Hermann von Helmholtz facts for kids

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Hermann von Helmholtz
Born Hermann Ludwig Ferdinand von Helmholtz
(1821-08-31)August 31, 1821
Potsdam, Kingdom of Prussia
Died September 8, 1894(1894-09-08) (aged 73)
Charlottenburg, German Empire
Residence Germany
Nationality German
Fields
Institutions
Alma mater Medicinisch-chirurgisches Friedrich-Wilhelm-Institut [de]
Influences Johann Gottlieb Fichte
Immanuel Kant
Hermann Lotze
Influenced Friedrich Albert Lange
Ludwig Wittgenstein
Notable awards Matteucci Medal (1868)
Copley Medal (1873)
Faraday Lectureship Prize (1881)
Albert Medal (1888)

Hermann Ludwig Ferdinand von Helmholtz (31 August 1821 – 8 September 1894) was a German physician and physicist who made significant contributions in several scientific fields. The Helmholtz Association is named after him.

In physiology and psychology, he is known for his mathematics of the eye, theories of vision, ideas on the visual perception of space, and color vision research. His work on the sensation of tone, perception of sound, and the physiology of perception is also notable.

In physics, he is known for his theories on the conservation of energy, work in electrodynamics, chemical thermodynamics, and on a mechanical foundation of thermodynamics.

As a philosopher, he is known for his philosophy of science, ideas on the relation between the laws of perception and the laws of nature, the science of aesthetics, and ideas on the civilizing power of science.

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