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Hughes County, Oklahoma facts for kids

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Hughes County
1909 map of Hughes County
1909 map of Hughes County
Map of Oklahoma highlighting Hughes County
Location within the U.S. state of Oklahoma
Map of the United States highlighting Oklahoma
Oklahoma's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  Oklahoma
Founded 1907
Named for W. C. Hughes
Seat Holdenville
Largest city Holdenville
 • Total 815 sq mi (2,110 km2)
 • Land 805 sq mi (2,080 km2)
 • Water 10 sq mi (30 km2)  1.3%%
 • Total 14,003
 • Estimate 
 • Density 17/sq mi (7/km2)
Time zone UTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district 2nd

Hughes County is a county located in south central U.S. state of Oklahoma. As of the 2010 census, the population was 14,003. Its county seat is Holdenville. The county was named for W. C. Hughes, an Oklahoma City lawyer who was a member of the Oklahoma Constitutional Convention.


The area now occupied by Hughes County was part of Indian Territory in the 19th Century. The Creeks settled in the northern part, while the Choctaws settled in the southern. In 1834, Camp Holmes was established and used as a base for the Dodge-Leavenworth Expedition. It was near Edwards' Store on Little River, one of the first settlements in this area.

When the Choctaw, Oklahoma and Gulf Railroad built in 1895, the Edward's settlement was moved north for access to the railroad. The town established there was named Holden, for James Franklin Holder, a railroad official. However, the Post Office Department would not accept that name because it was too similar to the name Holder. The town was renamed Holdenville. The post office opened November 15, 1895. Holdenville incorporated in 1898.

Hughes County was created at statehood and named for W. C. Hughes, an Oklahoma City lawyer who was a member of the Oklahoma Constitutional Convention.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 815 square miles (2,110 km2), of which 805 square miles (2,080 km2) is land and 10 square miles (26 km2) (1.3%) is water. The county is located in the Sandstone Hills physiographic region. It is drained by the North Canadian River, Canadian River, and Little River.

The county includes Holdenville and Wetumka lakes.

Major highways

Adjacent counties


Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 24,040
1920 26,045 8.3%
1930 30,334 16.5%
1940 29,189 −3.8%
1950 20,664 −29.2%
1960 15,144 −26.7%
1970 13,228 −12.7%
1980 14,338 8.4%
1990 13,023 −9.2%
2000 14,154 8.7%
2010 14,003 −1.1%
2019 (est.) 13,279 −5.2%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2019

As of the census of 2000, there were 14,154 people, 5,319 households, and 3,675 families residing in the county. The population density was 18 people per square mile (7/km2). There were 6,237 housing units at an average density of 8 per square mile (3/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 72.77% White, 4.48% Black or African American, 16.18% Native American, 0.21% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.98% from other races, and 5.36% from two or more races. 2.49% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 94.3% spoke English, 2.6% Muskogee and 2.5% Spanish as their first language.

There were 5,319 households, out of which 28.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.50% were married couples living together, 11.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.90% were non-families. 28.60% of all households were made up of individuals, and 16.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 2.96.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 23.20% under the age of 18, 8.00% from 18 to 24, 27.20% from 25 to 44, 23.20% from 45 to 64, and 18.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 105.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 105.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $22,621, and the median income for a family was $29,153. Males had a median income of $22,337 versus $18,029 for females. The per capita income for the county was $12,687. About 16.70% of families and 21.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.40% of those under age 18 and 17.60% of those age 65 or over.


NRHP sites

The following sites are in Hughes County are listed on the National Register of Historic Places:

  • Dustin Agricultural Building, Dustin
  • Holdenville Armory, Holdenville
  • Holdenville City Hall, Holdenville
  • Levering Mission, Wetumka
  • Moss School Gymnasium, Holdenville
  • Spaulding School Gymnasium--Auditorium, Spaulding
  • Stuart Hotel, Stuart
  • John E. Turner House, Holdenville
  • Wetumka Armory, Wetumka
  • Wetumka Cemetery Pavilion and Fence, Wetumka
  • Womack, Craig, Rosemary McCombs Maxey, and Southern Spaces staff. "Fife Family Cemetery", Southern Spaces, September 15, 2008.


Agriculture and cattle raising have long been important to the county economy. Primary crops have been cotton, wheat, corn, oats, peanuts, and soybeans. The most important other employers in the county are: Davis Correctional Center (which is operated by Corrections Corporation of America), Tyson Foods, Wes Watkins Technology Center, and Aquafarms, which has since gone out of business.

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Condado de Hughes (Oklahoma) para niños

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