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Estill County, Kentucky facts for kids

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Estill County
Estill County courthouse in Irvine
Estill County courthouse in Irvine
Map of Kentucky highlighting Estill County
Location within the U.S. state of Kentucky
Map of the United States highlighting Kentucky
Kentucky's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  Kentucky
Founded 1808
Named for James Estill
Seat Irvine
Largest city Irvine
 • Total 256 sq mi (660 km2)
 • Land 253 sq mi (660 km2)
 • Water 2.5 sq mi (6 km2)  1.0%%
 • Total 14,163 Decrease
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district 6th
Morel Mushroom commonly found in Estill County in the spring
Morel Mushrooms are commonly found in Estill County in the spring, with Irvine's Mountain Mushroom Festilval being dedicated to them.

Estill County is a county located in the U.S. state of Kentucky. As of the 2010 census, the population was 14,672. Its county seat is Irvine The county was formed in 1808 and named for Captain James Estill, a Kentucky militia officer who was killed in the Battle of Little Mountain during the American Revolutionary War. Estill County is a moist county meaning that the county seat, the city of Irvine, allows the sale of alcohol after the October 9, 2013 vote, but not the rest of Estill County outside the Irvine city limits. Estill County has two adjacent towns, known as the twin cities, Irvine and Ravenna. Both cities sit along the Kentucky River in the central part of the county. Ravenna is home to a former CSX Transportation facility, now owned by Kentucky Steam Heritage Corporation for the restoration of Chesapeake and Ohio 2716. It conducts the Ravenna Railroad Festival annually in late summer, and the historic Fitchburg & Cottage Furnaces are located here. Irvine is home to the manufacturing headquarters of Carhartt, Inc and hosts the annual Mountain Mushroom Festival over the last weekend of April, which celebrates the abundant Morel Mushrooms found in the region. Additionally, Estill County is currently the home of musician Tyler Childers and his wife Senora May Childers.


Estill County was formed in 1808 from land given by Clark and Madison counties. A courthouse built in 1941 replaced a structure dating from the 1860s.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 256 square miles (660 km2), of which 253 square miles (660 km2) is land and 2.5 square miles (6.5 km2) (1.0%) is water.

Adjacent counties

National protected area


Historical population
Census Pop.
1810 2,082
1820 3,507 68.4%
1830 4,618 31.7%
1840 5,535 19.9%
1850 5,985 8.1%
1860 6,886 15.1%
1870 9,198 33.6%
1880 9,860 7.2%
1890 10,836 9.9%
1900 11,669 7.7%
1910 12,273 5.2%
1920 15,569 26.9%
1930 17,079 9.7%
1940 17,978 5.3%
1950 14,677 −18.4%
1960 12,466 −15.1%
1970 12,752 2.3%
1980 14,495 13.7%
1990 14,614 0.8%
2000 15,307 4.7%
2010 14,672 −4.1%
2020 14,163 −3.5%
2021 (est.) 14,092 −4.0%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2021

As of the census of 2000, there were 15,307 people, 6,108 households, and 4,434 families residing in the county. The population density was 60 per square mile (23/km2). There were 6,824 housing units at an average density of 27 per square mile (10/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 99.07% White, 0.11% Black or African American, 0.24% Native American, 0.03% Asian, 0.06% from other races, and 0.49% from two or more races. 0.53% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 6,108 households, out of which 32.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.40% were married couples living together, 12.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.40% were non-families. 24.60% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 2.94.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 24.20% under the age of 18, 9.10% from 18 to 24, 29.20% from 25 to 44, 24.20% from 45 to 64, and 13.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 93.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $23,318, and the median income for a family was $27,284. Males had a median income of $29,254 versus $18,849 for females. The per capita income for the county was $12,285. About 22.50% of families and 26.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 32.30% of those under age 18 and 21.50% of those age 65 or over.


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See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Condado de Estill para niños

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