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Taplow
Taplow church - geograph.org.uk - 60104.jpg
The mock-medieval parish church of St Nicholas, built in 1911.
Taplow village centre - geograph.org.uk - 59903.jpg
Berry Hill, part of the developed traditional core
Area 11.22 km2 (4.33 sq mi)
Population 1,669 (2011 census)
• Density 149/km2 (390/sq mi)
OS grid reference SU9182
Civil parish
  • Taplow
Unitary authority
  • Buckinghamshire
Ceremonial county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town MAIDENHEAD
Postcode district SL6
Dialling code 01628
Police Thames Valley
Fire Buckinghamshire
Ambulance South Central
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament
  • Beaconsfield
List of places
UK
England
Buckinghamshire
51°31′52″N 0°41′13″W / 51.531°N 0.687°W / 51.531; -0.687Coordinates: 51°31′52″N 0°41′13″W / 51.531°N 0.687°W / 51.531; -0.687

Taplow is a village and civil parish in the Unitary Authority of Buckinghamshire, England. It sits on the left bank of the River Thames, facing Maidenhead in the neighbouring county of Berkshire, with Cippenham and Burnham to the east. It is the south-westernmost settlement in Buckinghamshire.

The village features a Grade II listed mock-medieval church, the parish church of St Nicholas, as well as a school of the same name. Taplow railway station, on the Great Western main line, serves the village, with services to London Paddington, Reading and Oxford. There are two conservation areas in the parish, the Taplow Village Conservation Area and the Taplow Riverside Conservation Area. Footpaths connect all parts of the parish to Maidenhead Bridge and to Burnham Beeches, a modest, hilly wood marking the start of the Chiltern Hills.

History

The village has a geological Site of Special Scientific Interest, South Lodge Pit, dating to the late Cretaceous.

The village's name is Anglo-Saxon in origin, and means Tæppa's barrow; the Anglo-Saxon burial mound of Tæppa can still be visited, and important artefacts excavated there are now in the British Museum, notably a gold belt buckle. Taplow was recorded in the Domesday Book of 1086 as Thapeslau. Taplow Court nearby is also the site of an early Iron Age hill fort and was the site of the manor house.

William Grenfell, 1st Baron Desborough lived at Taplow Court. Neighbouring is Cliveden, former home and parkland of Nancy Astor in the parish. Both aspects of Cliveden are today open under the National Trust scheme though part of the main building is used as a hotel for visiting dignitaries to the UK.

In 1883 a number of important Anglo-Saxon royal grave goods were discovered, reflecting similar discoveries in Prittlewell, Broomfiled, and Sutton Hoo. Though the overall collection is less than that from the ship-burial in Mound 1 at Sutton Hoo, many individual objects are closely comparable and of similar quality.

The church of St Nicholas was built in 1911 but includes one of the earliest surviving brass memorials to a civilian in England, made in about 1350, which would place it during the Black Death.

Demography

Taplow compared
2001 UK Census Taplow ward South Bucks borough England
Population 1,584 61,945 49,138,831
Foreign born 14.9% 12.2% 9.2%
White 96.1% 93.4% 90.9%
Asian 2.3% 4.5% 4.6%
Black 0.0% 0.4% 2.3%
Christian 73.4% 75.6% 71.7%
Muslim 0.4% 1.1% 3.1%
Hindu 0.8% 1.2% 1.16
No religion 17.1% 12.5% 14.6%
Unemployed 1.3% 1.9% 3.3%
Retired 12.7% 14.8% 13.5%

At the 2011 UK census, the Taplow electoral ward had a population of 1,669. The ethnicity was 92.5% white, 1.0% mixed race, 5.0% Asian, 0.8% black and 0.7% other. The place of birth of residents was 85.1% United Kingdom, 1% Republic of Ireland, 4.6% other Western European countries, and 9.3% elsewhere. Religion was recorded as 64.1% Christian, 1.6% Buddhist, 0.5% Hindu, 1.6% Sikh, 0.3% Jewish, and 1.3% Muslim. 24.1% were recorded as having no religion, 0% had an alternative religion and 5.9% did not state their religion.

The economic activity of residents aged 16–74 was 46.8% in full-time employment, 8.7% in part-time employment, 16.7% self-employed, 1.3% unemployed, 0.9% students with jobs, 2.5% students without jobs, 12.7% retired, 6.2% looking after home or family, 1.7% permanently sick or disabled and 2.7% economically inactive for other reasons. The industry of employment of residents was 12.3% retail, 11.8% manufacturing, 4.5% construction, 24.6% real estate, 7.8% health and social work, 5.7% education, 9.1% transport and communications, 2.7% public administration, 6.7% hotels and restaurants, 2.7% finance, 3% agriculture and 9.1% other. Compared with national figures, the ward had a relatively high proportion of workers in agriculture and real estate. According to Office for National Statistics estimates, during the period of April 2001 to March 2002 the average gross weekly income of households was £840, compared with an average of £660 in South East England. Of the ward's residents aged 16–74, 37.2% had a higher education qualification or the equivalent, compared with 19.9% nationwide.

2011 Published Statistics: Population, home ownership and extracts from Physical Environment, surveyed in 2005
Output area Homes owned outright Owned with a loan Socially rented Privately rented Other km2 roads km2 water km2 domestic gardens km2 domestic buildings km2 non-domestic buildings Usual residents km2
Civil parish 353 244 28 139 19 0.258 0.494 0.421 0.087 0.086 1669 11.22

Sports

The village's football club, Taplow United F.C., play in the Hellenic Football League. The village cricket club is located on the Cliveden Road and the rugby union side, Phoenix RFC, is located on Institute Road near the railway station.

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