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Gap, Hautes-Alpes facts for kids

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View of Gap.
View of Gap.
Coat of arms of Gap
Coat of arms
Gap is located in France
Location in France
Gap is located in Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
Location in Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
Country France
Region Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
Department Hautes-Alpes
Arrondissement Gap
Canton Chief town of 4 cantons
Intercommunality CA Gap-Tallard-Durance
110.43 km2 (42.64 sq mi)
 • Density 364.258/km2 (943.42/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
05061 /05000
Elevation 625–2,360 m (2,051–7,743 ft)
(avg. 1,493 m or 4,898 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Gap is a commune in the Hautes-Alpes department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region in southeastern France. It is the préfecture (capital), and main city, of the department.

Gap is the highest prefecture (departmental capital) of France; the city is in a valley whose bottom is at an altitude of about 735 m (2,411 ft) above sea level.


Gap is in the south central part of the Hautes-Alpes department. The Luye, a tributary of the Durance river, flows through the city.

It has an area of 110.4 km2 (42.6 sq mi). Its average altitude is 1,493 m (4,898 ft); at the city hall, the altitude is 767 m (2,516 ft).

The distances from Gap to other cities are:

Gap and its neighboring communes
Map of the commune of Gap

The commune of Gap is surrounded by 17 communes: Laye, Saint-Laurent-du-Cros, Forest-Saint-Julien, La Rochette, Rambaud, Jarjayes, Neffes, Châteauvieux, Lettret, Pelleautier, La Roche-des-Arnauds, La Freissinouse, La Fare-en-Champsaur, Poligny, Le Noyer, Le Dévoluy, Rabou


The climate of Gap, in the Köppen climate classification, is Cfb - Oceanic climate with template summers.


The inhabitants of Gap are known, in French, as Gapençais (women: Gapençaises).

With a population of 40,225, Gap has a population density of 364 inhabitants/km2.

Evolution of the population in Gap

Gap forms with La Rochette the urban area of Gap with a population of 40,700 inhabitants (2014) and an area of 120.8 km2 (46.6 sq mi). This urban area is the centre of the metropolitan area of Gap, formed by 39 communes, with a population of 62,567 inhabitants (2014) and an area of 756.6 km2 (292.1 sq mi).


Gap is the prefecture of the Hautes-Alpes department, the capital of the arrondissement of Gap and the administrative centre (French: chef-lieu) of four cantons:

  • Gap-1 formed by a part of Gap, with 9,895 inhabitants (2014).
  • Gap-2 formed by a part of Gap, with 10,743 inhabitants (2014).
  • Gap-3 formed by a part of Gap, with 10,346 inhabitants (2014).
  • Gap-4 formed by a part of Gap, with 9,241 inhabitants (2014).

It is part of the intercommunality Gap-Tallard-Durance (French: Communauté d'agglomération Gap-Tallard-Durance).

Twin towns

Gap is twinned with:


Gap Pan01
A panoramic view of Gap

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