, the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway reached Cottonwood Falls area. Through the late 19th and early 20th centuries the area around the city was mainly divided into farms and cattle ranches.

20th century

In 1931, Transcontinental & Western Air Flight 599 crashed ten miles south of Cottonwood Falls near the community of Bazaar, killing all eight on board, including Notre Dame University football coach Knute Rockne. A monument to the crash is located on private property.

There have been numerous floods during the history of Cottonwood Falls. In June and July 1951, due to heavy rains, rivers and streams flooded numerous cities in Kansas, including Cottonwood Falls. Many reservoirs and levees were built in Kansas as part of a response to the Great Flood of 1951.

Geography

Cottonwood River Bridge
1914 bridge over Cottonwood River in Cottonwood Falls (2012)

Cottonwood Falls is located at 38°22′5″N 96°32′35″W / 38.36806°N 96.54306°W / 38.36806; -96.54306 (38.368159, -96.542918), in the scenic Flint Hills of the Great Plains. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.60 square miles (1.55 km2), of which 0.59 square miles (1.53 km2) is land and 0.01 square miles (0.03 km2) is water.

Climate

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Cottonwood Falls has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.

Area events

Area attractions

Cottonwood Falls has five listings on the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP).

  • Cartter Building (NRHP).
  • Chase County Courthouse (NRHP). It is the oldest courthouse in continual use in the state of Kansas and one of the oldest in continual use West of the Mississippi.
  • Chase County National Bank (NRHP).
  • Cottonwood River Bridge (NRHP).
  • Samuel N Wood House (NRHP).
  • Kansas Historical Marker - A Landmark Of Distinction, located in courthouse square.
  • Chase Lake Falls

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 518
1890 770 48.6%
1900 842 9.4%
1910 899 6.8%
1920 1,044 16.1%
1930 963 −7.8%
1940 1,078 11.9%
1950 957 −11.2%
1960 971 1.5%
1970 987 1.6%
1980 954 −3.3%
1990 889 −6.8%
2000 966 8.7%
2010 903 −6.5%
Est. 2015 872 −3.4%
U.S. Decennial Census

Cottonwood Falls is part of the Emporia Micropolitan Statistical Area.

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 903 people, 342 households, and 205 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,530.5 inhabitants per square mile (590.9/km2). There were 414 housing units at an average density of 701.7 per square mile (270.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 93.9% White, 3.4% African American, 0.2% Asian, 1.1% from other races, and 1.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.0% of the population.

There were 342 households of which 28.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.8% were married couples living together, 9.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.8% had a male householder with no wife present, and 40.1% were non-families. 37.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 21.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.22 and the average family size was 2.92.

The median age in the city was 43.3 years. 20.2% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.7% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 24.9% were from 25 to 44; 23.1% were from 45 to 64; and 23.3% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.8% male and 50.2% female.

2000 census

As of the census of 2000, there were 966 people, 375 households, and 227 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,674.9 people per square mile (643.1/km²). There were 427 housing units at an average density of 740.3 per square mile (284.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 94.93% White, 2.38% African American, 1.14% Native American, 0.21% Asian, 0.83% from other races, and 0.52% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.38% of the population.

There were 375 households out of which 28.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.2% were married couples living together, 11.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.2% were non-families. 34.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 20.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.27 and the average family size was 2.93.

In the city, the population was spread out with 23.2% under the age of 18, 6.1% from 18 to 24, 29.6% from 25 to 44, 18.1% from 45 to 64, and 23.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 91.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.7 males.

As of 2000 the median income for a household in the city was $28,947, and the median income for a family was $37,986. Males had a median income of $27,639 versus $19,167 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,166. About 8.8% of families and 11.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.0% of those under age 18 and 8.6% of those age 65 or over.

Gallery

Fiction

In Disney's 1985 film Return to Oz, Doctor J.B. Worley's Clinic is set in Chase County near Cottonwood Falls.

Images for kids


Cottonwood Falls, Kansas Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.