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Henderson County, Kentucky facts for kids

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Henderson County
Henderson county courthouse in Henderson, Kentucky.
Henderson county courthouse in Henderson, Kentucky.
Map of Kentucky highlighting Henderson County
Location within the U.S. state of Kentucky
Map of the United States highlighting Kentucky
Kentucky's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  Kentucky
Founded 1798
Named for Richard Henderson
Seat Henderson
Largest city Henderson
 • Total 466 sq mi (1,210 km2)
 • Land 437 sq mi (1,130 km2)
 • Water 30 sq mi (80 km2)  6.4%%
 • Total 44,793 Decrease
Time zone UTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district 1st

Henderson County is a county in the U.S. state of Kentucky. The county is located in western Kentucky on the Ohio River across from Evansville, Indiana. As of the 2010 census, the population was 46,250. The county seat is Henderson.

The county was formed in 1798 and named for Richard Henderson who purchased 17,000,000 acres (69,000 km2) of land from the Cherokee Indians, part of which would later make up the county.

Henderson County lies within the West Kentucky Coal Field area. It is also part of the Evansville, IN-KY Metropolitan Statistical Area.


Henderson County was established in 1798, using land taken from Christian County.

A peninsula across the Ohio from Henderson, which now forms Union Township, Vanderburgh County, Indiana, was the subject of Handly's Lessee v. Anthony, a U.S. Supreme Court case in 1820. An area known as "Green River Island" is part of Kentucky, even though is on the Indiana side of the Ohio River. The Ellis Park Race Course is located there.

Once home to part of the Cherokee Nation, members of the Southern Cherokee were welcomed to Kentucky in 1893 and recognized as an Indian tribe by Governor John Young Brown. The Southern Cherokee still live in Henderson County.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 466 square miles (1,210 km2), of which 437 square miles (1,130 km2) is land and 30 square miles (78 km2) (6.4%) is water. The county's northern border with Indiana is formed by the Ohio River.

Adjacent counties


Historical population
Census Pop.
1800 1,468
1810 4,703 220.4%
1820 5,714 21.5%
1830 6,659 16.5%
1840 9,548 43.4%
1850 12,171 27.5%
1860 14,262 17.2%
1870 18,457 29.4%
1880 24,515 32.8%
1890 29,536 20.5%
1900 32,907 11.4%
1910 29,352 −10.8%
1920 27,609 −5.9%
1930 26,295 −4.8%
1940 27,020 2.8%
1950 30,715 13.7%
1960 33,519 9.1%
1970 36,031 7.5%
1980 40,849 13.4%
1990 43,044 5.4%
2000 44,829 4.1%
2010 46,250 3.2%
2020 44,793 −3.2%
2021 (est.) 44,329 −4.2%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790–1960 1900–1990
1990–2000 2010–2021

As of the census of 2000, there were 44,829 people, 18,095 households, and 12,576 families residing in the county. The population density was 102 per square mile (39/km2). There were 19,466 housing units at an average density of 44 per square mile (17/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 91.16% White, 7.10% Black or African American, 0.16% Native American, 0.33% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.39% from other races, and 0.86% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.97% of the population.

There were 18,095 households, out of which 32.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.40% were married couples living together, 11.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.50% were non-families. 26.40% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 2.93.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 24.60% under the age of 18, 8.40% from 18 to 24, 30.00% from 25 to 44, 23.90% from 45 to 64, and 13.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $35,892, and the median income for a family was $44,703. Males had a median income of $33,838 versus $22,572 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,470. About 9.70% of families and 12.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.20% of those under age 18 and 10.10% of those age 65 or over.



Census-designated places

Other unincorporated places

Notable people

  • Happy Chandler, 44th and 49th governor of Kentucky, was born in the farming community of Corydon, Kentucky, in 1898.
  • John James Audubon, ornithologist, painter and naturalist, lived in Henderson from 1810 to 1819.
  • W. C. Handy, a musician and composer who became known as the Father of the Blues, lived in Henderson during the 1890s, performing in bands.
  • Ewing Galloway, a journalist and one-time county prosecutor, was born in Little Dixie, Kentucky, 1880.
  • Kentucky clergyman and university president LaVerne Butler was born in Henderson County in 1926.
  • Country entertainer Grandpa Jones, born in 1913 in the small farming community of Niagara, Kentucky.
  • Marine Corporal Luther Skaggs Jr., born in Henderson, Kentucky, in 1923.
  • Command Sergeant Major Gary L. Littrell, born in Henderson in 1944.

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Condado de Henderson (Kentucky) para niños

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