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Glynn County, Georgia facts for kids

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Glynn County
Glynn County Courthouse
Glynn County Courthouse
Map of Georgia highlighting Glynn County
Location within the U.S. state of Georgia
Map of the United States highlighting Georgia
Georgia's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  Georgia
Founded 1777; 245 years ago (1777)
Named for John Glynn
Seat Brunswick
Largest city Brunswick
Area
 • Total 585 sq mi (1,520 km2)
 • Land 420 sq mi (1,100 km2)
 • Water 165 sq mi (430 km2)  28.3%%
Population
 • Estimate 
(2019)
85,292
 • Density 190/sq mi (70/km2)
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district 1st

Glynn County is located in the southeastern part of the U.S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 79,626. The county seat is Brunswick. Glynn County is part of the Brunswick, Georgia Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History

Glynn County, one of the original eight counties in the state created on February 5, 1777, was named after John Glynn, a member of the British House of Commons who defended the cause of the American Colonies before the American Revolution.The Battle of Bloody Marsh was fought in Glynn County. James Oglethorpe built Fort Frederica which was used a base in the American Revolutionary War. Glynn Academy is the second oldest school in Georgia.

Glynn County includes the most prominent of the Sea Islands of Georgia, including Jekyll Island, St. Simons Island, and Sea Island. The Georgia poet Sidney Lanier immortalized the seacoast there in his poem, "The Marshes of Glynn", which begins:

Glooms of the live-oaks, beautiful-braided and woven
With intricate shades of the vines that myriad-cloven
Clamber the forks of the multiform boughs,--
Emerald twilights,--
Virginal shy lights,
Wrought of the leaves to allure to the whisper of vows,
When lovers pace timidly down through the green colonnades
Of the dim sweet woods, of the dear dark woods,
Of the heavenly woods and glades,
That run to the radiant marginal sand-beach within
The wide sea-marshes of Glynn;--

The former Glynco Naval Air Station, named for the county, was a major base for blimps and anti-submarine warfare during World War II. The Federal Law Enforcement Training Center (FLETC) now uses a substantial part of the former NAS as its main campus.

Geography

Glynn County, Georgia historical marker
Historical marker

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 585 square miles (1,520 km2), of which 420 square miles (1,100 km2) is land and 165 square miles (430 km2) (28.3%) is water.

The majority of Glynn County is located in the Cumberland-St. Simons sub-basin of the St. Marys-Satilla River basin. Most of the county's northern and northwestern border area is located in the Altamaha River sub-basin of the basin by the same name.

Major highways

  • I-95.svg Interstate 95
  • US 17.svg U.S. Route 17
  • US 25.svg U.S. Route 25
  • US 82.svg U.S. Route 82
  • US 341.svg U.S. Route 341
  • Georgia 25.svg State Route 25
  • Georgia 25 Connector.svg State Route 25 Connector
  • Georgia 25 Spur.svg State Route 25 Spur
  • Georgia 27.svg State Route 27
  • Georgia 32.svg State Route 32
  • Georgia 99.svg State Route 99
  • Georgia 303.svg State Route 303
  • Georgia 405.svg State Route 405 (unsigned designation for I-95)
  • Georgia 520.svg State Route 520

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1790 413
1800 1,874 353.8%
1810 3,417 82.3%
1820 3,418 0.0%
1830 4,567 33.6%
1840 5,302 16.1%
1850 4,933 −7.0%
1860 3,889 −21.2%
1870 5,376 38.2%
1880 6,497 20.9%
1890 13,420 106.6%
1900 14,317 6.7%
1910 15,720 9.8%
1920 19,370 23.2%
1930 19,400 0.2%
1940 21,920 13.0%
1950 29,046 32.5%
1960 41,954 44.4%
1970 50,528 20.4%
1980 54,981 8.8%
1990 62,496 13.7%
2000 67,568 8.1%
2010 79,626 17.8%
2019 (est.) 85,292 7.1%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013

2020 census

Glynn County racial composition
Race Num. Perc.
White (non-Hispanic) 52,987 62.71%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 20,469 24.22%
Native American 175 0.21%
Asian 1,175 1.39%
Pacific Islander 92 0.11%
Other/Mixed 3,265 3.86%
Hispanic or Latino 6,336 7.5%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 84,499 people, 34,614 households, and 22,352 families residing in the county.

2019 United States Census Bureau American Community Survey estimates


Circle frame-1.svg

Racial Makeup of Glynn County (2019)      White alone (68.49%)     Black alone (26.32%)     Native American alone (0.36%)     Asian alone (1.30%)     Pacific Islander alone (0.12%)     Some other race (0.96%)     Multi-racial alone (2.45%)


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Racial Makeup of Glynn County treating Hispanics as a Racial Category (2019)
NH=Non-Hispanic      White NH (63.56%)     Black NH (26.07%)     Native American NH (0.35%)     Asian NH (1.27%)     Pacific Islander NH (0.12%)     Other race NH (0.28%)     Multi-racial NH (1.74%)     Hispanic Any Race (6.62%)


Circle frame-1.svg

Racial Makeup of Hispanics in Glynn County (2019)      White alone (74.61%)     Black alone (3.81%)     Native American alone (0.18%)     Asian alone (0.54%)     Pacific Islander alone (0.01%)     Other race alone (10.22%)     Multi-racial alone (10.65%)

2015

In terms of European ancestry, 40.8% were English, 10.6% were "American", 10.2% were Irish, and 7.9% were German.

The median income for a household in the county was $50,337 and the median income for a family was $62,445. Males had a median income of $43,240 versus $32,112 for females. The per capita income for the county was $28,040. About 11.7% of families and 15.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.9% of those under age 18 and 9.0% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 79,626 people, 31,774 households, and 21,259 families living in the county. The population density was 189.7 inhabitants per square mile (73.2/km2). There were 40,716 housing units at an average density of 97.0 per square mile (37.5/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 67.6% white, 26.0% black or African American, 1.2% Asian, 0.3% American Indian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 3.0% from other races, and 1.8% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 6.4% of the population.

Superfund sites

Glynn County is home to seventeen identified hazardous waste sites, six actively polluting industries, and four Superfund sites. The Hanlin Group, Inc., which maintained a facility named "LCP Chemicals" in Glynn County just outside the corporate limits of Brunswick, was convicted of dumping 150 tons of mercury into Purvis Creek, a tributary of the Turtle River and surrounding tidal marshes between the mid-1980s and its closure in 1994. Two executives were sentenced to prison time over the incident.

The LCP facility had been declared a Superfund site when it closed in 1994 and was already under scrutiny by the EPA when Service biologists discovered mercury poisoning in endangered wood storks on St. Simons Island. Fish, shellfish, crabs, and shrimps taken in coastal waters as well as other bird species also contained the toxic metal. The Service traced the source of the contamination to the LCP plant and documented the extent of the damage to wildlife resources–an effort that resulted in the addition of Endangered Species Act charges to those that would be brought against Hanlin and its officers. Link to EPA information

Other Superfund sites in the area are

  • Brunswick Wood Preserving EPA link
  • Hercules 009 Landfill EPA link
  • Terry Creek Dredge Spoil Areas/Hercules Outfall EPA link

Communities

City

Census-designated places

Unincorporated community

Education

Glynn County's public schools are operated by Glynn County School System.

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