Guymon, Oklahoma facts for kids

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Guymon, Oklahoma
City
Location within Oklahoma and within Texas County
Location within Oklahoma and within Texas County
Country United States
State Oklahoma
County Texas
Incorporated 1901
Area
 • Total 7.3 sq mi (19.0 km2)
 • Land 7.3 sq mi (18.9 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 3,123 ft (952 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 11,442
 • Estimate (2015) 11,921
 • Density 1,567/sq mi (602.2/km2)
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 73942
Area code 580
FIPS code 40-31750
GNIS feature ID 1093452
Website GuymonOK.org

Guymon is a city in and the county seat of Texas County, Oklahoma. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 11,442, an increase of 6.5 percent from 10,472 in 2000. The 2012 census estimate grew to 11,930. Cattle feedlots, corporate pork farms, and natural gas dominate its economy, with wind energy production and transmission recently diversifying landwners' farms.

Guymon promotes itself with the slogan, "Queen City of the Panhandle." Some cynics apparently have coined another slogan, "Home of the Most Lied-About Weather in the U.S."

History

In the 1890s, Edward T. “E.T.” Guymon, president of the Inter-State Land and Town Company, purchased a section of land west of the Beaver River, also known as the North Canadian River. The site grew very rapidly after the Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railway (Rock Island) built a line from Liberal, Kansas to Texhoma, Texas in 1901. A community, first named Sanford by the U.S. Post Office Department, was sited along the line. It was renamed Guymon a month later by postal officials to avoid confusion with the town of Stratford, Texas, which was further down the line. Guymon incorporated in 1901. The town plat was filed in Beaver County, Oklahoma Territory, in 1904.

Texas County, Oklahoma courthouse from E 1
Texas County Courthouse, 2012

Guymon's growth was helped when most of the businesses moved there from the nearby town of Hardesty. One of these was the newspaper, Hardesty Herald, which owner Richard B. Quinn quickly renamed as the Guymon Herald. When Oklahoma became a state in 1907, Guymon claimed 839 residents, and was named county seat of the newly created Texas County. By the 1910 U.S. census, the town had 1,342 residents. It also had three banks, three hotels, four doctors, a flour mill, a grain company and several retail establishments. A second newspaper, the Guymon Democrat, was in business. Agriculture became the basis of Guymon's economy. The 1920 census recorded 1,507 residents, which grew to 2,181 in 1930. By 1932, the town had two cream stations and five grain elevators.

The Great Depression and the Dust Bowl of the 1930s had a negative effect on Guymon. Some old-time residents remember "Black Sunday", April 14, 1935, as the day of the worst dust storm in the area's history. However, discovery of the nearby Hugoton-Panhandle gas field created many new jobs, and brought Guymon's population to 2,290 in 1940.

The Guymon Pioneer Days Rodeo has offered tributes to the community’s pioneer spirit every May since 1933. In 2014 the rodeo was inducted into the ProRodeo Hall of Fame of the Professional Rodeo Cowboys Association (PRCA). In 2006, the rodeo had over 900 contestants with over $385,000 in prize money.

The Anchor D Ranch, a large cattle ranch in the No Man's Land section of the Oklahoma-Texas Panhandle, is located nearby.

Geography

Located on the High Plains of the central Oklahoma Panhandle Guymon sits 122 miles (196 km) north of Amarillo, Texas and 120 miles (193 km) west-northwest of Woodward, Oklahoma. Optima National Wildlife Refuge, Optima Lake and the state-run Optima Wildlife Management Area lie roughly 16 miles (26 km) to the east along the North Canadian River.

Guymon is located at Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:mw' not found. (36.6828041,-101.4815493) and sits at an elevation of 3,126 feet (953 m). According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 7.3 square miles (18.9 km2), of which 7.3 square miles (18.9 km2) is land and 0.04 square miles (0.1 km2) (0.27%) is water.

Climate

Climate data for Guymon, Oklahoma
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 83
(28.3)
84
(28.9)
93
(33.9)
96
(35.6)
102
(38.9)
108
(42.2)
107
(41.7)
108
(42.2)
106
(41.1)
98
(36.7)
86
(30)
86
(30)
108
(42.2)
Average high °F (°C) 48
(8.9)
52
(11.1)
58
(14.4)
69
(20.6)
78
(25.6)
89
(31.7)
93
(33.9)
92
(33.3)
85
(29.4)
74
(23.3)
59
(15)
51
(10.6)
70.7
(21.48)
Average low °F (°C) 21
(-6.1)
25
(-3.9)
29
(-1.7)
41
(5)
50
(10)
61
(16.1)
65
(18.3)
65
(18.3)
56
(13.3)
44
(6.7)
30
(-1.1)
24
(-4.4)
42.6
(5.88)
Record low °F (°C) −19
(-28.3)
−11
(-23.9)
−7
(-21.7)
17
(-8.3)
28
(-2.2)
41
(5)
48
(8.9)
46
(7.8)
31
(-0.6)
24
(-4.4)
4
(-15.6)
0
(-17.8)
−19
(-28.3)
Precipitation inches (mm) 0.5
(13)
0.9
(23)
0.8
(20)
1.7
(43)
3.1
(79)
2.5
(64)
3.5
(89)
2.8
(71)
1.9
(48)
1.8
(46)
0.8
(20)
0.6
(15)
20.9
(531)
Snowfall inches (cm) 3.2
(8.1)
3.9
(9.9)
3.3
(8.4)
1
(3)
0.1
(0.3)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.2
(0.5)
1.3
(3.3)
3.5
(8.9)
16.5
(41.9)
Humidity 75 71 62 67 59 58 58 54 55 61 58 73 63
Avg. rainy days 1.6 2.6 2.2 4.3 6.2 4.9 6.2 5.4 3.6 3.4 2 2 44.4
Source #1: weather.com
Source #2: Weatherbase.com

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 1,342
1920 1,507 12.3%
1930 2,181 44.7%
1940 2,290 5.0%
1950 4,718 106.0%
1960 5,768 22.3%
1970 7,674 33.0%
1980 8,492 10.7%
1990 7,803 −8.1%
2000 10,472 34.2%
2010 11,442 9.3%
Est. 2015 11,921 4.2%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the 2010 census, there were 11,442 people, 3,651 households, and 2,632 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,600 people per square mile (600/km²). There were 3,941 housing units at an average density of 539.4 per square mile (208.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city as of 2013 was 55.2% Hispanic, 39.8% White, 2.6% Asian, 1.4% Black, 0.06% Native American, and 2.8% of two or more races.

There were 3,651 households out of which 39.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.0% were married couples living together, 8.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.9% were non-families. 21.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.82 and the average family size was 3.26.

In the city, the population was spread out with 29.1% under the age of 18, 12.0% from 18 to 24, 30.6% from 25 to 44, 18.3% from 45 to 64, and 10.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females there were 106.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 107.9 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $37,333, and the median income for a family was $44,841. Males had a median income of $26,162 versus $20,450 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,682. About 10.1% of families and 14.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.7% of those under age 18 and 5.2% of those age 65 or over.

In the 2010 census, Guymon had the fourth largest Hispanic population among cities in the state, trailing only Oklahoma City, Tulsa and Lawton.

Recreation


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