Eton, Berkshire facts for kids
Quick facts for kidsEton
Eton High Street
|Population||4,692 (2011 Census)|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||South East England|
Eton ( EE-tən) is a town in Berkshire, England, on the opposite bank of the River Thames to Windsor, connected to it by Windsor Bridge. The civil parish, which also includes the village of Eton Wick two miles west of the town, had a population of 4,692 at the 2011 Census. Historically in Buckinghamshire, in 1974 it was transferred to Berkshire following the Local Government Act 1972; since 1998 it has been part of the unitary authority of Windsor and Maidenhead. The town is best known as the location of Eton College.
Origin of the name
The land that is now Eton once belonged to the manor of Queen Edith, wife of Edward the Confessor. The land was appropriated by the Normans after 1066. The main road between Windsor and London went through the area and a hamlet sprang up amid pasture meadows to maintain the road and the bridge.
In 1440, Henry VI chose Eton as the location for his new college, Eton College. Workmen were moved into Eton to build the college. All of the land immediately around the hamlet was granted to the college, which stopped further growth. The new college chapel made the village a pilgrimage point, and inns were set up along the high street. Henry VI gave the college the right to hold fairs on its grounds.
During the English Civil War, after Windsor Castle was captured by parliamentarian forces, the Royalist army moved into Eton and attempted to retake the town, occupying the college. Efforts to retake Windsor were unsuccessful and the royalists eventually fled.
The college sometimes leased small plots of land to the village as an act of charity, leading to the construction of houses near the bridge. Scholars at the college also used to collect "salt" (money) from the inns of Eton High Street. This practice continued until 1845 when a scholar refused to associate with the inns because they were a "temptation" to Eton students. Eton was favourably modernised and was the first village in the UK to have its own post office and modern drainage system.
By 1925 the town was described as more commercial than residential, with most of the buildings (apart from those of the school itself) belonging to businesses serving the schoolboys.
In about 1970, the bridge connecting Eton to Windsor was closed to all motor traffic.
- Edmund Bristow (1787–1876), artist, was born here and lived his whole life in the Windsor area.
- George E. Davis (1850–1906), founding father of Chemical Engineering, was born here.
Eton is served by two bus companies. Thames Valley Buses operates Monday to Saturday buses on the Slough – Eton – Eton Wick - Taplow - Maidenhead route (bus 15). Redline Buses operates the Slough – Eton – Eton Wick – Dorney – Maidenhead route on Tuesdays and Fridays (bus 63/68).
Windsor has two terminal stations. Eighty metres (260 ft) southeast of Windsor Bridge, the town's historic pedestrian and cycle bridge, is Windsor & Eton Riverside, with South Western Railway trains to London Waterloo. Windsor & Eton Central is 200 m (660 ft) to the south-west, but uphill, with Great Western Railway services to Slough for connecting services to stations such as London Paddington.
- Windsor 0.5 miles (via Windsor Bridge)
- Slough 3 miles
- Staines-upon-Thames 6 miles
- Maidenhead 7 miles
- Reading 20 miles
- London 22 miles
In birth order:
- William Oughtred (1574–1660), mathematician and cleric
- Edmund Bristow (1787–1876), artist, was born in Eton and lived his whole life in the Windsor area
- Charles Duke Yonge (1812-1891), an English historian, classicist and cricketer
- George E. Davis (1850–1906), founding father of chemical engineering
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In Spanish: Eton (Berkshire) para niños
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