Dawson County, Montana facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Dawson County, Montana
Map
Map of Montana highlighting Dawson County
Location in the state of Montana
Map of the USA highlighting Montana
Montana's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded January 15, 1869
Seat Glendive
Largest City Glendive
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

2,383 sq mi (6,172 km²)
2,372 sq mi (6,143 km²)
11 sq mi (28 km²), 0.5%
PopulationEst.
 - (2015)
 - Density

9,625
3.8/sq mi (1/km²)
Time zone Mountain: UTC-7/-6
Website: www.dawsoncountymontana.org

Dawson County is a county located in the U.S. state of Montana. As of the 2010 census, the population was 8,966. Its county seat is Glendive.

History

Dawson County is one of the older counties of the state. It was created January 15, 1869 from the northern half of the original Big Horn County. The namesake of the county is Major Andrew Dawson, manager of the Fort Benton Trading Post for the American Fur Company from 1856 to 1864.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,383 square miles (6,170 km2), of which 2,372 square miles (6,140 km2) is land and 11 square miles (28 km2) (0.5%) is water.

Dawson County is located in the extreme eastern portion of Montana, about fifteen to twenty miles west of the Dakota line.

Dawson County contains part of Montana's badlands. Makoshika State Park is a great example of the unusual rock formations. Yellowstone River runs through the county.

The principal sources of the water supply in Dawson County are the Yellowstone River, which bisects the southeastern half of the county, and the Redwater River, which flows through its extreme northwest townships. Numerous large and small creeks are tributary to these streams, furnishing abundant and accessible facilities not only for watering livestock, but also for small individual irrigation enterprises, and water conservation projects. In the upper bench lands, artesian well irrigation has received considerable attention.

Parts of Dawson County were taken to form Valley County in 1893, Richland County and part of Wibaux County in 1914, part of Prairie County in 1915, and Garfield County and part of McCone County in 1919.

Major highways

  • I-94.svg Interstate 94
  • US 10.svg U.S. Highway 10 (Former)
  • MT-16.svg Montana Highway 16
  • MT-200.svg Montana Highway 200
  • MT-200.svg Montana Highway 200 (Alternate)
  • Montana Highway 254

In 1920, Dawson County was traversed by the National Parks Highway or Red Trail, the Black Trail, the Green Trail and the Blue Trail, all of which passed through Glendive.

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890 2,056
1900 2,443 18.8%
1910 12,725 420.9%
1920 9,239 −27.4%
1930 9,881 6.9%
1940 8,618 −12.8%
1950 9,092 5.5%
1960 12,314 35.4%
1970 11,269 −8.5%
1980 11,805 4.8%
1990 9,505 −19.5%
2000 9,059 −4.7%
2010 8,966 −1.0%
Est. 2015 9,625 7.3%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2015

2000 census

As of the census of 2000, there were 9,059 people, 3,625 households, and 2,475 families residing in the county. The population density was 4 people per square mile (1/km²). There were 4,168 housing units at an average density of 2 per square mile (1/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.43% White, 0.25% Black or African American, 1.23% Native American, 0.13% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.31% from other races, and 0.64% from two or more races. 0.89% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 39.7% were of German, 17.0% Norwegian, 7.3% Irish and 6.5% English ancestry. 97.0% spoke English, 1.4% German and 1.0% Spanish as their first language.

There were 3,625 households out of which 29.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.50% were married couples living together, 6.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.70% were non-families. 28.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.90.

In the county, the population was spread out with 23.10% under the age of 18, 8.80% from 18 to 24, 24.90% from 25 to 44, 25.40% from 45 to 64, and 17.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 98.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $31,393, and the median income for a family was $38,455. Males had a median income of $29,487 versus $18,929 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,368. About 11.70% of families and 14.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.70% of those under age 18 and 11.20% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 8,966 people, 3,749 households, and 2,429 families residing in the county. The population density was 3.8 inhabitants per square mile (1.5/km2). There were 4,233 housing units at an average density of 1.8 per square mile (0.69/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 95.7% white, 1.7% American Indian, 0.3% black or African American, 0.3% Asian, 0.3% from other races, and 1.6% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 2.0% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 46.6% were German, 16.3% were Norwegian, 15.5% were Irish, 8.2% were English, and 6.5% were American.

Of the 3,749 households, 26.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.1% were married couples living together, 6.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 35.2% were non-families, and 31.2% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.26 and the average family size was 2.82. The median age was 43.5 years.

The median income for a household in the county was $50,752 and the median income for a family was $63,982. Males had a median income of $45,222 versus $30,993 for females. The per capita income for the county was $24,602. About 7.4% of families and 9.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.5% of those under age 18 and 9.6% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

PostcardGlendiveMTBellStreet1913
1913 postcard of Glendive

City

Town

Census-designated place

Unincorporated communities


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