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Geneva, Ohio
City of Geneva
Public library
Public library
Official seal of Geneva, Ohio
Seal
Location of Geneva within Ashtabula County, Ohio
Location of Geneva within Ashtabula County, Ohio
Location of Geneva in Ashtabula County
Location of Geneva in Ashtabula County
Country United States
State Ohio
County Ashtabula
Township(s) Geneva, Harpersfield
Area first settled 1805
City first settled 1816
Incorporated 1866 as village
1958 as city
Named for Geneva, New York
Government
 • Type Council–manager
Area
 • Total 4.08 sq mi (10.56 km2)
 • Land 4.08 sq mi (10.56 km2)
 • Water 0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation
673 ft (205 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total 6,215
 • Estimate 
(2019)
5,937
 • Density 1,455.50/sq mi (562.03/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
44041
Area code(s) 440
Demonym Genevan
FIPS Code 39-29610
GNIS Feature ID 1040812
Website https://www.genevaohio.gov

Geneva is a city in Ashtabula County, Ohio, United States. The area which would become Geneva was originally settled in 1805, and was incorporated as a city in 1958. It is named after Geneva, New York. The population was 6,215 at the 2010 census.

History

The area which would eventually be Geneva was first settled in 1805 by a handful of settlers from Charlotte, New York. In 1806, settlers from Harpersfield, New York arrived and established Harpersfield Township, which included the present-day townships of Geneva, Trumbull and Hartsgrove. However, in 1816, citizens of Harpersfield decided to withdraw from the township and form their own township, which then became Geneva Township, named after Geneva, New York. In 1866, the town of Geneva then became a village, and, nearly one hundred years later, in 1958, Geneva was incorporated as a city.

Geography

Geneva is located at 41°48′0″N 80°56′45″W / 41.80000°N 80.94583°W / 41.80000; -80.94583 (41.800098, -80.945784), 45 miles (72 km) east of Cleveland and 55 miles (89 km) west of Erie, Pennsylvania.

The city is bordered to the north, east and west by Geneva Township and by Harpersfield Township to the south. The Grand River flows around Geneva to the south in Harpersfield and to the west in Lake County. The Geneva State Park is located to the north of the city (within Geneva Township).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.14 square miles (10.72 km2), all land.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 1,090
1880 1,993 82.8%
1890 2,194 10.1%
1900 2,342 6.7%
1910 2,496 6.6%
1920 3,081 23.4%
1930 3,791 23.0%
1940 4,171 10.0%
1950 4,718 13.1%
1960 5,677 20.3%
1970 6,449 13.6%
1980 6,655 3.2%
1990 6,597 −0.9%
2000 6,595 0.0%
2010 6,215 −5.8%
2019 (est.) 5,937 −4.5%
Sources:

2010 census

At the 2010 census there were 6,215 people in 2,479 households, including 1,527 families, in the city. The population density was 1,501.2 inhabitants per square mile (579.6/km2). There were 2,769 housing units at an average density of 668.8 per square mile (258.2/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 94.3% White, 1.7% African American, 0.1% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 1.8% from other races, and 1.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.5%.

Of the 2,479 households 30.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.1% were married couples living together, 13.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.7% had a male householder with no wife present, and 38.4% were non-families. 32.0% of households were one person and 14.1% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 2.96.

The median age was 40.9 years. 22.2% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 25.3% were from 25 to 44; 26.9% were from 45 to 64; and 17.8% were 65 or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.8% male and 51.2% female.

Transportation

Three major routes pass through (or near) Geneva. Interstate 90, the northernmost east-west and coast-to-coast interstate, passes roughly two miles south of the city. There, a full-access interchange (exit 218) intersects Route 534, which passes through Geneva and terminates north of the city. Route 534 intersects Route 20, the longest road in the United States, in downtown Geneva.

Culture

Geneva Grape Jamboree

The Grape Jamboree is an annual celebration of the area's grape-growing and wine-producing industries. The festival occurs during the final full weekend of September, and lasts both days. Festivities include two parades, one held on each day, as well as various amusement park-type rides and typical festival food kiosks set up on the main streets (Route 20 and Route 534) of Geneva.

West Liberty Covered Bridge

An addition to Ashtabula County's existing covered bridges, the West Liberty Covered Bridge, purported to be the shortest covered bridge in the United States, opened in 2011.

Declaration of Lunar Ownership

On April 12, 1966, more than 200 people attended ceremonies at Geneva High School at which it was revealed that the city had claimed ownership of the moon. The "Declaration of Lunar Ownership" contained 35 signatures, and was revealed simultaneously with the city's 100th anniversary. It claimed that the "physical property of the moon shall belong exclusively to the citizens of Geneva, Ohio," and that unfriendly acts upon the city would be responded to with "all human dignity and moral circumspection." The city also held the right to rent or lease its moon holdings via a two-thirds vote of the city's entire population, and provided for the sale of 100 deeds for 100 acres (0.40 km2) of land, each acre priced at US$100.

Economy

Geneva is home to HDT Global, an industrial outfit that manufactures air conditioning, heating, and filtration units for heavy industry. In recent years, they have been awarded over $100 million in U.S. Department of Defense contracts.

In the 2000s, a levy for new school buildings was passed. The Geneva Junior High will be remade and include 6th grade as of the school year of 2010–2011. Spencer Elementary and Geneva Elementary are also being remade into one new school, Geneva Platt R. Spencer Elementary, which includes K-5. The Geneva High School was also remade.

In January 2020, a major local economic driver, SPIRE Institute and Academy, was sold to a new owner. It was later announced that there are plans to expand their current programs and offerings in Geneva and in Maryland.

Education

Austinburg Elementary School
Former Austinburg Elementary, one of the district's three elementary schools.

The Geneva Area City School District provides K–12 education to students in Geneva as well as Geneva Township (including Geneva-on-the-Lake), Harpersfield Township, Trumbull Township and Austinburg Township (including Austinburg). The district has three elementary schools (Geneva Platt R. Spencer Elementary, Cork Elementary and Austinburg Elementary), one middle school (Geneva Middle School) and one high school (Geneva High School). The elementary schools serve students in grades K–5, while the middle school and high schools serve students in grades 6–8 and 9–12 respectively. The district has an open enrollment policy, allowing students from the entire county, as well as Lake and Geauga Counties to enroll.

Infrastructure

Transportation

Three major routes pass through (or near) Geneva. Interstate 90, the northernmost east–west and coast-to-coast interstate, passes roughly two miles south of the city. There, a full-access interchange (exit 218) intersects Route 534, which passes through Geneva and terminates north of the city. Route 534 intersects Route 20, the longest road in the United States, in downtown Geneva.

Notable people

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