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Garden County, Nebraska facts for kids

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Garden County
Garden County Courthouse in Oshkosh
Garden County Courthouse in Oshkosh
Map of Nebraska highlighting Garden County
Location within the U.S. state of Nebraska
Map of the United States highlighting Nebraska
Nebraska's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  Nebraska
Founded 1909
Named for Garden of Eden
Seat Oshkosh
Largest city Oshkosh
 • Total 1,731 sq mi (4,480 km2)
 • Land 1,704 sq mi (4,410 km2)
 • Water 27 sq mi (70 km2)  1.5%%
 • Estimate 
 • Density 1.1/sq mi (0.4/km2)
Time zone UTC−7 (Mountain)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−6 (MDT)
Congressional district 3rd

Garden County is a county in the U.S. state of Nebraska. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 2,057. Its county seat is Oshkosh.

In the Nebraska license plate system, Garden County is represented by the prefix 77 (it had the seventy-seventh-largest number of vehicles registered in the state when the license plate system was established in 1922).


Garden County was formed in 1909 by popular vote. Voters in the general election of November 2, 1909 approved making the northern part of Deuel County into its own county. It is said the county was so named in the hope that this land should become the garden of the West or with allusion to the "Garden of Eden".

The county has lost population since the Great Depression and Dust Bowl of the 1930s. The land was homesteaded for family farms that often turned out to be too small for subsistence farming under the arid conditions of the region. In the early decades of settlement by immigrants and migrants from the East, farmers did not know how to work the land on the prairies. Tons of topsoil were lost after droughts.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,731 square miles (4,480 km2), of which 1,704 square miles (4,410 km2) is land and 27 square miles (70 km2) (1.5%) is water.

Major highways

  • US 26.svg U.S. Highway 26
  • N-27.svg Nebraska Highway 27
  • N-92.svg Nebraska Highway 92

Adjacent counties

National protected area


Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 3,538
1920 4,572 29.2%
1930 5,099 11.5%
1940 4,680 −8.2%
1950 4,114 −12.1%
1960 3,472 −15.6%
1970 2,929 −15.6%
1980 2,802 −4.3%
1990 2,460 −12.2%
2000 2,292 −6.8%
2010 2,057 −10.3%
Est. 2017 1,906 −7.3%
US Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013
Nebraska Tree near Cisco
Lone tree on the prairie, on Rt 92 near Lisco

As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 2,292 people, 1,020 households, and 658 families in the county. The population density was 1.3 people per square mile (0.5/km2). There were 1,298 housing units at an average density of 0.8 per square mile (0.3/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 98.34% White, 0.13% Black or African American, 0.26% Native American, 0.26% Asian, 0.52% from other races, and 0.48% from two or more races. 1.44% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 43.5% were of German, 10.0% Irish, 9.6% American and 9.2% English ancestry.

There were 1,020 households, out of which 24.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.90% were married couples living together, 6.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.40% were non-families. 32.50% of all households were made up of individuals, and 16.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.19 and the average family size was 2.77.

The county population contained 21.80% under the age of 18, 4.60% from 18 to 24, 22.70% from 25 to 44, 27.00% from 45 to 64, and 24.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 46 years. For every 100 females there were 94.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $26,458, and the median income for a family was $32,546. Males had a median income of $21,495 versus $17,000 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,414. About 10.80% of families and 14.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.00% of those under age 18 and 8.70% of those age 65 or over.




Census-designated place

Other unincorporated places

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