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Johann Gottlieb Fichte
Johann Gottlieb Fichte.jpg
Born (1762-05-19)May 19, 1762
Rammenau, Electoral Saxony in the Holy Roman Empire
Died January 27, 1814(1814-01-27) (aged 51)
Nationality German
Education Schulpforta
University of Jena
(1780; no degree)
Leipzig University
(1781–1784; no degree)
Era 18th-century philosophy
Region Western philosophy

Johann Gottlieb Fichte (May 19, 1762 – January 27, 1814), was a German philosopher who became a founding figure of the philosophical movement known as German idealism, which developed from the theoretical and ethical writings of Immanuel Kant.

Recently, philosophers and scholars have begun to appreciate Fichte as an important philosopher in his own right due to his original insights into the nature of self-consciousness or self-awareness. Fichte was also the originator of thesis–antithesis–synthesis. Fichte also wrote works of political philosophy; he has a reputation as one of the fathers of German nationalism.

He died of typhus at the age of 51. His son, Immanuel Hermann Fichte (18 July 1796 – 8 August 1879), also made contributions to philosophy.

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