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Glen Carbon
Glen Carbon, Illinois in May 2017
Glen Carbon, Illinois in May 2017
Location of Glen Carbon in Madison County, Illinois.
Location of Glen Carbon in Madison County, Illinois.
Location of Illinois in the United States
Location of Illinois in the United States
Country United States
State Illinois
County Madison
Founded 1892
 • Total 10.31 sq mi (26.69 km2)
 • Land 10.19 sq mi (26.39 km2)
 • Water 0.12 sq mi (0.30 km2)
 • Total 13,842
 • Density 1,261.04/sq mi (486.90/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP Code(s)
Area code(s) 618
FIPS code 17-29639
Wikimedia Commons Glen Carbon, Illinois

Glen Carbon is a village in Madison County, Illinois, United States, 14 miles (23 km) northeast of St. Louis. The population was 13,842 at the 2020 census.


In 1801, Colonel Samuel Judy received a military grant for 100 acres (0.40 km2) of land near the base of the bluffs, just north of Judy Creek, and became one of the first permanent settlers of Madison County. The land was called Goshen Settlement, after the biblical land of Goshen. It was renamed Glen Carbon to reflect its coal mining heritage. Glen Carbon was incorporated as a village in 1892. It operated many coal mines until the last one shut down in 1934. Another industry was the St. Louis brick company, which burned down in the 1930s; then, right after being rebuilt, it burned down and was never rebuilt again.

Three railroads once served Glen Carbon. The Illinois Central Railroad, now the Ronald J. Foster Sr. Heritage Bike Trail, became one of the first rails to trails projects in the US, in 1992. The other two lines were the Norfolk Southern line and the Chicago and North Western line, which ran parallel with each other the entire way through Glen Carbon, and stopped operating in Glen Carbon in March 2000. The Nickel Plate Bike Trail follows both of those right-of-ways, switching back and forth between the NS and CNW lines the whole way through Glen Carbon.


Glen Carbon is located at 38°45′35″N 89°58′9″W / 38.75972°N 89.96917°W / 38.75972; -89.96917 (38.759801, -89.969204).

According to the 2010 census, Glen Carbon has a total area of 10.188 square miles (26.39 km2), of which 10.04 square miles (26.00 km2) (or 98.55%) is land and 0.148 square miles (0.38 km2) (or 1.45%) is water.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 1,348
1910 1,220 −9.5%
1920 1,323 8.4%
1930 1,340 1.3%
1940 1,091 −18.6%
1950 1,176 7.8%
1960 1,241 5.5%
1970 1,897 52.9%
1980 5,197 174.0%
1990 7,731 48.8%
2000 10,425 34.8%
2010 12,934 24.1%
2020 13,842 7.0%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census of 2000, there were 10,425 people, 4,011 households, and 2,815 families residing in the village. The population density was 1,405.5 people per square mile (542.5/km2). There were 4,236 housing units at an average density of 571.1 per square mile (220.4/km2). The racial makeup of the village was 89.09% White, 6.96% African American, 0.20% Native American, 2.12% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.41% from other races, and 1.17% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.50% of the population.

There were 4,011 households, out of which 34.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.6% were married couples living together, 8.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.8% were non-families. 22.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.06.

In the village, the population was spread out, with 25.3% under the age of 18, 10.2% from 18 to 24, 30.0% from 25 to 44, 23.5% from 45 to 64, and 11.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 94.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.5 males.

The median income for a household in the village was $55,841, and the median income for a family was $72,182. Males had a median income of $50,086 versus $31,689 for females. The per capita income for the village was $26,374. About 3.2% of families and 5.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.8% of those under age 18 and 6.2% of those age 65 or over.

Parks and recreation

The Village of Glen Carbon operates three parks and the Ronald J. Foster Sr. Heritage Trail, an 11-mile (18 km) trail dedicated to the former mayor in 1991. It follows the old Illinois Central Railroad right-of-way that once served Glen Carbon.

Miner Park

Miner Park is located in the Old Town section. The entrance to the park is located between the American Legion Post and the Glen Carbon Centennial Library. This is the main park in Glen Carbon, with direct access to the Nickel Plate Bike Trail, a 15-mile (24 km) trail that follows the old Chicago & North Western and Norfolk Southern rights-of-way. The CNW & NS Railroads served Glen Carbon until March 2000.

The facilities available are:

Citizen Park

Citizen Park is located behind Fire Station #1 and off Main Street in Old Town. It serves as the entrance to the Ronald J. Foster Sr. Heritage Trail.


  • Lighted baseball field
  • Concession stands
  • Comfort stations
  • Bleacher seating
  • Parking area beyond right center field fence line

Village Hall Park

Village Hall Park is a 3-acre (12,000 m2) facility located directly behind the Village Hall at 151 North Main Street. This park is the main sporting and recreational complex in Glen Carbon.


  • Tennis courts
  • Lighted baseball field
  • Concession stand
  • Comfort stations
  • Little folks playground
  • Sheltered pavilions


Glen Carbon is served by the Edwardsville Community Unit District 7 School System of elementary, middle and high school education. It is one of the top-rated school districts in Illinois, educating students since 1864.

Glen Carbon is also home to Father McGivney Catholic High School, which was established in 2012. In 2015 the school earned its first state title in Bass Fishing.

Notable people

  • Glenn Bradford, Illinois politician and lawyer
  • A. J. Epenesa, University of Iowa football defensive lineman<Buffalo Bills NFL>
  • Johnny Lucas, outfielder for the Boston Red Sox; born in Glen Carbon
  • Jake Coddington, NCAA Division 1 basketball player for the Ole Miss Rebels
  • Drake Wescott, NCAA Division 1 baseball player for the Louisville Cardinals
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