East Windsor Township, New Jersey facts for kids

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East Windsor Township, New Jersey
Township
Township of East Windsor
Etra Lake Park in the eastern portion of the township
Etra Lake Park in the eastern portion of the township
Location in Mercer County and the state of New Jersey.
Location in Mercer County and the state of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of East Windsor Township, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of East Windsor Township, New Jersey
Country  United States
State  New Jersey
County Mercer
Formed February 9, 1797
Incorporated February 21, 1798
Named for Windsor, England
Area
 • Total 15.745 sq mi (40.779 km2)
 • Land 15.648 sq mi (40.529 km2)
 • Water 0.097 sq mi (0.250 km2)  0.61%
Area rank 171st of 565 in state
7th of 12 in county
Elevation 102 ft (31 m)
Population (2010 Census)
 • Total 27,190
 • Estimate (2015) 27,603
 • Rank 86th of 565 in state
5th of 13 in county
 • Density 1,737.6/sq mi (670.9/km2)
 • Density rank 308th of 565 in state
7th of 12 in county
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 08512 & 08520
Area code(s) 609
FIPS code 3402119780
GNIS feature ID 0882123
Website www.east-windsor.nj.us

East Windsor Township is a township in Mercer County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 27,190, reflecting an increase of 2,271 (+9.1%) from the 24,919 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 2,566 (+11.5%) from the 22,353 counted in the 1990 Census.

Both East Windsor Township and West Windsor Township were formed when Windsor Township was split on February 9, 1797, while the area was still part of Middlesex County. It was incorporated by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on February 21, 1798, as one of New Jersey's initial group of 104 townships. Portions of the township were taken to form Hightstown borough (March 5, 1853, within East Windsor; became independent c. 1894) and Washington Township (March 11, 1860, and known as Robbinsville Township since 2007). The township was named for Windsor Township, which was named for Windsor, England.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 15.745 square miles (40.779 km2), including 15.648 square miles (40.529 km2) of land and 0.097 square miles (0.250 km2) of water (0.61%).

Twin Rivers (2010 Census population of 7,443) is a unincorporated community and census-designated place (CDP) located within East Windsor Township. Other unincorporated communities, localities and place names located completely or partially within East Windsor include Allens Station, and Washington Oak.

The township borders Robbinsville Township and West Windsor Township in Mercer County; Cranbury Township, Monroe Township and Plainsboro Township in Middlesex County; and both Millstone Township and Upper Freehold Township in Monmouth County. East Windsor completely surrounds the independent borough of Hightstown.

The Meadow Lakes continuing care retirement community occupies a 100-acre (40 ha) site that straddles the East Windsor-Hightstown boundary line.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1810 1,747
1820 1,710 −2.1%
1830 1,903 11.3%
1840 1,989 4.5%
1850 2,596 30.5%
1860 943 * −63.7%
1870 1,036 9.9%
1880 916 −11.6%
1890 881 −3.8%
1900 894 1.5%
1910 941 5.3%
1920 733 −22.1%
1930 922 25.8%
1940 845 −8.4%
1950 1,284 52.0%
1960 2,298 79.0%
1970 11,736 410.7%
1980 21,041 79.3%
1990 22,353 6.2%
2000 24,919 11.5%
2010 27,190 9.1%
Est. 2015 27,603 1.5%
Population sources:
1810-1920 1840 1850-1870
1850 1870 1880-1890
1890-1910 1910-1930
1930-1990 2000 2010
* = Lost territory in previsous decade

Census 2010

As of the census of 2010, there were 27,190 people, 10,224 households, and 7,167 families residing in the township. The population density was 1,737.6 per square mile (670.9/km2). There were 10,851 housing units at an average density of 693.4 per square mile (267.7/km2)*. The racial makeup of the township was 62.08% (16,880) White, 8.62% (2,343) Black or African American, 0.53% (145) Native American, 17.66% (4,802) Asian, 0.06% (16) Pacific Islander, 8.31% (2,260) from other races, and 2.74% (744) from two or more races. [[Hispanic (U.S. Census)|Hispanic or Latino of any race were 19.64% (5,340) of the population.

There were 10,224 households out of which 34.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.3% were married couples living together, 10.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.9% were non-families. 25.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.65 and the average family size was 3.18.

In the township, the population was spread out with 24.2% under the age of 18, 6.7% from 18 to 24, 30.7% from 25 to 44, 26.8% from 45 to 64, and 11.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38.2 years. For every 100 females there were 95.2 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and old there were 92.1 males.

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $84,503 (with a margin of error of +/- $4,345) and the median family income was $100,411 (+/- $4,485). Males had a median income of $70,057 (+/- $6,291) versus $44,089 (+/- $2,948) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $37,876 (+/- $1,490). About 3.0% of families and 5.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.2% of those under age 18 and 5.4% of those age 65 or over.

Census 2000

As of the 2000 United States Census there were 24,919 people, 9,448 households, and 6,556 families residing in the township. The population density was 1,592.8 people per square mile (614.8/km²). There were 9,880 housing units at an average density of 631.5 per square mile (243.8/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 74.42% White, 8.90% African American, 0.20% Native American, 9.55% Asian, 0.12% Pacific Islander, 4.61% from other races, and 2.20% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 14.28% of the population.

There were 9,448 households out of which 34.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.6% were married couples living together, 9.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.6% were non-families. 24.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.12.

The population of the township was spread out with 24.0% under the age of 18, 7.6% from 18 to 24, 35.2% from 25 to 44, 24.9% from 45 to 64, and 8.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 95.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.6 males.

The median income for a household in the township was $63,616, and the median income for a family was $73,461. Males had a median income of $50,875 versus $35,260 for females. The per capita income for the township was $28,695. About 2.8% of families and 5.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.3% of those under age 18 and 8.1% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation

Roads and highways

As of May 2010, the township had a total of 93.45 miles (150.39 km) of roadways, of which 68.99 miles (111.03 km) were maintained by the municipality, 10.71 miles (17.24 km) by Mercer County, 9.80 miles (15.77 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation and 3.95 miles (6.36 km) by the New Jersey Turnpike Authority.

A number of county routes, such as CR 539, 571, 535 pass through the township. Route 33 goes through East Windsor, and then through Robbinsville Township and Monroe Township. U.S. Route 130 also goes through East Windsor which then goes through Robbinsville and Cranbury. Interstate 195 is outside the municipality in neighboring Robbinsville, Upper Freehold, and Millstone Townships.

In the late 1990s, the "Hightstown Bypass" (Route 133) was constructed. It starts at County Route 571 and terminates at I-95 (the New Jersey Turnpike). The entire highway is in East Windsor; there is a half-diamond interchange with One Mile Road, a three-quarter cloverleaf interchange with U.S. Route 130, and a full diamond interchange with Route 33.

The township also houses Exit 8 of the New Jersey Turnpike (Interstate 95). The exit used to use a five-lane tollgate that connected with Route 33, but was replaced with a new interchange (and a bigger tollgate) in February 2013 that now connects directly to Route 133.

The Turnpike was widened with the construction of new outer roadways ("truck lanes") that extended the "dual-dual" roadways south to Exit 6 (Mansfield Township) from its former end at Exit 8A (Monroe Township). This project was completed in early November 2014.

Public transportation

East Windsor has a few bus stops on a route that passes through Monroe Township, and then makes its way to the Port Authority Bus Terminal in Midtown Manhattan. The nearest NJ Transit rail service is available at the Princeton Junction station. Shuttle bus service to the Princeton Junction station is available during rush hour. Mercer County offers a shuttle service providing access to major businesses and transportation hubs in the area along Route 130.

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